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Dr. Jim Thomas, Interim Executive Director, DHS DRI                          And             Dr. Steve Wells, President, D...
   To contribute more effectively to the     security of the nation and to promote     the general welfare of     the Sta...
   In1960’s Dr. George B. Maxey                                pioneered 1st scientific approaches                       ...
   ~550 employees with ~140 research faculty        Non-tenure / soft-money structure:            Faculty are not tenur...
DRI Vision      to be the worlds       scientific leader       investigating the       effects of natural and       human...
Definition of Earth Services Systems (ESS)     “Array of benefits for humankind derived from thebiological, geochemical, h...
Dust Bowl, USA:      National Archives: 114 SC 5089                                       1977 Drought & 24-hour event    ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of      the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social      Contract, Vol ...
Desert Research Institute
Desert Research Institute
WAIS Divide IAAce Core Tier 1 Examples:                                                    Project—3 km ice core in    Ad...
•   Aquatic Biology/Chemistry    •   Climate Change    •   Ecological Engineering    •   Environmental Processes        wi...
D5Desert Research Institute
   Apply new method for                                continuous, high-resolution                                ice-cor...
Industrial Lead Pollution in the Arctic                                            Great Depression                       ...
Climate Change   • Colorado River flows in the     future   • Eastern and western Nevada     water resource changes   • Mo...
Colorado River System • Climate models predict   precipitation may increase   or decrease in future 50/50 BUT • Warmer tem...
Upper Colorado River Basin Oct-Sep Water Year Temperature 1895-96 / 2010-11                                               ...
East Central                Annual      Nevada                Winter                Spring                Summer      Proj...
Courtesy Brad Udall, CRC-NV, April 2010Desert Research Institute
Desert Research Institute
Quagga mussels at Lake Mead clog water intakes affect lake ecosystemDesert Research Institute
   Determine rates of     contaminant release    Assess migration     characteristics    Quantify groundwater flow     ...
   2-D Slice of Climax Granite Stock                                model used to simulate                               ...
   METRIC program developed         by DRI scientists will be         used in State of Nevada         Water Rights hearin...
   Collaborative DRI-UNR         program        Determine amount of Walker         River water needed to         maintai...
DRI, with support from the Conrad                            Hilton Foundation and World Vision, is                       ...
Lake Amatitlan, Guatamala  Lake Taihu, China contamination Provide limnological training and support services for agency s...
Desert Research Institute
Development and                            implementation of an                            integrated water quality       ...
   Leveraging DRI’s NSF rankings;           Research Competitiveness as measured by                                      ...
   10% decline in published     “90% of world’s scientists &             papers by US scientists since                   ...
   Objectives          Establish a cohesive economic           development operating system          Advance targeted s...
   Advance knowledge-         based industries         through partnerships         with higher education            Wat...
• Provides innovative research, improving peoples’ lives in Nevada & world wide •Top 25 ranking by NSF among all U.S. univ...
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DRI’s Expertise and Experience in Providing Solutions and Supporting Economic Development

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DRI Foundation Forum on Water, Nevada and Economic Development

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DRI’s Expertise and Experience in Providing Solutions and Supporting Economic Development

  1. 1. Dr. Jim Thomas, Interim Executive Director, DHS DRI And Dr. Steve Wells, President, DRIDesert Research Institute
  2. 2.  To contribute more effectively to the security of the nation and to promote the general welfare of the State of Nevada and its citizens through research.  Foster and conduct fundamental scientific and applied research for industry, governmental or private agencies, and individuals.  Encourage and foster a desire in students and faculty to conduct research.  Discover and develop talent for conducting research.Desert Research Institute
  3. 3.  In1960’s Dr. George B. Maxey pioneered 1st scientific approaches to estimating recharge to & regional flow of groundwater in arid regions.  Dr. Patrick Squires vision led to DRI’s scientific reputation in weather modification & cloud seeding in arid regions of Nevada and western US, enhancing our available water resources.  Serving nearly 45 years as an atmospheric physicist, Dr. John Hallet, created research instruments, such as the trademarked and marketed HotPlate Total Precipitation Sensor.Desert Research Institute
  4. 4.  ~550 employees with ~140 research faculty  Non-tenure / soft-money structure:  Faculty are not tenured and generate own salaries (no state-funded positions)  Faculty bring ~$40M into Nevada’s economy!  Direct return on state-funded investment is $5-to-$1  DRI’s state funding is used to help offset research support & other operating expenses so overhead can be used to hire new faculty & invest in innovation  At any given time, DRI conducts about 300 research projects worldwide  Over 60 specialized labs & research facilities  DRI invests ~ $1.4M annually in non-state dollars for support of graduate students are UNR and UNLV  Research to improve people’s lives: Nevada & worldDesert Research Institute
  5. 5. DRI Vision  to be the worlds scientific leader investigating the effects of natural and human-induced environmental change and advancing environmental technologies aimed at assessing a changing planet.Desert Research Institute
  6. 6. Definition of Earth Services Systems (ESS) “Array of benefits for humankind derived from thebiological, geochemical, hydrological, and geological states & flows – sustains the biosphere for existence of life”* *Board of Earth Sciences & Resources, NRC/Nat. Academy of SciencesDesert Research Institute
  7. 7. Dust Bowl, USA: National Archives: 114 SC 5089 1977 Drought & 24-hour event resulting in desertification near Bakersfield, California, USADesert Research Institute
  8. 8. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  9. 9. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  10. 10. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  11. 11. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  12. 12. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  13. 13. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  14. 14. Maps are from an article by John H. Tanton, "End of the Migration Epoch," reprinted by The Social Contract, Vol IV, No 3 and Vol. V, No. 1, 1995. each dot represents 1 million peopleDesert Research Institute
  15. 15. Desert Research Institute
  16. 16. Desert Research Institute
  17. 17. WAIS Divide IAAce Core Tier 1 Examples: Project—3 km ice core in  Addressing environmental & Antarctica societal impacts of climate change and related security implications  Managing scarce water resources under conditions of changing climate  Energy-water nexus West Africa Water Initiative provides  Monitoring ecological, clean water to hydrological, and atmospheric thousands of rural responses to climate change people  Research on techniques & proxies for assessing global climate trends Impact of Climate  Adaptation strategies related to Uncertainties on steam natural systems, societies, and flows, groundwater infrastructure are impacted by recharge, and in-stream climate change and riparian vegetationDesert Research Institute
  18. 18. • Aquatic Biology/Chemistry • Climate Change • Ecological Engineering • Environmental Processes within Snow and Ice • Paleo-environments • Regional Groundwater Hydrology and Hydraulics • Soil Zone Hydrology • Surface and Subsurface Flow and Contaminant Transport • Watershed HydrologyDesert Research Institute
  19. 19. D5Desert Research Institute
  20. 20.  Apply new method for continuous, high-resolution ice-core analyses called Continuous Flow Analysis with Trace Elements (CFA- TE)  Develop multi-century glaciochemical records of trace elements and isotopes with unprecedented temporal resolution  Work has recently expanded to include analysis of black carbonDesert Research Institute
  21. 21. Industrial Lead Pollution in the Arctic Great Depression Civil War Year McConnell, 2006 Clean Air ActDesert Research Institute
  22. 22. Climate Change • Colorado River flows in the future • Eastern and western Nevada water resource changes • More extreme droughts and floods • Earlier snow melt runoff • Less stream flow and groundwater recharge • Economic Impact of changing water resources can be huge—Las Vegas growth needs a reliable water supplyDesert Research Institute 22
  23. 23. Colorado River System • Climate models predict precipitation may increase or decrease in future 50/50 BUT • Warmer temperatures will result in: • Less snowpack • Less runoff • Less groundwater rechargeDesert Research Institute 23
  24. 24. Upper Colorado River Basin Oct-Sep Water Year Temperature 1895-96 / 2010-11 Westmap UA/WRCC/OSUDesert Research Institute
  25. 25. East Central Annual Nevada Winter Spring Summer Projected Autumn Temperature Changes ( C ) 15 IPCC Models Early 21st 2011-2040 Middle 21st 2041-2070 Late 21st 2071-2100Desert Research Institute
  26. 26. Courtesy Brad Udall, CRC-NV, April 2010Desert Research Institute
  27. 27. Desert Research Institute
  28. 28. Quagga mussels at Lake Mead clog water intakes affect lake ecosystemDesert Research Institute
  29. 29.  Determine rates of contaminant release  Assess migration characteristics  Quantify groundwater flow paths  Predict groundwater and contaminant velocities  Design optimal monitoring networks  Develop quantitative decision-support toolsDesert Research Institute
  30. 30.  2-D Slice of Climax Granite Stock model used to simulate radionuclide fluxes from three sub- surface tests through a fractured granite rock mass.  Conceptual model uncertainty in recharge and geologic framework incorporated in model simulations for full investigation of uncertainty.  Parametric uncertainty included in fracture networks and transport parameters.  Fracking will have extremely important environmental issues to address to continue economic success of oil and gas developmentDesert Research Institute
  31. 31.  METRIC program developed by DRI scientists will be used in State of Nevada Water Rights hearings  METRIC will provide basin water budget estimates for all basins in Nevada  Knowing available water resources is critical for economic development and ecosystem sustainabilityDesert Research Institute
  32. 32.  Collaborative DRI-UNR program  Determine amount of Walker River water needed to maintain Walker Lake ecosystem WHILE maintaining agricultural economy in the basin  Alternative lower water use crops part of research programDesert Research Institute
  33. 33. DRI, with support from the Conrad Hilton Foundation and World Vision, is developing new methods to locate safe water supplies in AfricaDesert Research Institute
  34. 34. Lake Amatitlan, Guatamala Lake Taihu, China contamination Provide limnological training and support services for agency staff and Taking a Secchi disk reading. The water university researchers in Central and is green due to abundance of South America. Microcystis aeruginosa, often associated with harmful algal blooms (HABs).Desert Research Institute
  35. 35. Desert Research Institute
  36. 36. Development and implementation of an integrated water quality monitoring program for Preserving Lake Tahoe the Truckee River clarity via science-based resource management Impact of climate Ecology and biology of Quagga uncertainties on steam mussels and their impact on flows, groundwater aquatic biodiversity and water recharge, and in- quality in Lake Mead stream and riparian vegetationDesert Research Institute
  37. 37.  Leveraging DRI’s NSF rankings; Research Competitiveness as measured by Academic Institutional Rankings by  Leveraging DRI’s unique business National Science Foundation in R&D model to explore new & unique Expenditures in Environmental Sciences research opportunities;  Expansion of DRI’s role in Nevada’s 1 University California-SD (also Scripps) economic development & addressing 2 Texas A&M University state priorities such as renewable 3 Colorado State University energy & water technologies; 4 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute  Expansion of research park to incubate 13 Johns Hopkins University & attract businesses; and 18 U. of Maryland Ctr. for Environ. Sci. 23 DRI  Expand partnerships with local, 28 U. California-Davis national, and international businesses 36 Stanford University as well as institutions of higher 37 Harvard University education beyond our state (public, 40 UNR private and international). 45 University of Southern California  Integrating engineering with DRI 48 UNLV traditional sciencesDesert Research Institute
  38. 38.  10% decline in published “90% of world’s scientists & papers by US scientists since 1992 engineers will live in Asia by 2010”  20% decrease – overall engineering degrees awarded in US since ’85  50% of all engineering degrees awarded by U.S. Engineering Colleges to foreign nationals  50% decline in funding for basic research since 1970 Sources: AAAS and National Science Board reports  50% of current science & eng. workforce approaching retirementDesert Research Institute
  39. 39.  Objectives  Establish a cohesive economic development operating system  Advance targeted sectors and opportunities in the regions  Expand global engagement  Catalyze innovation in core and emerging industries  Increase opportunity through education and workforce Brian Sandoval development Governor of the State of NevadaDesert Research Institute
  40. 40.  Advance knowledge- based industries through partnerships with higher education  Water in arid climates in partnership with DRI, UNLV, So. Nevada Water Authority  Additional Promising Possibilities  Agriculture  Water technologyDesert Research Institute
  41. 41. • Provides innovative research, improving peoples’ lives in Nevada & world wide •Top 25 ranking by NSF among all U.S. universities for R&D expenditures in environmental sciences •Brings national and global recognition to Nevada beyond gaming & tourism •Largest and most diverse number of hydrologists and hydrologeologists in national outside federal government (U.S. Geological Survey) •Entrepreneurial innovation center for “true technology-based economic development“ (Brookings & SRI, 2011): Provides profound economic impact to Nevada, by leveraging ~ $5 for every state dollar invested!Desert Research Institute

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