EEA-Report:      Regional climate change and adaptation –          The Alps facing the challenges of             changing ...
State of knowledge  • Mountains are one of the most vulnerable regions to climate    change in Europe (EEA 2008, IPCC 2007...
Aims  Gain some insights on the vulnerability of the Alps with regard to    the impacts of global change on water availabi...
Structure of the study                          Methods  1. Setting the scene                            Literature review...
Sectoral perspective                 Sektors experiencing water resource pressures
Regional perspective – Case studies
Key themes in case study regions Which water resource problems are existing      How are sectors in water-sensitive region...
Experiences from regional Case studies – 1 –     Case studies are not meant to be representative for the Alps     but were...
Experiences from regional Case studies – 2 - •   Adaptation processes highly depend on the people involved     and on inst...
Important factors for adaptation to climate change                                                    Awareness &         ...
Dynamic                                                       Motivated and skilled                                       ...
Conclusions for vulnerability &adaptation assessments  Highlight social, political, institutional and management   factor...
Recommendations for adaptation tofuture climate change in water-sensitive regions ofthe European Alps     Tailor response...
EEA-Report (2009):Regional climate change and adaptation:The Alps facing the challengeof changing water resourcesLink: www...
Thank you!Project           Funded byMembers
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Concept and Process Design for Participatory Regional Vulnerability Assessments: Lessons Learnt from Analysing Model Projects [Wolfgang Lexer]

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Concept and Process Design for Participatory Regional Vulnerability Assessments: Lessons Learnt from Analysing Model Projects. Presented by Wolfgang Lexer at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

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Concept and Process Design for Participatory Regional Vulnerability Assessments: Lessons Learnt from Analysing Model Projects [Wolfgang Lexer]

  1. 1. EEA-Report: Regional climate change and adaptation – The Alps facing the challenges of changing water resources Perth mountains conference, 26-30 September 2010 Wolfgang Lexer (UBA Vienna) Torsten Grothmann (PIK Potsdam), Andrea Prutsch (UBA Vienna), Inke Schauser (UBA Dessau), Benno Hain (UBA Dessau), Sabine McCallum (UBA Vienna), Diana Nenz (PIK Potsdam), Anne Holsten (PIK Potsdam), Marc Zebisch (EURAC Bozen), Stéphane Isoard (EEA Copenhagen)Project Funded byMembers
  2. 2. State of knowledge • Mountains are one of the most vulnerable regions to climate change in Europe (EEA 2008, IPCC 2007). • The Alps as the „water towers‟ of Europe play a fundamental role for large parts of Europe. • In the Alps, water resource problems (quantity and quality) in the past appeared in particular regions and at particular times of the year. • Climate change will impact water availability: effects on ecosystem services and, effects on almost all socio-economical sectors. • In the future, climate change could increase water resource problems in specific regions in the Alps and throughout Europe (growing demand vs. decreasing water availability).
  3. 3. Aims Gain some insights on the vulnerability of the Alps with regard to the impacts of global change on water availability and specific water-sensitive regions.  Natural hazards are beyond the scope of the study! Analyse adaptation activities to water resource problems which have already been carried out in sensitive regions. Assess possible needs, constraints and opportunities for adaptation. Provide support to regional and local administrations in making informed decisions. Raise awareness and expand the knowledge base.
  4. 4. Structure of the study Methods 1. Setting the scene Literature review & • Climate change in the Alps Climate scenarios • Alps as “Water Towers” Data collection & review • Sectoral perspective Interviews with local & regional 2. Regional perspective stakeholders • 6 Case Studies for 4 climatic zones 2-day workshop Questionnaire measuring the importance of certain 3. Experiences aspects as • Adaptation to climate change in water- barriers/triggers sensitive regions of the Alps • Transboundary cooperation on water Literature review & scarcity experiences from case studies • Other mountain regions in Europe
  5. 5. Sectoral perspective Sektors experiencing water resource pressures
  6. 6. Regional perspective – Case studies
  7. 7. Key themes in case study regions Which water resource problems are existing How are sectors in water-sensitive regions in water-sensitive regions in the Alps? influenced by changing water availability? How does the water supply from the Alps affect Europe? Which adaptation activities to water resource problems are already carried out? What are the needs, constraints and Which triggers, barriers and drivers of opportunities for past and future adaptation? adaptation can be identified? Can other mountain regions profit from experiences in the Alps? Federal Environment Agency, Germany European Environment Agency
  8. 8. Experiences from regional Case studies – 1 – Case studies are not meant to be representative for the Alps but were carried out to illustrate key issues! • Adaptation to water resource problems are driven by concrete effects and socio-economic impacts rather than climate change prediction. • Measures are often triggered by: • Extreme events causing drastic water scarcity • Economic reasons • Political will • Local traditions and rules • Adaptation has followed mainly a technological approach.
  9. 9. Experiences from regional Case studies – 2 - • Adaptation processes highly depend on the people involved and on institutional and organisational factors. • Coordination of water resources is organized largely at local level. • Cross-sectoral coordination seems to work well at local level but is often lacking at regional level. • Maladaptation is happening. • Often knowledge is missing (e.g. monitoring, withdrawals).
  10. 10. Important factors for adaptation to climate change Awareness & Political factors information/ Education & skills Institutional and organisational factors Adaptation to climate change and water resource problems Legal factors Economic factors Social & cultural factors Technological factors Equity
  11. 11. Dynamic Motivated and skilled individuals adaptation process Adaptation management / Awareness / governance Stakeholder dialogue / cooperation Risk perception Dissemination of knowledge on climate change and good adaptation practices Triggers and influential factors of adaptation processExperience of problems Knowledge production Availability and Legal context: Economic context: in the past (e.g. water on climate change access to legal instruments availability of economic shortages, droughts) impacts and technological and responsibilities / resources and financial adaptation strategies adaptation options competencies instruments (e.g. win-win and low (e.g. drop irrigation) (e.g. water framework (e.g. water prices) regret options, directive) stepwise precautionary approach)
  12. 12. Conclusions for vulnerability &adaptation assessments  Highlight social, political, institutional and management factors as important determinants of adaptive capacity and vulnerability  Identify region specific adaptation barriers and drivers by applying participatory assessments (e.g. half-standardized self- assessment tools)  Evaluate assessment results to be included as indicators for adaptive capacity  Arrange for periodic monitoring to detect potential new barriers and drivers during the adaptation process
  13. 13. Recommendations for adaptation tofuture climate change in water-sensitive regions ofthe European Alps  Tailor response measures to specific regional conditions and most affected sectors, taking general political and socio- economic realities into account  Keep adaptation processes adaptive, based on continuous monitoring and learning to ensure flexibility for adjustments  Apply precautionary principle in response to knowledge deficits  Implement adaptation actions step by step, beginning with win-win or no-regret options
  14. 14. EEA-Report (2009):Regional climate change and adaptation:The Alps facing the challengeof changing water resourcesLink: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/alps-climate-change-and-adaptation-2009Project consortium (ETC-ACC): UBA Dessau (Germany), UBA Vienna (Austria), PIK Potsdam (Germany), EURAC Bolzano (Italy)Partner: Permanent Secretariat of the Alpine ConventionContributing authors: EPA Slovenia, ZAMG (Austria), Ministero dell`Ambiente e della Tutela del Territori e del Mare (Italy), University of Geneva and WSL (Switzerland), Institut de la Montagne (France), Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention UNEP (Austria). Federal Environment Agency, Germany European Environment Agency
  15. 15. Thank you!Project Funded byMembers

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