Spanish-American War LaNeetra James Duncanville High School October 25, 2009 http://www.duncanvilleisd.org/ljames/ TEKS 1C, 3B-C, 7A, 11B, 12A, 16A-B, 19B, 25C, 26A, 26C-D TAKS Gr10/11: Obj 5: WG21C, WH25C, WH26C, US24 “ It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed.” –Theodore Roosevelt, 1899
War In February 1898, the U.S.S. Maine exploded, killing 266 Americans blaming Spain.
The U.S. Navy blockaded Cuba and attacked the Spanish at the Spanish Philippines and seized Guam. Poor training conditions resulted in more U.S. deaths than in battle. The U.S. and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, ending the war.
The “ Rough Riders ” attacked in Puerto Rico under Theodore Roosevelt with the all-black 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments.
The American Empire The U.S. acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and paid Spain $20 million for the Philippines. The Foraker Act made Puerto Rico a territory making them U.S. citizens. The Platt Amendment specified (1) Cuba could not make a treaty; (2) U.S. naval stations in Cuba; (3) low Cuba’s debts; (4) the U.S. would protect Cuban independence. It was repealed in 1934.
Filipino Emilio Aguinaldo ordered attacks on U.S. soldiers. U.S. General MacArthur set up reconcentration camps killing thousands. William Howard Taft made reforms in education, transportation, and health care, lessening Filipino hostility.
Bibliography Appleby, Joyce. Brinkley, Alan. Broussard, Albert. McPherson, James. Ritchie, Donald. The American Republic Since 1877-Texas Edition ; Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2003. Kennedy, David M., Cohen, Lizabeth, Bailey, Thomas A.. The American Pageant: A History of the Republic . New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2002. Tindall, George Brown, and Shi, David E. America, A Narrative History ; New York, NY : Norton, 1992.