17.2 spanish american war (h)

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17.2 spanish american war (h)

  1. 1. Foreign EntanglementsThe Spanish-American War The “Splendid Little War” 17.2
  2. 2. Chilean government paid$75,000 to sailors’ families
  3. 3. President Cleveland sends Navy to Rio de Janeiro
  4. 4. Venezuela►Boundary dispute with Great Britain►Colony of British Guiana►1895 discovery of gold
  5. 5. ►Cleveland demands British submission-why?►Britain refused at first►Territory rewarded to British Guiana
  6. 6. An intense form ofnationalism calling for anaggressive foreign policy
  7. 7. ►Expansionists: U.S. needs to take its place with the imperialist nations of Europe as a world power.►Presidents Cleveland & McKinley: military action abroad was morally wrong & economically unsound
  8. 8. 17.2 Group Activity► Students will be divided into 9 groups:  Group 1-Latin America  Group 2-Cuban Revolution  Group 3-Yellow Journalism  Group 4-Causes of The Spanish-American War  Group 5-Spanish American War& Results  Group 6-Phillippines
  9. 9.  Group 7-Cuba & Puerto Rico Group 8-Hawaii Group 9-Samoa & China Students are to read the chapter section on their topic Add two new facts Present info to class-chart paper
  10. 10. Cuban nationalists fighting for10 years to overthrow Spanish rule
  11. 11. Off the coast of Florida Locate on Overseas America MapWhy did Cuba revolt against Spain 1895? What was United States’ interest in Cuba?
  12. 12. View video clip & answer►What were the US investments in Cuba?►Why was Marti jailed?►Why did Marti order guerilla actions?
  13. 13. ►What happened to Marti?►Find evidence that proves General Weyler’s nickname “The Butcher” to be true.
  14. 14. Cuban Revolt►1895 nationalists burned down sugar plantations►Hoping Spain to withdraw►Hoping involvement of the U.S. in their revolution
  15. 15. General Weyler“The Butcher”
  16. 16. 100,000 troopsto suppress the Revolt Policy ofreconcentration
  17. 17. Cubans sent to“reconcentration” camps
  18. 18. Who was Jose Marti?
  19. 19. Killed in Cubanrebellion against Spain
  20. 20. View video clip & answer►What were the US investments in Cuba?►Why was Marti jailed?►Why did Marti order guerilla actions?
  21. 21. ►What happened to Marti?►Find evidence that proves General Weyler’s nickname “The Butcher” to be true.
  22. 22. ►What effect did the explosion of the USS Maine have on the start of the war?►When was war declared?
  23. 23. Identify Yellow Journalism In these newspapers
  24. 24. View the video & answer►What part did yellow journalism play in starting the Spanish American war?►Who said “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war.”? What does it mean?
  25. 25. ►What effect did the explosion of the USS Maine have on the start of the war?►When was war declared?
  26. 26. How do you think the public reacted? How would you react?
  27. 27. Mocked President McKinley “weak”
  28. 28. February 15, 1898 260 Americans killedWho did the “yellow press” blame? In Havana Harbor to protect American life & property
  29. 29. Why was this the final straw?Blew up on the way to Havana Harbor To protect lives April 19, 1898 Congress declares War
  30. 30. ►Cause of explosion not determined►“Remember the Maine”►April 19, 1898 Congress adopts a war resolution
  31. 31. ●Part of the war resolution● Declared U.S. had no intention of takingpolitical control of Cuba● Once peace restored Cubans control ownGovernment (self-determination)
  32. 32. United States would notestablish permanent control
  33. 33. Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore RooseveltOrdered a fleet to the Philippines commanded by Commodore George Dewey
  34. 34. The Philippines►Country’s new all-steel navy►Dewey’s fleet easily defeated Spanish►On land allied with Filipino rebels►Captured city of Manila
  35. 35. Battle for Manila►Philippines-May 1,1898►TR/Commodore George Dewey►Destroyed Spanish fleet►No U.S. causalities
  36. 36. Spanish warships were in Santiago HarborTroops met little opposition
  37. 37. Many were former slaves.Did they have the same rights asWhite soldiers?Read story, highlight & answer questions
  38. 38. Organized by Teddy Roosevelt
  39. 39. Horses never arrived.Fought as infantrymen.
  40. 40. Read Biography Walter Reed
  41. 41. U.S. Army ill-equipped & untrained. Winter uniforms Spoiled food Yellow Fever
  42. 42. View Video & Answer►Identify: Dewey & Aguinaldo►What was the 9th Cavalry?►Describe the problems the soldiers faced?
  43. 43. ►Who were the Rough Riders?►How long did the war last?►When was the truce signed?►Why was it called the “splendid little war”?
  44. 44. Straits Channel
  45. 45. End of the War►Americans seized Puerto Rico►Guam was easily taken►The Treaty of Paris December 10, 1898
  46. 46. Cuba After Independence►New constitution under guidance►Major General Wood►Task of preparing Cuba for independence
  47. 47. Treaty of Paris►Signed December 10, 1898►recognized independence of Cuba Platt Amendment►Puerto Rico, Guam & Philippines►$20 million
  48. 48. The Platt Amendment►1901 Congress approves►Restricts Cuba’s ability to make treaties & borrow money►U.S. right to intervene- independence, security of life & property
  49. 49. ►Obliged Cuba to sell or lease to the U.S. the land for a naval base►Established an American naval base at Guantanamo Bay►Under a substantial degree of American control
  50. 50. Reasons for/against annexation
  51. 51. PhilippineInsurrection 1899-1901
  52. 52. Philippine Insurrection►Why was it fought?►Who was Emilio Aguinaldo?►How was this war different from Spanish-American War?►What would you have done with the Philippines?
  53. 53. War in the Philippines►1898-1902 Filipino insurgents fought the Americans►Deaths: 5,000 Americans 50,000 Filipinos►Both sides committed atrocities
  54. 54. ►Emilio Aguinaldo►Very bloody battle►Villages destroyed, civilians murdered, prisoners tortured
  55. 55. July 4, 1946Granted full independence
  56. 56. Answer following video►Why was Aguinaldo angry?►What did he do?►How did this war compare with the Spanish-American War?
  57. 57. ►How did the anti-imperialists feel?►What did the future hold for Cuba and the Philippines?►What is the Platt Amendment?
  58. 58. Annexation►Debate became a national issue 1899►Include annexation in Treaty►Obligation to “uplift” & “civilize” the Filipinos
  59. 59. Options►Return Philippines to Spain►Be taken over by France, Germany, or a European power►Left to govern themselves
  60. 60. ►Aguinaldo captured in 1901►Fighting ended in 1902►1901 Taft becomes governor of Philippines►July 4, 1946 full
  61. 61. Latin America & Hawaii►The U.S. signed a treaty with Hawaii►Took a more active role in protecting Latin America
  62. 62. Hawaii
  63. 63. Hawaii►Commercial interests late 18th century►1875 reciprocity treaty, sugar to U.S. without tariff►1887 rights to Pearl Harbor
  64. 64. Sugar interests gain power. King Kalakaua NationalisticResented American influence1874 Americans gained Control over Hawaii’s Land & economy
  65. 65. ►American influence resented by Hawaiians►1891 nationalistic Queen Liliuokalani became ruler►“Hawaii for the Hawaiians”
  66. 66. “ Bayonet Constitution”►King forced at gunpoint to sign 1887►Restricted his power►Deprived most Hawaiians of the vote►Forced to give Pearl Harbor to U.S.►American sugar planters now had political control over Hawaii
  67. 67. 1890 U.S. revokes sugar treaty after bad economy in U.S. American sugar producers push for annexation-why?
  68. 68. 1893 plan to restore Hawaiian monarchy Business community plotted to overthrow her John L. Stevens American minister to Hawaii helped rebel sugar planters
  69. 69. Rebel leaders formed a new regime with Sanford B. DoleStevens recognizes the new Republic of Hawaii
  70. 70. Cleveland not happy. Puts treaty on hold & investigates Wants to restore Queen Dole would not step downCleveland does not support annexation President McKinley favors annexatio Congress narrowly approves 1898 1959 50th state 1993 Congress apologizes for overthrowing Queen
  71. 71. ►1893 U.S. Navy & Marines, American sugar growers staged a revolt►Sanford Dole►Set up a republic
  72. 72. ►President sent a commission to investigate►Many support the Queen►Annexation 1898
  73. 73. The Pacific►1878 naval base at Pago Pago►Shared with Gt. Britain & Germany►Conflict-tripartite proctectorate
  74. 74. American Policy In China
  75. 75. ►Spheres of influence►Secretary of State John Hay issued his first Open Door note in Sept. 1899►Addressed to Gt. Britain, Germany, Russia, France, Italy & Japan
  76. 76. ►1890s Russia, Japan, Great Britain, France & Germany established►Spheres of Influence in China: they could dominate trade & investment within their sphere ►A particular port or region of China ►Shut out competitors
  77. 77. Prevents the U.S fromlosing access to lucrative China trade
  78. 78. Secretary of State John Hay►Impressed Europeans by his policies toward China►Alarmed that Chinese empire was falling under control of various outside powers: ►Weakened by political corruption ►Failure to modernize
  79. 79. Open Door Policy►To prevent U.S. from losing access to lucrative China trade►1899 diplomatic note sent to nations holding spheres of influence►All nations would have equal trading privileges in China
  80. 80. ►Spheres of influence►Secretary of State John Hay issued his first Open Door note in Sept. 1899►Addressed to Gt. Britain, Germany, Russia, France, Italy & Japan
  81. 81. Questions for video clip►Describe the situation in China.►What is a “sphere of influence”?►Explain John Hay’s idea.►What were the opinions of “Open Door”?
  82. 82. ►How did the “Boxers” get their name?►What happened in June 1900?►How and when was this rebellion stopped?
  83. 83. ►Principle of equal access by all nations to trade in China►Less positive response- conditional agreement
  84. 84. The Boxer Rebellion►May 1900►Young Chinese who opposed Manchu dynasty►Opposed foreign influence►1900 killed over 200 missionaries & foreigners
  85. 85. Attacked foreign settlements & murdered Christian missionariesU.S. troops participatedin international force to crush rebellion
  86. 86. ►Western powers joined with Japan►Sent military force to China►August, siege ended
  87. 87. Boxer Rebellion (1900)►Nationalism & xenophobia (hatred & fear of foreigners) on rise in China►The Society of Harmonious Fists or Boxers attacked foreign settlements→ murdered Christian missionaries►U.S. troops in an international force helped crush the rebellion
  88. 88. Second Open Door►Other countries to join U.S. to respect the “territorial & administrative” integrity of China►Accept financial reparations
  89. 89. ►1890s Russia, Japan, Great Britain, France & Germany established►Spheres of Influence in China: they could dominate trade & investment within their sphere ►A particular port or region of China ►Shut out competitors

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