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Spanish American War Notes


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Published in: Business
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Spanish American War Notes

  1. 1. U.S. as a World Power 1890-1920
  2. 2. IMPERIALISM Economic, political, social? Positive and Negative
  3. 3. Reason for U.S. Imperialism Industrial Revolution gain raw materials, sell finished products Close of the Frontier Looking abroad for economic opportunities Example of European nations England and other powers engaged in imperialist ventures American Nationalism Overseas imperialism a logical continuation of manifest destiny                             
  4. 7. Founded in Hawaii in 1851 , Dole Food Company, Inc. (NYSE: DOL), with 2001 revenues of $4.5 billion, is the world's largest producer and marketer of high-quality fresh fruit, fresh vegetables and fresh-cut flowers, and markets a growing line of packaged foods . The Company does business in more than 90 countries and employs approximately 61,000 people worldwide.                             
  5. 8. “ Our economic future depends on acquiring new markets abroad, and protecting those markets with a strong navy” Alfred T. Mahan….
  6. 9. 1. Surplus production requires colonies. 2. Oceans should be highways , not barriers. 3. A powerful navy is essential for protecting commerce.
  7. 11. The "Splendid Little War"
  8. 12. Causes of Spanish American War 1898
  9. 13. LOCATION
  10. 14. Causes of the Spanish -American War LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION Cuba’s strategic location 90 miles south of Florida represented a key defense base for the U.S.                             
  11. 15. “ Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.” Teddy Roosevelt                                        
  12. 16. Cuba
  13. 17. 90 Miles
  14. 18. Markets for Surplus goods? Potential Military Entanglements? VS American Public Opinion
  15. 19. Causes of the Spanish -American War EVENTS in CUBA Spanish General “Butcher” Weyler placed civilians in concentrations camps. Over 200,000 (mainly women and children) died of hunger and disease.                             
  16. 20. Spanish General “Butcher”Weyler
  17. 23. Jose Marti Organizes Cuban resistance by destroying property , especially American Sugar plantation Desire to help rebels achieve a free Cuba….CUBA LIBRE!!!
  18. 24. Causes of the Spanish -American War INVESTMENTS American investments in Cuban sugar and plantations totaled $50 million American merchants regularly traded with Cuba ($100 million)                             
  19. 25. Revolutionary sympathy?
  20. 26. British control of the colonies
  21. 28. Colonial Reactions
  22. 29. Tea Act 1773
  23. 32. Why TJ to pen the DOI?
  24. 33. Sam Adams and the radical group the “Sons of Liberty” advocated independence for Britain Soon this will be our banner of freedom
  26. 35. Causes of the Spanish -American War REMEMBER THE MAINE!! The battleship Maine is destroyed in Havana Harbor on February 15 th 1898 killing 268 sailors.                             
  27. 37. Cuba “ Remember the Maine!!”
  28. 38. “ Remember the Maine ”
  29. 39. The USS Maine
  30. 41. Causes of the Spanish -American War AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION Yellow Journalism Sensational treatment of the news…..exaggerated stories and falsified accounts to sell newspapers                             
  31. 42. Yellow Journalism Pulitzer Hearst
  32. 43. Morning Journal Sales increased from 30,000 in 1895 to 1,000,000 in 1898
  33. 44. Yellow Journalism
  34. 46. Hearst and Pulitzer did everything they could to win the circulation battle. In fact, they seem to have published exciting stories about events that never occurred, and printed artists' drawings about scenes that didn't exist. Because of the furor over the Yellow Kid, the World and the Journal became widely known as " The Yellow Kid Papers." This was eventually shortened to " The Yellow Papers," which soon became "Yellow Journalism " when emotions increased even further over the Spanish-American War.
  35. 47. <ul><li>American business investments </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Maine Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionary sympathy </li></ul><ul><li>“ Butcher”Weyler </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban Revolt – 1895 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Opinion </li></ul>