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Mexican-American War


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Mexican-American War

  1. 1. Mexican-American War
  2. 2. Years and Cause of Conflict <ul><li>Years of Conflict: 1846-1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: American overpopulation of Mexican lands, Mexican failure to uphold contract between Mexican and American governments </li></ul>
  3. 4. The President, His Stance, and His Military Strategy/Purpose/Rationale <ul><li>President: James K. Polk </li></ul><ul><li>Stance: Wanted war with Mexico as justification to take their lands </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale: Americans had been killed on American soil, European colonization, Monroe Doctrine protection and upholding </li></ul><ul><li>Provocation strategy: Station troops near Rio Grande border to get Mexicans to attack </li></ul><ul><li>Military strategy: Limited warfare in California and Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: Gain Mexican lands to prevent European land holdings, expand to Pacific Coast </li></ul>
  4. 5. War’s Effect on Domestic and Foreign Policy <ul><li>Domestic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave Americans land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Future expansion and development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of new states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave Mexicans in Mexican Cession American citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave more international respect to the American military </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Citizens’ Reaction to Conflict <ul><li>Mexican </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to make a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to embarrass Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to free Southern slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upset over loss of land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Happy to see that ceded lands helped to cause Civil War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northerners were apathetic to the Mexican War because they only wanted lands in Canada and the Oregon Country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners pushed for war because they wanted to extend slavery and gain more Congressional representatives </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Battle Date US Leader Mexican Leader Palo Alto May 8, 1846 Samuel Ringgold Mariano Aristo Santa Fe August 15, 1846 Stephen W. Kearney Manuel Armijo Buena Vista February 22-23, 1847 Zachary Taylor John E. Wool Antonio L ópez de Santa Anna Veracruz March 9-29, 1847 Winfield Scott (Army) David Connor (Navy) Matthew C. Perry (Navy) Juan Morales Mexico City September 8-15, 1847 Winfield Scott Antonio L ópez de Santa Ana
  7. 8. Military Result <ul><li>Mexico utterly destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican cession of vast territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico halved in size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States doubled in size (again…) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of the use of thorough reconnaissance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value of siege </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swift flanking movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to conduct a strong blockade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not to let one president’s views destroy the party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitutionality of Congress’s abilities to determine a state’s slave status </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t fight back against the big bully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The greed of one person can lead to the troubles of many </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Being nice may not always get you what you want </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. Long Term Effects/Consequences <ul><li>Domestic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues over slavery rekindled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed more direct connection with California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US extended to Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bounty of ports, minerals, and natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican leaders struggled to reorganize and revive their nation (turmoil, civil war, foreign intervention) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New leaders inspired to unite Mexico, force out foreign invaders, and establish the foundations of a modern state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uneasy Mexican-American relations afterwards </li></ul></ul>