Imperialism

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Imperialism

  1. 1. U.S. Foreign Policy AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Foreign Relations 1892-1897 <ul><li>Cuban War for Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money invested in Cuban economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow journalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President McKinley cautious about actions toward Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. Open Door Policy with China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect equal opportunity for trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hawaiian Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overthrew Queen Liliuokalani </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annexed as American territory </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Spanish-American War <ul><li>Yellow Journalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulitzer and Hearst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase circulation through exaggerated stories about Spanish atrocities against Cubans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created popular support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>DeLome Letter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish minister criticized McKinley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sinking of the Maine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>250 Americans-out cry for war. (Possible accident!) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Decision for War <ul><li>Loss of markets, threats to Americans, inabilities of Cuban and Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Victories at San Juan, Santiago, Manila </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Cuban independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teller Amendment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commodore Matthew Perry-Philippines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength of U.S. Navy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Treaty of Paris and results of War <ul><li>Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secured Cuban independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceded Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Payment to Spain of $20 million for the Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. Military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter uniforms issued </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rations from Civil War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food poisoning and disease killed more than bullets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What to do with land?! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Imperialist League vs. Colonialism </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Territorial Conflict <ul><li>Philippines Insurrection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filipino nationalists under Emilio Aguinaldo rebelled against U.S. control. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Found they would not receive independence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppressed by the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventual self-government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Platt Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba to be protectorate of the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba could not: 1. make a treaty 2. contract public debt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had to: 1. allow U.S. to preserve order 2. lease a naval base for 99 years </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Continued! Yay! <ul><li>Hay-Pauncefote Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between the U.S. and Britain to create a canal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Insular Cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court determined that constitutional rights did not extend to territorial possessions, thus inhabitants did not have the same rights as American citizens. </li></ul></ul>

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