HOMO DOMESTICUS: Table of Contents

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This is the table of contents of the entire thesis on Homo domesticus.

oscar.carvajal@utoronto.ca

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HOMO DOMESTICUS: Table of Contents

  1. 1. By Oscar Carvajal, PhD ABDUniversity of Toronto© All rights reserved HOMO DOMESTICUS: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF HUMAN DOMESTICATION AND HOW IT MAY INFLUENCE THE CHRISTIAN THEOLOGICAL UNDERSTANDING OF DOMINATION by Oscar Carvajal © Oscar Carvajal i
  2. 2. ABSTRACT HOMO DOMESTICUS: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF HUMAN DOMESTICATION AND HOW IT MAY INFLUENCE THE CHRISTIAN THEOLOGICAL UNDERSTANDING OF DOMINATION© Oscar CarvajalThe thesis of this dissertation demonstrates that in Christian theology the condition of thehuman, society, and the earth (and all its subsystems) needs to be understood in light ofdomestication, understood in this thesis as the influence and condition that the presenceand the conception of housing, architecture, or the human built environment (in the broadsense) exercises on every being, particularly on humans. This study explores domestication with an interdisciplinary approach in light ofrecent scholarship within the natural and social sciences. As the notion of domesticationis used to understand the human condition, this study refers to the notion of “humandomestication.” This thesis contends that, rather than Homo sapiens, as currentlyconceived, the human race would be better understood as Homo domesticus. ii
  3. 3. The preliminary work, described above, leads to the main purpose of thisChristian theological study, which consists in reviewing the treatment of the notion ofdomination in Christian theology in light of the notion of human domestication to suggestan alternative. The theological review mainly includes five works, namely: James H.Cone’s A Black Theology of Liberation on racism, Mary Daly’s Gyn/Ecology on sexism,Gustavo Gutiérrez’s A Theology of Liberation on classism, Thomas Berry’s The GreatWork on anthropocentrism, and Sallie McFague’s The Body of God on eco-feminism. This study finds the above Christian theological works addressing key ideologies,very successfully assisting the understanding of domination. However, this study alsofinds them failing to recognize human domestication, as described above. This studyconcludes that, regardless of their outcomes, they are limited to treating domination interms of ideologies. This study recommends treating the underlying dynamics of anthropological,sociological, and ecological domination from the view of domestication, particularly ofhuman domestication, in order to enhance Christian theological scholarship.Furthermore, this study suggests and briefly discusses some leading issues toward aChristian theology of domination from a viewpoint of human domestication. iii
  4. 4. DEDICATORY iv
  5. 5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS v
  6. 6. CONTENTS PageTITLE PAGEABSTRACT iiDEDICATORY ivACKNOWLEDGMENTS vCONTENTS viINTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 1 Status quaestionis ................................................................................ 3 Thesis statement …………………………………………………… 10 Enhanced definition of domestication ............................................ 10 Domestication and the human ........................................................ 11 Human domestication and domination ............................................ 14 Christian theology and domination ........................................................ 18 Contribution ............................................................................................ 24 Methodology outline …………………………………………………… 26 Thesis outline …………………………………………………………… 28PROLOGUE ........................................................................................................ 31 Currents in social anthropology ........................................................ 32 Domestication and natural selection …………………………………… 33 vi
  7. 7. 1. CHAPTER ONECHRISTIAN THEOLOGICAL CRITICS OF DOMINATION .................... 42 1.1. JAMES H. CONE: A BLACK THEOLOGY ................................ 43 1.1.1. A framework for “A Black Theology of Liberation” .................... 43 1.1.2. A Black Theology of Liberation ............................................ 45 1.2. MARY DALY: A FEMINIST CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY ........ 49 1.2.1. A framework for “Gyn/Ecology” ............................................ 49 1.2.2. Gyn/Ecology ................................................................................ 52 1.3. GUSTAVO GUTIERREZ: A LATIN AMERICAN CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY ........ 55 1.3.1. A framework for “A Theology of Liberation” .................... 55 1.3.2. A Theology of Liberation ........................................................ 60 1.4. THOMAS BERRY: AN ECO-CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY ........ 63 1.4.1. A framework for “The Great Work” ............................................ 63 1.4.2. The Great Work .................................................................... 67 1.5. SALLIE McFAGUE: AN ECO-FEMINIST CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY .................... 69 1.5.1. A framework for “The Body of God” ............................................ 69 1.5.2. The Body of God .................................................................... 72 1.6. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY AND THE STUDY OF DOMINATION 77 2. CHAPTER TWO vii
  8. 8. HUMAN DOMESTICATION .................................................................... 79 2.1. AN INTRODUTION TO TAMING AND DOMESTICATION 80 2.2. A REVISED DEFINITION OF DOMESTICATION .................... 81 2.3. INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN DOMESTICATION .................... 87 2.4. A HISTORICAL CONTEXT FOR HUMAN DOMESTICATION 88 2.5. CONTRASTING ETHNOGRAPHIES: SEDENTARY VIS-A-VIS NOMADIC ........................................... 91 2.5.1. Domestication as a cultural development ............................... 91 2.5.2. Domestication and human perception ............................... 92 2.5.3. Nomadic societies and independence ........................................... 93 2.5.4. Nomadic integrative cosmology ........................................... 95 2.5.5. Violence and justice among nomads ........................................... 95 2.5.6. Sedentism and the notion of structure ............................... 97 2.5.7. The neighbor in domesticated societies ............................... 98 2.6. DEFINING HUMAN DOMESTICATION ............................... 100 2.6.1. Built environment, domestication, and domination ................... 100 2.6.2. Life conditions and survival ....................................................... 101 2.6.3. Selection: natural or artificial? ........................................... 103 2.6.4. Domestication and the domestic ........................................... 106 2.6.5. Taming, domestication, and conditioning ............................... 108 2.7. THE HOUSE AND HUMAN DOMESTICATION INTENSIFIED 109 2.7.1. The invention of shelters: the house ........................................... 109 2.7.1.1. Architecture and the human search for origin ................... 110 viii
  9. 9. 2.7.1.2. Architecture and epistemology ........................................... 112 2.7.1.3. Architecture and distortion ....................................................... 113 2.7.1.4. The house and the notion of privacy ........................................... 114 2.7.1.5. The house and a cosmology of domination ............................... 115 2.7.1.6. The house and structural space ........................................... 117 2.7.1.7. Domestication: influence of the built environment’s presence 118 2.7.2. Intensification of human domestication and empire ................... 118 2.7.2.1. Domestication and the warrior empire ............................... 121 2.7.2.2. Elites, housing, and social stratification ............................... 124 2.7.2.3. Religious empire and domesticated food ............................... 124 2.8. CONCLUSIONS REGARDING HUMAN DOMESTICATION 127 3. CHAPTER THREECHRISTIAN THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE OF HUMAN TAMING ....... 129 3.1. CONE’S CRITIQUE OF RACIST IDEOLOGY ................... 130 3.2. DALY’S CRITIQUE OF PATRIARCHAL IDEOLOGY ....... 134 3.3. GUTIERREZ’S CRITIQUE OF CLASSIST IDEOLOGY ....... 136 3.4. BERRY’S CRITIQUE OF ANTHROPOCENTRIC IDEOLOGY 138 3.5. McFAGUE’S CRITIQUE OF DOMINATION IDEOLOGY ....... 144 3.6. HUMAN DOMESTICATION AND THEOLOGY ................... 144 3.6.1. The domestication of Blacks and Whites ............................... 145 3.6.2. The domestication of women and men …………………… 146 3.6.3. The domestication of the poor and the rich ................................ 148 ix
  10. 10. 3.6.4. The domestication of nature and the human ................................ 150 3.6.5. The domestication of the earth and society ................................ 151 3.7. HUMAN DOMESTICATION AND ECO-THEOLOGY ........ 154 3.7.1. Berry’s New Cosmology and human domestication .................... 154 3.7.2. Berry’s view of Neolithic culture …………………………… 162 3.7.3. A case of unawareness of human domestication .................... 168 4. CHAPTER FOURHOMO DOMESTICUS AND CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY .................... 170 4.1. HUMAN EMERGENCE IN THEOLOGICAL NARRATIVE …… 171 4.2. RELIGION AND CHRISTIANITY WITHIN HUMAN DOMESTICATION .................................................................... 173 4.3. HUMAN DOMESTICATION AND BIBLICAL THEOLOGY 179 4.4. A HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY AND HOMO DOMESTICUS 182 4.5. HUMAN DOMESTICATION AND THEOLOGICAL METHOD 184 4.5.1. Praxis-reflection and human domestication ................................ 185 4.5.2. Context and human domestication ............................................ 190 4.6. THEOLOGY AND INTENSIFIED HUMAN DOMESTICATION 192 4.6.1. Loving the neighbour .................................................................... 193 4.6.2. Loving the stranger .................................................................... 195 4.7. MYSTIC SPIRITUALITY ........................................................ 196 4.8. HOMO DOMESTIC THEOLOGICAL ETHICS …………… 199 4.8. REMARKS ON THEOLOGY AND HOMO DOMESTICUS …… 209 x
  11. 11. CONCLUSIONS ............................................................................................ 212 The built environment domesticates ........................................................ 212 The human species is Homo domesticus ............................................ 213 Christian theology both emerges in and critiques domestication ........ 213 This thesis reflects human domestication ............................................ 215APPENDIX 1: METHODS OF TAMING ........................................................ 216APPENDIX 2: A HISTORY OF PRE-HUMAN LIFE ................................ 223APPENDIX 3: IDEOLOGY AS A TAMING METHODOLOGY .................... 226 1. Ideology as a cultural problem ........................................................ 226 2. Ideology and dependence .................................................................... 229 3. Wild as biological and biological as natural ................................ 232APPENDIX 4: BEGINNINGS OF DOMESTICATION ................................ 234APPENDIX 5: A SYNTHESIS OF EVOLUTION AND DOMESTICATION 238APPENDIX 6: AN ACCOUNT OF HUMAN EVOLUTION …………… 244APPENDIX 7: DEPENDENCY THEORY ........................................................ 247SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY …………………………………………… 251 Primary Sources …………………………………………………… 251 Secondary Sources …………………………………………………… 255 xi

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