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The fall of the a. of c


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The fall of the a. of c

  1. 1. The Articles of Confederation
  2. 2. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Former colonies needed a form of government. </li></ul><ul><li>What kind would it be? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind did we have before? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind would it be this time? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Weak central government </li></ul><ul><li>States had the most power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is this a good thing?...Bad? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measures passed by Congress, however, required the approval of 9 of the 13 states. </li></ul><ul><li>Each state had the same number of votes…1 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>It could not raise money by collecting taxes; </li></ul><ul><li>it had no control over foreign commerce; </li></ul><ul><li>it could pass laws but could not force the states to comply with them. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, the articles were virtually impossible to amend, so problems could not be corrected. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Several failures illustrated the new governments weakness: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The inability to pay off the debt from the war collectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discord among states who began taxing each other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The government was powerless to put down Shay's Rebellion , a farmers revolt. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Foreign Policy <ul><li>No European Country would support the A. of C. </li></ul><ul><li>Each State had sent Ambassadors to each European country… and they all tried to stab each other in the back! </li></ul><ul><li>We owe $80 Million to them… who pays? ( which was 10 years taxes) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Nobody!! We haven’t been paying our debt…why? </li></ul><ul><li>France wants the payments… </li></ul><ul><li>Trade has NOT improved </li></ul><ul><li>What about King George of England? </li></ul><ul><li>If you lost a country, would you want it back? He did! </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The King was planning on returning to retake the US when he had a rebuilt army. </li></ul><ul><li>France was interested in Canada…and then the US. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain was lurking to our west and south… </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Indians were being used by all other countries to limit our move west. </li></ul><ul><li>England/France gave Indians weapons and paid to keep the western lands free of American settlers. We couldn’t do much about it. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Economy <ul><li>We have a debt. </li></ul><ul><li>14 money systems </li></ul><ul><li>No Gold supply- and $ was based on gold. </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven taxes… Huge in Massachusetts, NONE in Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial war… by England </li></ul>
  11. 11. What Worked… <ul><li>Land Ordinance 1785 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land to be surveyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into Townships 6 x 6 miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>36 sq miles (1 sq mile = 640 acres) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land to be sold $1/acre (640 min) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What Worked… <ul><li>Northwest Ordinances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for adding future states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area north of Ohio River/east of the Miss. River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-5 states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5,000 males = a territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60,000 = state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New states were equal to older ones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No slavery! </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Last Straw <ul><li>Shays Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>If we decided to STOP paying taxes…what would happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Today, the government has the power to compel…the A. of C. didn’t. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine if the government couldn’t enforce a law!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Farmers had to pay taxes in Gold…but were paid for their crops in paper. </li></ul><ul><li>If you didn’t pay.. Debtors prison </li></ul><ul><li>Shays led groups to protect themselves </li></ul><ul><li>They Tarred and feathered tax men </li></ul><ul><li>Freed anyone in Debtors prison </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The A. of C. couldn’t do anything!! </li></ul><ul><li>This “revolt” lasted over a year!! </li></ul><ul><li>What if other people in other states started to do as Shays did? </li></ul><ul><li>The message was that if Shays couldn’t’ be stopped…This was the Death of the A. of C. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 2 Party System <ul><li>The population started to split into 2 groups- the people that LIKED the A. of C. and the people that wanted it removed. </li></ul><ul><li>These people were called the Anti-Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>And the Federalists </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Which group LIKED the A. of C.? </li></ul><ul><li>It makes sense if you think about it. </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists- led by Washington and Hamilton…Adams, Madison… </li></ul><ul><li>Anti Feds- Jefferson. </li></ul>