Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Creation of New Governments


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The Creation of New Governments

  1. 1. The Creation of New Governments AP U.S. History Unit 2
  2. 2. State Constitutions <ul><li>After the collapse of British control in 1775ish, the colonies formed their own state constitutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some kept colonial charters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed the idea that a constitution should be created by a special convention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make constitution superior to legislature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Many states already included bills of rights </li></ul><ul><li>These states did not have unified governments </li></ul>
  3. 3. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>John Dickinson played a leading role in developing this document. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted a strong national government, but by the time Congress finished revising them, they went to the opposite extreme of preserving the sovereignty of the states and created a very weak national government. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Created a unicameral Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state receives one vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unanimous consent of each state was required to amend the Articles. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Good, Bad, and the Ugly/almost destroying everything we fought for!!! <ul><li>The Good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles government was empowered to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make treaties </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine troops and money needed for war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Settle state disputes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Admit new states to the Union </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Borrow money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Bad/Ugly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles government was NOT empowered to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Levy taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise troops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate commerce (trade) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it possible for government to function without these powers?! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Problems with the Articles <ul><li>Ratification was delayed by a disagreement over the future status of the lands that lay to the west of the original 13 states. </li></ul><ul><li>Country suffered from deep financial trouble. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress printed off large amounts of paper money to finance the Revolution-Continentals (led to inflation). </li></ul><ul><li>Took loans from France and the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>A plan to give the Articles the power to tax was stopped by one vote! (Rhode Island) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Newburgh Conspiracy <ul><li>Horatio Gates led movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to use the army to force the states to surrender more power to the national government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington stopped this </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Trans-Appalachian West and the Northwest Ordinance <ul><li>Daniel Boone opened the “Wilderness Road” to Kentucky and Tennessee. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk of violent death by Natives and British who did not leave their military posts after the war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supplied Natives with weapons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Ordinance of 1784 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Territory to statehood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Ordinance of 1785 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Townships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Northwest Ordinance of 1787 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided a bill of rights for settlers and forbade slavery north of the Ohio River. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Jay-Gardoqui Negotiations <ul><li>Economic depression followed the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>John Jay (U.S. secretary of foreign affairs) negotiated with Spanish minister Gardoqui for a treaty that would have grated lucrative commercial privileges in exchange for U.S. acceptance of Spain’s closure of the Mississippi River as an outlet for agricultural goods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>West and South were angered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost broke up the union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty never passed </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>1786 </li></ul><ul><li>Hard times + high taxes intended to pay off the state’s war debt drove Massachusetts farmers into rebellion. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Daniel Shay, they shut down courts to prevent judges from seizing property or condemning people to debtors’ prison for failing to pay taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Created panic-many will feel that a stronger government was needed to control such violent acts. </li></ul>