PURPOSE OF FOLKTALES• Traditional story that tries to explain the world• Passed down from generation to generation• Has a moral or lesson• Reading folktales allows the reader to gain an understanding of the values and traditions of cultures around the world.
ELEMENTS OF FOLKTALES• Folktales are usually about ordinary people and everyday life.• The stories include: setting, characters, and a problem.• The characters are often flat – representing on particular trait such as cleverness• Hyperbole is always found in tall tales.
COMMON FOLKTALE MOTIFS (MOTIF – RECURRING ELEMENT THAT HAS SYMBOLIC SIGNIFICANCE IN A STORY)• Wishes granted • Magic events,• Monsters characters, and• Magic objects objects are part of the story• Use of trickery • One character is• A poor person someone of royalty becomes rich (king, queen,• The numbers 3 and 7 prince…) are significant • One character is• A variety of unwise wicked characters • One character is good
THE FOLKTALE FORMULA• The plot begins quickly• Characters are one sided• Plots move along well-trod paths (predictable)• All questions are answered before the story ends
TYPES OF FOLKTALES• Tales of talking animals• Tales that tell why (pourquoi tales)• Tales of magic• Cumulative tales• Tales of exaggeration or legendary tales
FAMILIAR FOLKTALES• King Midas• Emperor’s New Clothes• The Lion and the MouseWeblink: PBS Kids• The Elephant’s Child• Brer Rabbit• Jack and the Beanstalk