Life in the West <ul><li>Essential Questions:  </li></ul><ul><li>How did the U.S. acquire Western lands? </li></ul><ul><li...
Santa Fe Trail <ul><li>A transportation route connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>It served as...
The Oregon Trail <ul><li>One of the migration routes West </li></ul><ul><li>It helped the United States implement its cult...
Westward by Sea <ul><li>About 15,000 people took this route in 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>For one person the cost was about $6...
The Route From China <ul><li>Most Chinese crossed the ocean in small boats without light or ventilation  </li></ul><ul><li...
Why Did People Move West? <ul><li>The federal government encouraged settlement of the West by offering land at cheap price...
Mining The Frontier <ul><li>Almost immediately after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 settlers began to mine the ne...
Who cares? <ul><li>Why does it matter that we settled the West? </li></ul><ul><li>How might world history be different if ...
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Settling The West (Part #2)

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Settling The West (Part #2)

  1. 1. Life in the West <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How did the U.S. acquire Western lands? </li></ul><ul><li>What was life like on the journey West? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did American settlers choose to go West? </li></ul><ul><li>How did people make the move westward? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did people move west? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Santa Fe Trail <ul><li>A transportation route connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>It served as a vital commercial and military highway until the introduction of the railroad </li></ul><ul><li>It served as the U.S. invasion route of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War </li></ul><ul><li>Was 900 miles of arid plains, desert and mountains </li></ul><ul><li>On this trail there was a serious danger of Indian attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of food and water also made the trail very risky </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Oregon Trail <ul><li>One of the migration routes West </li></ul><ul><li>It helped the United States implement its cultural goal of Manifest Destiny </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To expand the nation from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5 -6 month journey over 2,170 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Independence Rock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A granite rock, approximately 120 feet high, in Wyoming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many settlers carved their names in the granite rock </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1840 there were 13 people in the Oregon territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1844 there were 1,475 people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1853-54 there were 13,500 people </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Westward by Sea <ul><li>About 15,000 people took this route in 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>For one person the cost was about $600 to over $1,200 </li></ul><ul><li>Panama Route </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was 75 miles up the Chagres River, then 25 miles by mule to Panama City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow Fever, and Malaria were common on this route </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cape Horn Route </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ships were often pulled to far south toward the Antarctic </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Route From China <ul><li>Most Chinese crossed the ocean in small boats without light or ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of the 4 to 8 week voyage by steamer from Canton to San Francisco was $50 </li></ul><ul><li>Most Chinese immigrants entered California through the port of San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Many Chinese were part of a larger exodus from China searching for better economic opportunities and fleeing a situation of political corruption </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why Did People Move West? <ul><li>The federal government encouraged settlement of the West by offering land at cheap prices </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers were looking to start a new life after and during the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>New discoveries helped pull people towards western lands </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization helped facilitate the movement westward </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mining The Frontier <ul><li>Almost immediately after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 settlers began to mine the newly acquired territory </li></ul><ul><li>Over the next few years, hundreds of thousands of people crossed the continent in search of deposits of mineral deposits…precious stones, ore, silver…gold </li></ul><ul><li>The rush overwhelmed the Native American peoples already living in California </li></ul><ul><li>White settlers took land claims from Hispanics and killed many Native Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1848, along the American River, the world would change the world forever </li></ul>
  8. 8. Who cares? <ul><li>Why does it matter that we settled the West? </li></ul><ul><li>How might world history be different if the United States looked like this? </li></ul>

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