How can social economy contribute to local development
Shaping a New Global Reality: The Rise of Asia and its Implications The Eighth Annual Global Development Conference of the Global Development Network January 12 – 19, 2007 Beijing, China How can social economy contribute to local development? The little community that could Barka F oundation
Background information <ul><li>SWOT analysis </li></ul><ul><li>WEAK SIDES </li></ul><ul><li>Weak society’s preparation to the free market economy and democracy, lack of financial support , legal regulations and lack of citizens’ society’s structures; </li></ul><ul><li>Societal stagnancy and lack of co-operation at administrative, private and individual levels ; </li></ul><ul><li>L ack of entrepreneurial activities traditions; </li></ul><ul><li>Passive welfare approaches, lack of re-socialization programs; </li></ul><ul><li>Unbeneficial changes in the situation of many people, who were not prepared to the political and economic transformation (homelessness as result of evictions and liquidation of workers hotels, long term unemployment , closure of unprofitable companies, addictions as result of worsening life conditions, increase of violence); </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of educational programmes for staff education in the area of social economy , etc. </li></ul>
Background information <ul><li>SWOT analysis </li></ul><ul><li>STRONG SIDES : </li></ul><ul><li>Entry into a free market economy and democracy created possibilities for search of new solutions; </li></ul><ul><li>Relief for the financial strain on the national system of social welfare can be found through the social economy; </li></ul><ul><li>L eaders determination to shape a new social policy in Poland and c reat e an alternative system of support ; </li></ul><ul><li>T he EU enlargement process emphasizes the strengthening of citizens society initiatives and development of active forms of support to s ocially excluded people, as well as the development of human resources through financial instruments, mainly the EFS. </li></ul>
Background information HOMELESSNESS, ADDICTIONS, DELINQUENCY, PASSIVITY: 1st step - communities creation ; LACK OF SKILLS : 2nd step - socio-educational programme, which gave the basis for the creation of the act on social employment ; LACK OF LEGAL REGULATIONS : 3rd step - work places creation programme and social entrepreneurship - Barka prepared a proposal of a new legislation to obtain legal recognition of social cooperatives – law on social cooperatives ; SHORTAGE, O VERCROWDED AND DAMP HOUSING : 4th step - housing programme - an example of public-social and public-private partnerships - act on activities of public benefit and volunteerism (in which the Barka Foundation participated as consultant) and act on financial support in the period 2004-200 6 for creation of social housing, shelters and hostels for the homeless
Background information <ul><li>E xisting support structures </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society’s involvement and volunteerism – </li></ul><ul><li>A ct on A ctivities of P ublic B enefit and V olunteerism </li></ul><ul><li>Social Integration Centres – trade training and general </li></ul><ul><li>education for long term unemployed people (about 30 </li></ul><ul><li>centres) - Law on Social Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Clubs of Social Integration – groups of support and </li></ul><ul><li>education </li></ul><ul><li>Social cooperatives and social enterprises - Law on Social </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperatives </li></ul>
Partnership structure 1. Barka Foundation for Mutual Help ( project coordinator & international cooperation & promotion ) 2. Barka-Kofoed School Association - Social Integration Centre ( training programs ) 3. Social Emergency Association (selection of final beneficiaries and their involvement) 4. Association for Social Cooperatives ( CES Poznan - big city ) 5. Polish Alliance for Social Integration (support for local partnership’s building) 6. Barka Sport Association for Social Integration (social integration of final beneficiaries) 7. WIELKOPOMOC Association for Integration of Local Communities (work with participants ) 8. Barka Association for Social Integration - SIW Barka ( work with participants ) 9. Barka Community House Foundation in Drezdenko ( CES Drezdenko – small town ) 10. Regional Socio-Educational Centre Association „ For the People and the Environment ” ( CES Kwilcz – countryside province ) 11. Publishing Association ( project romotion and social integration activities in Clubs) 12. The rural Kwilcz Commune (promotion of activities undertaken by CES Kwilcz) 13. Institute of Political Studies PAN-Polish Academy of Sciences ( m onitoring and evaluation) 14. MaroonPoint Poland (project’s website and IT training to final beneficiaries)
Social Economy in Practice <ul><li>A n alysis of needs for support </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN OBJECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration of a system of support to social economy initiatives to promote changes of the social status of socially excluded persons in three diverse local environments: </li></ul><ul><li>Big city ( CES Poznań ), </li></ul><ul><li>Small town ( CES Drezdenko Lubuskie region), </li></ul><ul><li>Rural district ( CES Kwilcz – Wielkopolska region). </li></ul>
Social Economy in Practice <ul><li>A nalysis of needs for support </li></ul><ul><li>TWO MAIN RESULTS: </li></ul><ul><li>A model structure of support to social economy bodies – SOCIAL ECONOMY CENTRES (SEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanism for local partnerships building. The tool is the education of leaders in the framework of social economy. </li></ul>
Social Economy in Practice Specific objectives: Objective 1 : Implementation of diverse forms of local cooperation and programmes of socio-professional integration through building of six local partnerships. Objective 2 : Preparation of social economy leaders staff (workers of social economy bodies and people experienced by poverty) through elaboration and implementation of a program of continuous education in the framework of self-educational groups. Objective 3 : Creation and development of effective mechanisms of support to persons entering the work market through creation of three model Social Economy Centres and support to creation of social cooperatives and social enterprises. Objective 4 : Promotion of an efficient understanding between the partners and creation of a mechanism for the promotion of the project through construction of an efficient IT system.
S upport structures (local level) Long term unemployed people OPEN LABOUR MARKET People not qualified to participate in the Social Integration Centre HOUSING Social Cooperatives SOCIAL ECONOMY CENTRE Social Integration Centre Hostels & Community houses for homeless Social Economy in Practice
Hostels & Community houses for homeless Social Economy in Practice
Social Integration Centre Social Economy in Practice
Social Cooperatives Social Economy in Practice RURAL AREAS
Social Economy in Practice URBAN AREAS Social Cooperatives
HOUSING Social Economy in Practice ABOVE: The Darzybor Settlement (Poznan) planned for 100 houses for about 400-500 persons (100 families). The first stage of 32 dwellings was delivered to the first families at the beginning of 2006. RIGHT: Renovated buildings in Chudopczyce bought in raw conditions.
S upport structures (internal) SOCIAL ECONOMY CENTRE Recruitment and information agency JOB AGENCY Vocational counseling and training agency DEVELOPMENT AGENCY AID FUND Social Economy in Practice
Social Economy in Practice T arget population : 1st GROUP : socially excluded people or threatened by exclusion: unemployed people, homeless, released from prisons, leaving orphanages and correctional houses, addicted and people without any income 2nd GROUP : workers of institutions of social support, local admnistration, NGOs, social animators, representatives of housing settlements’ councils, parishes, educational institutions, housing cooperatives, trade unions, entrepreneurs, social enterprises’ staff, media representatives and leaders of partner organizations.
Social Economy in Practice <ul><li>A nalysis of labour market </li></ul><ul><li>DEMAND: </li></ul><ul><li>Young people with experience; </li></ul><ul><li>People with low educational level: care for the handicapped and the elderly; children’s care; cleaning, gardening and building services; printing office; ecologic food; cemeteries/graves cleaning; recycling and sale of second hand goods </li></ul><ul><li>OFFER: </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial working experience for young people in positions requiring high level education; </li></ul><ul><li>For people with low educational level we offer on-the-job training and employment in : gastronomy/catering, commerce, ecologic food and herbs’ cultivation, preserves produce, recreation (running of a vacation centre at the Baltic coast beach and a public lake beach space with rent of aquatic equipment), recycling (second hand clothing, furniture, scrap metals), gardening, public and green spaces cleaning, rickshaws, small printing office, etc. </li></ul>
Networks & relationships Housing cooperatives Parishes Inhabitants’ councils Businesses District work offices NGOs Social cooperatives Educational institutions Local authority welfare office LOCAL PARTNERSHIPS SOCIAL ECONOMY LEADERS EDUCATION Social Economy Centre Social Economy in Practice
Networks & relationships FEANTSA European Federation of National Organizations working with the Homeless EAPN European Anti-Poverty Network Schwab Foundation for Outstanding Social Entrepreneurs ASHOKA Innovators for the Public BARKA FOUNDATION GDN – Global Development Network EuroMI European Network for Migrants Integration Social Economy in Practice TP SETEN Social Enterprises Trade European Network TP IFIPO Italy+FInland+Poland Educational programs Social Economy in Practice
Social Economy in Practice <ul><li>H uman resources (key staff) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>development agents : 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trainers : 50 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guidance and counselling : 20 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information officers : 20 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>financial and legal experts : 20 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>public national financial resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>own resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>i n-kind donations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>private resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical premises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BUILDINGS (hostels, communities) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EDUCATIONAL: Social Integration Centres, Social Economy Centres, conference centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC BUILDINGS (rural and urban areas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOTEL, RECREATION CENTRES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OFFICES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOUSING WITH EQUIPMENT (community houses, re-adaptation flats, housing settlement) </li></ul></ul>
Present activities The street paper „Gazeta Uliczna” is a bi-monthly magazine with socio-cultural profile, devoted to social economy issues. GU is member of the INSP - International Network of Street Papers and partner of the Big Issue from Scotland. The magazine is sold on the streets by the homeless and unemployed people, who earn 50% of the income from the sale. This system gives the possibility to its vendors to earn money while they are up-grading their vocational skills and searching for permanent employment. Promotion of the street paper in the Poznan City Hall.
Present activities The project is aimed at providing assistance to “work migrants” who fail to find employment, end up on the streets and are subject to quick degradation processes in the countries of destination . http://www.euromi.info/euromi_eng.html
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION ! Barbara and Tomasz Sadowski Please visit our websites: www.barka.org.pl www.ces.net.pl http://www.euromi.info/euromi_eng.html