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The Civil Society and its role into the
European Union policies.
The sport organisations framework

Local citizens Panel
Tirana. Albania, May 7th-9th 2010


Toni Llop
President of CESS
Introduction: framework

                 3rd sector /
                 civil society /
                 social economy:

                      -community sector
                      -voluntary sector
                      -non profit...
summary
-   Introduction
-   Civil society definition (features, origin,
    figures)
-   European Union and civil society
    (principles, civil dialogue, consultantion…)
-   White Paper on Sport
-   Opportunities and weaknesses
Definition (1)
  There is no commonly accepted or legal definition of the term:
  'civil society organisation'

Civil Society is composed of the totality of voluntary civic
  and social organizations and institutions that form the
  basis of a functioning society as opposed to the force-
  backed structures of a state (regardless of that state's
  political system) and commercial institutions of the
  market. www.wikipedia.org
Civil Society: Civil society refers to the arena of uncoerced
  collective action around shared interests, purposes and
  values. In theory, its institutional forms are distinct from
  those of the state, family and market, though in practice,
  the boundaries between state, civil society, family and
  market are complex and negociated.
  www.traditionalknowledge.info
Definition (2)
Civil Society: The collective action of civic, service
  and social organizations and citizens working
  outside the realm of the state to advance their vision
  of the common good. www.partners.net

Civil society – a society where individuals cooperate
  with other individuals and with public authority in
  tackling their individual and social problems. The
  civil society also ensures representation of those
  interests groups which cannot represent themselves
  by using economic and political means of influence.
  www.mk.gov.lv
Features
-   Collective action (uncoerced)
-   Voluntary sense
-   Shared interest
-   Opposed to the political system (state) and
    commercial institutions
-   Cooperation between individuals
-   Ensures representation
Why did it appear ?
-   Political chance of role of the States
    Reallocation of responsibilities between state and society (Guiddens, 1998)
    Non profit and governmental partnership (Salomon, Anheier, 1998)
- Significant growth of middle class
- Demographic development (baby boomers). New demand
  of services
- New structure of the economy: services sector
  development (post industrial age)
- Make-up of local communities
- Role played by churches (charity) and other faith-based
  organisations
- Apparition of new forms of work and organisations
  (mutualism, cooperatives, …
Some figures
In 1995… (www.tercersector.net)...
-Third sector represents the 4,6% of world
  GDP (eight economy in the world)
-working areas: education: 30%,
 health:20%, social services:18%, recreation
 and culture: 14%
-revenue: fee and services provided: 49%,
 public sector: 40%, donations: 11%
European Union and
Civil Society: principles
- The Commission wants to consult interested parties on
  the widest possible basis and to ensure that every
  interested party, irrespective of size or financial backing,
  is given the opportunity of being heard.
- It must be clear to the general public what input the
  interest groups provide and how they seek to participate
  in EU policy development. In particular, it must be clear
  whom they represent, what their mission is and how they
  are funded.
- In March 2007 the Commission adopted a
  Communication on the Follow-up to the Green Paper
  'European Transparency Initiative' , to give more
  transparency to the framework in which lobby groups
  and civil society organisations operate.
European Union and
Civil Society: Civil Dialogue
  “Is the ongoing and structured conversation
  that policy-makers maintain with the
  organisations of civil society”
  Advisory bodies in the EU:
- European Economic and Social Committee
- Committee of the regions
European Union and Civil Society:
Consultation objectives
-To ensure that interested parties are heard
properly in the policy-making process.
-The Commission applies the principle of
openness. Everybody must be able to
provide the Commission with input.
-In order to improve transparency in its
relations with interest representatives, the
Commission set up in Spring 2008 a
voluntary register for interest representatives.
On 5/3/10, there were 2700 interest representatives in
the register.
From the social dialogue to the
White Paper on Sport (7/2007)
-introduction
-societal role of sport
-economic dimension of sport
-the organisation of sport
-follow up
-conclusion
European Union and Civil Society:
Consultation process
- Interested parties are consulted through
  different tools, such as Green and White
  Papers, communications, consultation
  documents, advisory committees, expert
  groups and ad-hoc consultations. Consultation
  via the Internet is common practice. Often,
  consultation is a combination of different tools
  and takes place in several phases during the
  preparation of the proposal.
From the social dialogue to the
White Paper on Sport (7/2007)
- “Sport is a growing social and economic
  phenomenon which makes an important
  contribution to the European Union's strategic
  objectives of solidarity and prosperity”
- "The European institutions have recognised the
  specificity of the role sport plays in European
  society, based on volunteer-driven structures, in
  terms of health, education, social integration,
  and culture”
Societal role of sport
-Enhancing public health through physical activity
-Joining forces in the fight against doping
-Enhancing the role of sport in education and training
-Promoting volunteering and active citizenship
through sport
-Using the potential of sport for social inclusion
integration and equal opportunities
-Strengthening the prevention of and fight against
racism and violence
-Sharing our values with other parts of the world
-Supporting sustainable development
The economic dimension of sport
- Sport is a dynamic and fast-growing sector with an
  underestimated macro-economic impact, and can contribute to
  the Lisbon objectives of growth and job creation. It can serve
  as a tool for local and regional development, urban
  regeneration or rural development. Sport has synergies with
  tourism and can stimulate the upgrading of infrastructure and
  the emergence of new partnerships for financing sport and
  leisure facilities.
- A study presented during the Austrian Presidency in 2006
  suggested that sport in a broader sense generated value-
  added of 407 billion euros in 2004, accounting for 3.7% of EU
  GDP, and employment for 15 million people or 5.4% of the
  labour force. This contribution of sport should be made more
  visible and promoted in EU policies
- Sports financing (fess, gambling, merchandising, rights…
The organisation of sport
-Specificity of sport
-Free movement
-Transfers
-Players agents
-Protection of minors
-Corruption, money laundering and other forms of
financial crime
-Licensing systems fort clubs
-Media
Follow-up
 Structured dialogue
 Cooperation with member States
 Social dialogue


             CONCLUSION:
    “Pierre de Coubertin” Action Plan
                53 actions
Treaty of Lisbon
Article 165 (0fficial Journal of the European Union 9.5.2008)
- “Individual members will be encouraged to
  implement evidences-based policies in order to
  improve their provision of sporting facilities and
  opportunities.”
- “The EU is actively aiming to promote sport and
  Physical Activity at the policy level… also to
  enhance the role that sport can play in boosting
  social cohesion and for its educational value.”
Special Eurobarometer (oct’09)
- Commissioned by EC’s Directorate General for
  Education and Culture (DG EAC)
- 26,788 European citizens were interviewed
- Emphasis in the context in which people
  exercise
- Some answers:
    - 40% citizens play sport one per week
    - 67% do spontaneous activity (no clubs, no centres
    structure)
    - 61% do exercise for improve their health
Civil society in sport: weaknesses
-   Financing (self financing)
-   Decision making process
-   Innovation: activities and management
    model
-   Social chances: sedentary habits
-   Apparition of competitors (open market)
-   Communication skills (technologies, social
    net… )
Civil society in sport: opportunities
-   EU Legal framework (Lisbon Treaty, White
    Paper on sport, …
-   Social chances and new demand of
    services: demographic, cultural…
-   Development of the social demand
-   Potential alliances and partnership (public
    and private sector)
…each wall has a way to be climbed



 Thank you for your attention

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Sport and cultures in dialogue. local citizens panel tirana (may 7th 9th) 2010

  • 1. The Civil Society and its role into the European Union policies. The sport organisations framework Local citizens Panel Tirana. Albania, May 7th-9th 2010 Toni Llop President of CESS
  • 2. Introduction: framework 3rd sector / civil society / social economy: -community sector -voluntary sector -non profit...
  • 3. summary - Introduction - Civil society definition (features, origin, figures) - European Union and civil society (principles, civil dialogue, consultantion…) - White Paper on Sport - Opportunities and weaknesses
  • 4. Definition (1) There is no commonly accepted or legal definition of the term: 'civil society organisation' Civil Society is composed of the totality of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions that form the basis of a functioning society as opposed to the force- backed structures of a state (regardless of that state's political system) and commercial institutions of the market. www.wikipedia.org Civil Society: Civil society refers to the arena of uncoerced collective action around shared interests, purposes and values. In theory, its institutional forms are distinct from those of the state, family and market, though in practice, the boundaries between state, civil society, family and market are complex and negociated. www.traditionalknowledge.info
  • 5. Definition (2) Civil Society: The collective action of civic, service and social organizations and citizens working outside the realm of the state to advance their vision of the common good. www.partners.net Civil society – a society where individuals cooperate with other individuals and with public authority in tackling their individual and social problems. The civil society also ensures representation of those interests groups which cannot represent themselves by using economic and political means of influence. www.mk.gov.lv
  • 6. Features - Collective action (uncoerced) - Voluntary sense - Shared interest - Opposed to the political system (state) and commercial institutions - Cooperation between individuals - Ensures representation
  • 7. Why did it appear ? - Political chance of role of the States Reallocation of responsibilities between state and society (Guiddens, 1998) Non profit and governmental partnership (Salomon, Anheier, 1998) - Significant growth of middle class - Demographic development (baby boomers). New demand of services - New structure of the economy: services sector development (post industrial age) - Make-up of local communities - Role played by churches (charity) and other faith-based organisations - Apparition of new forms of work and organisations (mutualism, cooperatives, …
  • 8. Some figures In 1995… (www.tercersector.net)... -Third sector represents the 4,6% of world GDP (eight economy in the world) -working areas: education: 30%, health:20%, social services:18%, recreation and culture: 14% -revenue: fee and services provided: 49%, public sector: 40%, donations: 11%
  • 9. European Union and Civil Society: principles - The Commission wants to consult interested parties on the widest possible basis and to ensure that every interested party, irrespective of size or financial backing, is given the opportunity of being heard. - It must be clear to the general public what input the interest groups provide and how they seek to participate in EU policy development. In particular, it must be clear whom they represent, what their mission is and how they are funded. - In March 2007 the Commission adopted a Communication on the Follow-up to the Green Paper 'European Transparency Initiative' , to give more transparency to the framework in which lobby groups and civil society organisations operate.
  • 10. European Union and Civil Society: Civil Dialogue “Is the ongoing and structured conversation that policy-makers maintain with the organisations of civil society” Advisory bodies in the EU: - European Economic and Social Committee - Committee of the regions
  • 11. European Union and Civil Society: Consultation objectives -To ensure that interested parties are heard properly in the policy-making process. -The Commission applies the principle of openness. Everybody must be able to provide the Commission with input. -In order to improve transparency in its relations with interest representatives, the Commission set up in Spring 2008 a voluntary register for interest representatives.
  • 12. On 5/3/10, there were 2700 interest representatives in the register.
  • 13. From the social dialogue to the White Paper on Sport (7/2007) -introduction -societal role of sport -economic dimension of sport -the organisation of sport -follow up -conclusion
  • 14. European Union and Civil Society: Consultation process - Interested parties are consulted through different tools, such as Green and White Papers, communications, consultation documents, advisory committees, expert groups and ad-hoc consultations. Consultation via the Internet is common practice. Often, consultation is a combination of different tools and takes place in several phases during the preparation of the proposal.
  • 15. From the social dialogue to the White Paper on Sport (7/2007) - “Sport is a growing social and economic phenomenon which makes an important contribution to the European Union's strategic objectives of solidarity and prosperity” - "The European institutions have recognised the specificity of the role sport plays in European society, based on volunteer-driven structures, in terms of health, education, social integration, and culture”
  • 16. Societal role of sport -Enhancing public health through physical activity -Joining forces in the fight against doping -Enhancing the role of sport in education and training -Promoting volunteering and active citizenship through sport -Using the potential of sport for social inclusion integration and equal opportunities -Strengthening the prevention of and fight against racism and violence -Sharing our values with other parts of the world -Supporting sustainable development
  • 17. The economic dimension of sport - Sport is a dynamic and fast-growing sector with an underestimated macro-economic impact, and can contribute to the Lisbon objectives of growth and job creation. It can serve as a tool for local and regional development, urban regeneration or rural development. Sport has synergies with tourism and can stimulate the upgrading of infrastructure and the emergence of new partnerships for financing sport and leisure facilities. - A study presented during the Austrian Presidency in 2006 suggested that sport in a broader sense generated value- added of 407 billion euros in 2004, accounting for 3.7% of EU GDP, and employment for 15 million people or 5.4% of the labour force. This contribution of sport should be made more visible and promoted in EU policies - Sports financing (fess, gambling, merchandising, rights…
  • 18. The organisation of sport -Specificity of sport -Free movement -Transfers -Players agents -Protection of minors -Corruption, money laundering and other forms of financial crime -Licensing systems fort clubs -Media
  • 19. Follow-up Structured dialogue Cooperation with member States Social dialogue CONCLUSION: “Pierre de Coubertin” Action Plan 53 actions
  • 20. Treaty of Lisbon Article 165 (0fficial Journal of the European Union 9.5.2008) - “Individual members will be encouraged to implement evidences-based policies in order to improve their provision of sporting facilities and opportunities.” - “The EU is actively aiming to promote sport and Physical Activity at the policy level… also to enhance the role that sport can play in boosting social cohesion and for its educational value.”
  • 21. Special Eurobarometer (oct’09) - Commissioned by EC’s Directorate General for Education and Culture (DG EAC) - 26,788 European citizens were interviewed - Emphasis in the context in which people exercise - Some answers: - 40% citizens play sport one per week - 67% do spontaneous activity (no clubs, no centres structure) - 61% do exercise for improve their health
  • 22. Civil society in sport: weaknesses - Financing (self financing) - Decision making process - Innovation: activities and management model - Social chances: sedentary habits - Apparition of competitors (open market) - Communication skills (technologies, social net… )
  • 23. Civil society in sport: opportunities - EU Legal framework (Lisbon Treaty, White Paper on sport, … - Social chances and new demand of services: demographic, cultural… - Development of the social demand - Potential alliances and partnership (public and private sector)
  • 24. …each wall has a way to be climbed Thank you for your attention