William Randolph Hearst 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Used his influence to agitate was in Spain when Cubans rebelled against Spanish rule. Although running for Mayor of New York City, Governor of New York, and Lieutenant Governor of New York proved unsuccessful, his role in the media gained him enormous political influence. Founding a large newspaper empire allowed him to fund the construction of his beautiful castle in San Simeon.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue His uncle built the West Wing of the White House in 1902 with a special room for reporters. During the Great Depression, he soothed America’s panic by broadcasting “Fireside Chats” by radio. He shared a “gentleman’s agreement” with the press, keeping them from photographing him below the waist.
CNN 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue When public confidence in the press decreased between 1985 and 189, it was considered by many as the most reliable source of political news. America’s first all-news television network and a place that programs such as “Larry King Live” call home. It’s success made a mogul of founder, Ted Turner.
Prior Restraint 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue An idea developed by William Blackstone in his Commentaries , published in 1765 Freedom from censorship or rules telling a newspaper in advance what it can publish.
Libel 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue In order to win this sort of case, one must be able to prove “actual malice” It’s spoken alternative is known as slander. A written statement that defames the character of another person.
Shield’s Law 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue In 1972, the Court said that Congress and state legislatures have these rights. More than half of states have passed these laws to protect press. Journalists’ rights not to reveal the sources of their information if tried in court.
TIME 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue In 1984, Israeli, General Arial Sharon’s libel suit against it could not be proven as malice. First published in 1923 and designed to keep the “busy man” well informed. Its signature red border was introduced in 1927 and changed just three times since.
FCC 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue In 1996, it approved the plan of big TV networks to limit free TV time to “major candidates.” Its creation was described by The Telecommunications Act of 1996 as “for the purpose of the national defense” and “for promoting safety of life and property through the use of wire and radio communication.” This independent agency was established by the Communications Act of 1934 and is charged with “regulating interstate and international commerce by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable.”
Censorship 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue In in case dealing with this government activity, the New York Times won against the Supreme Court attempts to prevent the publishing of the Pentagon Papers. The government practiced this during World War I and World War II to preserve military secrets. Defined as to examining media in order to suppress or delete anything considered objectionable.
Dwight D. Eisenhower 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue During his era in politics, he did his best to address America’s biggest concerns, The Korean War, corruption in government, and the high cost of living. He became the first presidential candidate to use television commercials to promote his campaign. Paraphernalia such as pins and dresses featured the slogan of his supporters,“I like Ike.”