APUSH Truman Domestic and Foreign

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APUSH Truman Domestic and Foreign

  1. 1. TRUMAN PRESIDENCY 1945-53
  2. 2. FOREIGN POLICY <ul><li>Iron Curtain </li></ul><ul><li>Germany divided, Berlin Airlift </li></ul><ul><li>Containment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Kennan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domino Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dean Acheson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truman Doctrine-MILITARY AID! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece, Turkey $400 m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marshall Plan- $$$ AID!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$13 Billion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Security Act </li></ul><ul><li>NATO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portugal, Britain, France, Italy, Norway, Turkey, Algeria… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic Aid </li></ul><ul><li>CIA </li></ul><ul><li>Deterrence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop atomic, hydrogen bombs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cold War Begins </li></ul><ul><li>Containment Strategy </li></ul>
  3. 3. TRUMAN DOMESTIC – FAIR DEAL FAILURES <ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackie Robinson 1947 BB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ralph Bunche – Nobel Peace Prize 1950 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gwendolyn Brooks – Poet, Chicago Defender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Military desegregated – victory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Act 1949 – 800,000 units for poor </li></ul><ul><li>Education Aid denied </li></ul><ul><li>Economy – salaries up 23%, costs up 36% </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Aid denied </li></ul>
  4. 4. TRUMAN DOMESTIC <ul><li>G.I. Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low interest loans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VA Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment pay $20 week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taft-Hartley Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolished “closed shop” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NLRB stronger to prevent unfair labor practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exec could impose 80 day cooling off period – emergency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union leaders swear not communists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Walter – McCarren Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends a band on immigration and citizenship for Asians and Japanese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Security extended to reach 10 million more people </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum wage increase .40 to .75 in 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Deal </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Deal continued </li></ul>
  5. 5. RED SCARE - MCCARTHYISM <ul><li>House Un-American Activities Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate internal subcommittee order citizens to testify past/present associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alger Hiss – Richard Nixon as CA congressman goes after Hiss. 2 years in prison for perjury, accuser was Whittacker Chambers (CPUSA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Julius & Ethel Rosenberg – accused by David & Ruth Green, spies of atomic secrets, convicted, and put to death of espionage in 1953 </li></ul></ul>

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