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Planet of slums


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Planet of slums

  1. 1. Planet of Slums By Austin Kruisheer
  2. 2. Urbanization <ul><li>The number of cities is constantly growing. </li></ul><ul><li>2/3rds of the global population lives in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>The population in the countryside has peaked and will begin to decline in 2020. </li></ul><ul><li>2050-expected population peak at 10 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization occurs much faster in 3 rd world countries. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Rise of Slums <ul><li>The reproduction of poverty in the countryside moves people to the cities, not the promise of jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>The poor turn to building their “houses”. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1970,slum growth has outpaced urbanization. </li></ul><ul><li>India and Africa see major slum growth. </li></ul><ul><li>The cities of the future will be made of crude brick and recycled materials not steel and glass. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Slums <ul><li>Defined as “an area of dirty back streets, especially when inhabited by a squalid and criminal population” </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized by overcrowding, poor housing, insecurity and inadequate facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>The populations of slums largely go under recorded. </li></ul><ul><li>Many slum dwellers live on less than $2 a day. </li></ul><ul><li>The location of slums in relation to wealthy cities differs from country to country. </li></ul><ul><li>Many individuals squat on public lands as they can’t afford any official housing. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Slum Ecology <ul><li>Slums are often located on geologically dangerous lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Fires present the greatest danger for inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to dangerous factories often expose residents to toxins. </li></ul><ul><li>Most 3 rd world slums have huge pollution problems. </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of facilities results in massive amounts of human waste causing epidemics. </li></ul><ul><li>Death in children is common due to the deplorable conditions. </li></ul>Due to a lack of facilities, a man resorts to defecating in an open sewer
  6. 6. Exploitation <ul><li>Child labor restrictions are widely ignored in slum areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Children play a vital role in family revenue. </li></ul><ul><li>Varanasi (India) over 200,000 kids under 14 years old work in factories producing cloth goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Many parents sell their children to companies for small sums of money. </li></ul><ul><li>Many adults have resorted to becoming human pack animals driving rickshaws or peddle cabs. </li></ul><ul><li>The organ trade has flourished in some Indian slums. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Faces of Slums <ul><li>Slums are home to over one billion people who struggle to survive in a world of despair. </li></ul>