Slums In India


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Slums In India

  1. 1. Communication Skills Condition of Slums in India
  2. 2. What are slums? <ul><li>“Habitations located on disputed as well as unused government, municipal and private land and characterized by a serious lack of basic amenities and sanitation with dense and overcrowded housing conditions. </li></ul>
  3. 4. In other words… <ul><li>A Slum is taken to mean ‘hutting areas with squalid surroundings where: </li></ul><ul><li>Huts are erected in a haphazard manner without proper access. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum basic amenities are lacking </li></ul><ul><li>Protected water supply and drainage arrangements do not exist. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Reasons of slums: Slums Change in agricultural scenario No prospects in rural areas Bigger opportunities in cities Preference on labor market than agriculture
  5. 6. Results of Slums Slums = Poverty Poor Living conditions No Education Very poor hygiene conditions Poor health care
  6. 7. Facts reveals that: <ul><li>Slum Population all over </li></ul><ul><li>India is 40,297,341 (40 million). </li></ul><ul><li>4% of total Indian population lives in slums </li></ul><ul><li>Almost quarter of Indian metro cities live in slums. </li></ul><ul><li>Sadly 5 million of this population are young children ( 0-6 age group ). </li></ul>
  7. 8. Occupation in slums <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Figures in % are proportion of all earners across India. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>4.36  State government employment  7.19  Union government employment 3.74  Non-earners 5.71  Self-employed professional and worker 0.42  Wage labor and other than own account workers 4.46  Business 0.15  Non-government salaried employment : 0.96  Self-employed in primary sector activities:
  8. 9. Slum Population in 4 Metros in India
  9. 10. Alarming growth of Slums in India
  10. 11. 55 % Mumbai, 44 % Meerut, 40 % of Pune : India’s top list on slum population
  11. 12. Pune : The growing city of slums <ul><li>Total Area : 244 </li></ul><ul><li>Population : 15 Lakh approx </li></ul><ul><li>Population in slums : 6 Lakh </li></ul><ul><li>Encroachment of slums : 6% (15 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Total growth in slum population in the city since 1991 is 176%. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Initiatives.. <ul><li>Different Governments have different ways to handle the problem of growing slums. </li></ul><ul><li>Various NGOs are also taking initiatives to help govt in dealing with this issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies like Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) plan the Rehabilitation of the slums in metros. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Solutions
  14. 15. Short term <ul><li>Rehabilitation of major slums in better hygienic places </li></ul><ul><li>Re construction of the middle level slums in the same area with proper drainage system and water supply. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of basic amenities, medical and health care, education to eradicate poverty completely. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Long term <ul><li>The objective should be to reduce the migration from rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing the basic amenities and better opportunities in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging agricultural and small scale industries. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Presented by </li></ul><ul><li>Nupur Saha </li></ul><ul><li>Swati Chhabra </li></ul><ul><li>Sunita Sharma </li></ul><ul><li>Ruchira Sharma </li></ul>