A slum is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security Although their characteristics vary between geographic regions, they are usually inhabited by the very poor or socially disadvantaged. Slum buildings vary from simple shacks to permanent and well-maintained structures. Most slums lack clean water, electricity, sanitation and other basic services introduction
<ul><li>Many governments around the world have attempted to solve the problems of slums by clearing away old decrepit housing and replacing it with modern housing with much better sanitation. The displacement of slums is aided by the fact that many are squatter settlements whose property rights are not recognized by the state. </li></ul>ways adopted to solve the problems
The lack of infrastructure is caused by the informal nature of settlement and no planning for the poor by government officials why are there slums?
<ul><li>Slums are settlements (sometimes illegal or unauthorized) of impoverished people who live in improvised dwellings made from scrap materials: often plywood , corrugated metal , and sheets of plastic . Shantytowns, which are usually built on the periphery of cities, often do not have proper sanitation , electricity , or telephone services. </li></ul>what are slums?
<ul><li>The largest shanty town in Asia is the Orangi Township in Karachi , Pakistan , while the largest in Africa is Kibera in Nairobi , Kenya . Another large shanty town is Dharavi in Mumbai , India which houses over 1 million people. With this many shanty towns (slums) available, development will be affected in most countries </li></ul>where are shanty towns located?
<ul><li>Since construction is informal and unguided by urban planning, there is a near total absence of formal street grids , numbered streets, sanitation networks, electricity , or telephones . Even if these resources are present, they are likely to be disorganized, old or inferior. This hinders development. </li></ul>dangers
<ul><li>Many academics have vigorously criticized UN-Habitat and the World Bank arguing that their 'Cities Without Slums' Campaign has led directly to a massive increase in forced evictions. </li></ul>who do they blame? One billion people worldwide live in slums and the figure will likely grow to 2 billion by 2030 how many people live in slums?