[GPATS 2013] Torbjörn Fredriksson - PROMOTING THE ICT SECTOR: The Importance of Internationally Comparable Data


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[GPATS 2013] Torbjörn Fredriksson - PROMOTING THE ICT SECTOR: The Importance of Internationally Comparable Data

  1. 1. PROMOTING THE ICT SECTOR The Importance of Internationally Comparable Data Torbjörn Fredriksson Chief, ICT Analysis Section, UNCTAD Measuring the IT Industry Globally GPATS, Sao Paulo, Brazil 13 November 2013
  2. 2. UNCTAD Work on ICT4D Three pillars  Research and analysis  Information Economy Report  Stand alone studies  Technical assistance  Measuring the information economy  Reviewing national ICT policies  Strengthening cyberlaw frameworks  Consensus-building and collaboration 2
  3. 3. Collaboration Within UN system and Beyond  UN Group on the Information Society (UNGIS)  UNCTAD Vice-chair  30 member organizations  Co-organizer of the annual WSIS Forum/WSIS+10 Review  Lead facilitator of Action Line C7 on E-business  Secretariat of the CSTD  Follow-up to the WSIS  Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development  Member of Steering Committee  Responsible for information economy indicators 3
  4. 4. Why Promote the ICT sector?  Vibrant ICT sectors contribute to jobs, innovation, exports and GDP growth o Kenya: ICT sector accounted for 24% of total GDP growth since 2000 o India: ICT sector grew at over 20% annually since 2000 o Cameroon: Growth was 15-46% per year from 2000  Local ICT capabilities needed to sustain ICT use throughout economy and society  Within ICT sector, software and IT services offer the most promising opportunities in low- and middle-income countries
  5. 5. Software is Everywhere “ Growing emphasis on ICTs in the delivery of government, healthcare, education and other goods and services demands customized applications. Countries therefore need the capacity to adopt, adapt and develop relevant software. BAN Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General
  6. 6. Software Sector Opportunities  Low capital barriers to entry  Generator of employment – not least for the skilled youth o Some 10 million people work in computer software and services  Source of innovation o Software top recipient of venture capital in the US  Source of export revenue o Top exporters from the South: India, China, Philippines, Singapore  Key to sustain productive ICT use in society o Software increasingly important for functionality of goods and services
  7. 7. Why Measure the ICT sector?  Data needed for informed policy-making  Data missing for the majority of developing countries o No LDCs are currently reporting ICT sector data  Lack of official data means that policy makers and other decision makers will rely on private sources of data o Forrester, Gartner, IDC, EITO, etc o Methodologies are not harmonized o Strong focus on “sales” rather than “production”
  8. 8. ICT Sector’s Share of Business Sector Employment Israel (2011) Japan (2010) New Zealand (2011) Mauritius (2011) Switzerland (2008) Uruguay (2010) Costa Rica (2010) Hong Kong (China) (2010) Russian Fed. (2008) Singapore (2010) United States (2009) Armenia (2010) Cameroon (2009) Mexico (2009) Azerbaijan (2011) Kazakhstan (2008) Egypt (2011) Oman (2011) Source: UNCTAD. 0 2 4 6 8 10
  9. 9. Distribution of ICT sector employment IT services and telecoms dominate ICT sector in most countries.
  10. 10. UNCTAD-WITSA 2012 Survey of IT/Software Associations  Online survey conducted March–April 2012  38 out of 80 IT/Software Associations responded  Countries represented accounted for more than half of global spending on software and IT services, and more than half of all ICT spending. o 8 associations in developed economies o 26 in developing economies o 4 in transition economies.  The responding associations had more than 16,000 member companies, employing more than 5 million people
  11. 11. Influencing Policy ― Key Task  Most associations actively contribute to the process of national policy making relevant to the software industry.  All respondents support national policy formulation and engage in policy advocacy and lobbying.  More than 80% are engaged in raising awareness of the IT/Software industry, promoting interaction between industry and academia and promoting the national sector abroad.  Relatively few are involved in incubation, certification or facilitation of internships or scholarships.  Good data important to influence policy and raise awareness!
  12. 12. Less than 50% Survey their Members at Least Annually Source: UNCTAD and WITSA.
  13. 13. Proposal to Enhance Data Availability  Explore collaboration with the private sector - WITSA  Build on the IT Industry Barometer (BMZ/GIZ)  Develop a harmonized tool that all WITSA members could use  Leverage good national practice (such as Assesspro/ALETI)  Use approach that allows data to be compared with official statistics
  14. 14. What is in it for WITSA and its Members?  Show importance and evolution of the sector  Compare IT sector performance of different countries  Identify barriers to growth  Use in interaction with governments To Fulfill the Promise of the Digital Age!
  15. 15. INFORMATION ECONOMY REPORT 2012 can be downloaded free of charge at www.unctad.org/ier2012