Human OriginsWhat is prehistory?• Prehistory dates back to the time before the invention of writing roughly 5,000 years ago.
What is an archaeologist? • Scientist who learn about early people by excavating and studying the traces of early settlements
What is an anthropologist?• Scientists who study culture and try to recreate a picture of early people’s cultural behavior- customs, family life, and social relationships.
What is a paleontologist?• Scientists who study fossils and use complex techniques to date ancient fossil remains and rocks.
Paleolithic Age:• The Old Stone Age• About 2.5 million B.C. to 8,000 B.C.• Oldest stone chopping tools date back to this era• Nomadic- hunting & gathering people
Paleolithic Age: Neolithic Age:• The Old Stone Age • The New Stone Age • 8,000 B.C. – 3,000 B.C. in• About 2.5 million B.C. to some areas 8,000 B.C. • Used polished stone tools,• Oldest stone chopping made pottery, grew crops, and tools date back to this era raised animals (domestication).• Nomadic- hunting & • Began to be sedentary and gathering people less nomadic
The Agricultural Revolution• Also called the Neolithic Revolution• Increases in global temperature after the Ice Age along with discoveries about planting seeds led to the beginning of agriculture.• With a food surplus, world population increased dramatically• People began to build permanent homes and settlements (villages, towns, cities)
Post Agricultural RevolutionBeginning of agriculture Agricultural Revolution