Status Of Implementation Of The Right To Education


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RTE Forum Presentation on the Status of Implementation of the RTE Act.

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Status Of Implementation Of The Right To Education

  1. 1. Status of Implementation of the Right to Education Act: The First Year<br />Some Preliminary Findings<br />
  2. 2. About the Report<br />Right to Education is one year old- citizens want to know the status<br />Look at what has worked and what has not. <br />If something was done, and done well in some state, appreciate it. Draw recommendations for others<br />If something not done: Hold government to account, see potential role of civil society<br />Report is a draft- inputs required. <br />Would be finalized only after consultation<br />Prepared by networks and agencies themselves based on our collective knowledge. Sources: Government Reports, Network reports, media coverage of issues. Drafting team process<br />Highlighted, lack of transparent systematic sources of info. in public domain<br />
  3. 3. Preparation Status<br />Revision of SSA Framework in line RTE<br />State Rules: Only 5 States- AP, Arunachal, Orissa, Sikkim, Manipur. 2 got Cabinet approval<br />Proposed amendments for persons with disability not yet passed<br />School Management Committees- First line of grievance redressal- not formed in majority states<br />SCPCR: 11 States, REPA: 3 more. <br />NCPCR/SCPCR/ MHRD: Human Resources<br />Delayed Start to implementation over question of resources<br />Additional Resources for RTE: 8,522 Crores in last financial year. <br />MHRD Asked for 34,000 Crores for SSA in 2011-12, received 21,000. In contrast, government estimates 7,907 crore spent on Commonwealth Games last year. <br />Persistent under spending- late release of money, need for additional account staff, occasional mismatch between community need and supply<br />18% schools (2009-10) did not receive TLM grant<br />Children under six under the Act: Clause not fully implemented<br />Talk of extension of RTE to secondary education<br />
  4. 4. COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION<br />RTE Provides considerable space for nation’s citizens coming out in support of their schools and strengthening national public education system<br />However, awareness of Key Provisions limited: 6m into the Act, 1 in 6 people knew the Act existed. Under 3% aware of NCPCR/SCPCR. <br />SMCs not in place in large number of States: Despite deadline of 6m across country<br />Consequently, School Development Plans not prepared in states. Bottom up process of planning, strategizing to lay direction of each school not happened. Deadline was 9 months<br />SMCs for aided schools? Unaided school lacked them from the start<br />Local Authorities: Largely ignored in discourse, preparation. Local Authorities control majority of elementary schools in 4 States. Previous legislations like PESA, PRI Acts, 73d and 74th Constitutional Amendments hold great potential for supporting RTE Act provisions<br />
  5. 5. Teachers<br />RTE Act seeks to redress consistent problem of teacher shortages- MHRD Estimate 12 lakhadditional trained teachers needed for Act’s implementation. UP: Situation particularly grave. <br />Recruitment started in a few states. <br />First time, consistent norms for teacher qualification. National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education. Teacher Eligibility Tests. ? Translated on ground<br />2009-10, 1 in 5 teachers not compliant with old norms. Hiring parateachers not stopped. <br />JRM of SSA: Number of untrained teachers more than training capacity<br />Minimum Working Days for Teachers: Over 50% Upper Primary Schools (2009-10) did not reach new target levels<br />Non Teaching Work: Curtailed, but would require secretarial support<br />40% Schools lack head teachers: Lack of specific training of HMs- National Program being considered<br />Onsite support systems weak<br />
  6. 6. INCLUSION<br />Dropout- Gov. 8.1 million. In practice higher. Migrants, child labourers. Street Children, Children living with and affected by HIV AIDS, trafficked children<br />Closure of small schools due to “rationalization” risk for those in “remote” areas<br />Long Standing Issues of Exclusion of some social groups. Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims , Girls disproportionately likely to drop out. Sacchar Committee Recommendations. <br />RTE Reiterates instruction in mother Tongue- but no significant change on the ground. <br />School Fees: ArjunSengupta 70% of India on Rs 20 a day<br />Children with Disability: PWD Act being amended. Figures Gross under-estimate, 1.5 population disabled in India, but 9% in US? Single resource teacher for 242 identified disabled children, 10 States/UTs lack even a single teacher receiving trained on disability<br />Child Labour: Still not illegal. Children in Agriculture outside purview. NCLP ?<br />Areas of Civil Unrest: Schools targeted by Naxalite groups. Army occupation not ended<br />Private Schools- Compulsory Recognition. Need to adhere to new norms. Issues of inclusiveness and equity. 25% Quota.<br />PPP: An emerging risk?<br />Larger question of multiple strands equity: KVs vs Mainstream Gov Schools, Elite Private vs Government Schools<br />
  7. 7. QUALITY<br />Shortage of Upper Primary Schools<br />At time when RTE Came into force: 1 in 10 schools lacked drinking water, 45% lacked a toilet, Half lacked a ramp<br />Yes, considerable effort , especially in some states, to enhance infrastructure<br />40% Schools (ASER 2009) Not RTE Ready<br />27 States banned corporal punishment in schools. But it continues. Need to remedy teaching environment, promote positive discipline<br />20 States prohibited detention expulsion. Often being interpreted as no learning<br />26 States, no board examination. <br />22 States planned to move to CCE- however, lack of robust teacher training systems?<br />14 States reviewed curriculum to align with NCF<br />Teaching Methodologies: 30% classrooms have some form of group work. “Chalk and Talk”<br />Learning Outcomes??<br />
  8. 8. How does it all come together?<br />Policy Changes happening, albeit slowly<br />BUT, all or almost all ground level deadlines either missed or at risk of being missed<br />Mechanisms of ambitious vision being translated into reality not completely clear<br />Implementation has been slow, Lot of initial time lost<br />However, situation is not beyond remedy!<br />Issues need to be pushed more given the time bound deadlines and the legally justiciable nature of provisions<br />Civil Society support for a concerted push to ensure implementation of RTE minimum norms in direction of equitable, quality education of all the young citizens of the country and setting up of a comprehensive system of public education system along the lines of a common school system<br />
  9. 9. Still the Beginning?<br />