Parents and EFA Priorities Kenya


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Parents’ perspective on top priorities of EFA given at the IAU Workshop on higher education for EFA held in Nairobi, Kenya, on 24-25 January 2013. Presented by Juliah Wanjiku Nduati, Communications Officer, Kenya National Association of Parent.

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  • Since EFA goals were introduced in 2000 it took the Kenyan Government 7 years up to 2007 to design a national curriculum for Early Childhood education and also a manual for teachers
  • Even after the ECD curriculum development by KIE in 2007 the over 60,000 ECD teachers are yet to be orientated on the necessary skills to promote the quality of education in ECD centers. ……. 1+1 a for apple Uwezo research in 2010 supported this hypothesis that the competency skills of children in ECD centers is wanting.
  • Parents and EFA Priorities Kenya

    1. 1. Presented by Juliah Wanjiku Nduati c/o KNAP
    2. 2. IntroductionWhat is Kenya National Association of Parents (KNAP)KNAP is a civil society organization in education sector which has been in existence since 1999.The organization has now been recognized legally under Schedule III of the new Basic Education Act 2012.Our KEY objective is to critically analyze all educational policies in the country with a view of identifying the missing gaps and in turn lobby the government either to implement , ammend , shift or abandon a particular policy.
    3. 3. Intro…The organization has over 15ooo affiliate schools with a countrywide membership of over 3.2 million members.
    4. 4. Our priorities as KNAPOur main concern as parents representatives revolves around EFA goal 1 that focuses on expansion of early childhood care and education. THE CHALLENGES FACING EFA1 FROM PARENTS’ perspectiveInadequate funding- the government gives very little amount of money to our ECD centers thus making parents to continue funding the program from their own resources.Inadequate funding has seen the private sector capitalize on ECD education and this compromises the quality offered at the ECD centers.
    5. 5. The ChallengesInadequate training of ECD teachersWe do not have full time teacher training colleges for ECD teachers, Majority enroll in school based training and this means their training is shallow.Consequently, these implies that the ECD teachers are not adequately prepared to handle ECD curriculumCurriculum… Even after EFA it took the government more than 7 years until 2008 when it developed a national curriculum for ECD .
    6. 6. Challenges cont…The curriculum does not address the needs of young learners , it does not shape the children but make them appear like robots.We need a curriculum that is addressing the needs of the childUwezo research in 2010 supported this hypothesis that the competency skills of children in ECD centers is wanting.
    7. 7. Why Parents are concernedTherefore, research is necessary to establish how many teachers have the necessary skills, and this way the parents will be assured that their young children are attaining quality education.The challenge of ECD teachers is that most do not enroll in full time teacher training colleges.
    8. 8. Why cont…As parents we would like researchers to look into teacher training colleges.The data collected can advise the government on how to increase teacher training colleges and this will ensure that ECD teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to promote learning.
    9. 9. Expansion impossible if?Concerning expansion of early childhood care and education we cannot expand when over 2.3 million children in ECD cannot access government granting.Why? Education in Kenya is not free at all as parents especially in pre-primary are required to pay high fees for their children to be enrolled in ECD centers.
    10. 10. Cont…Research shows that enrollment in primary is approximately 110% while that of ECD is 60%. Why???Most parents opt to keep their children at home until they attain the age of joining primary schools.The outcome here is obvious that parents are enrolling illiterate children in primary schools since they cannot afford the high fees in ECD centers.
    11. 11. Why we are lagging behind inEFA goalsApparently we lack clear laws to address the EFA goal 2 that seek to provide free and compulsory primary education for all.The reality on the ground is that parents are still paying money for their children to achieve basic education(basic education being; pre, primary and secondary)Perhaps now that we are in a discussion KNAP can look at ways in which it can mobilize parents to actively participate in the education of their children (Illiteracy?)
    12. 12. Cont…
    13. 13. END, THANK YOU!