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  1. 1. Vipul Jain Mohsin ShaikhDeep Gala Rishabh Soni Ganesh Gite Team Name:
  2. 2. • Financial Problem • Infrastructural Constraints • Quantity & Quality of Teachers • Lack of Motivation • Lack of accountability • Out of school Children • Sanitation • Social Issues • Political Issues Problems faced by Primary Education sector in India The national average is about 1 teacher to every 34 students, but in states such as Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal 1 teacher works with more than 60 students. Sixty-five out of 100 schools have common toilets in India; however only one out of four schools in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Orissa and Rajasthan have this facility.
  3. 3. Solution-1 (Financial Problem) “India has made the largest progress in absolute terms of any country in the world reducing out-of-school (children) numbers from 20 million in 2000 to 2.3 million in 2006, and (around) 1.7 million by latest data (2011),” Unesco‟s latest Education For All Global Monitoring Report. 1. Financial aid to parents of poor & below poverty line background students 2. Scholarships, Freeships schemes to be run at primary school level 3. Timely transfer of funds to needy from government, corporates, NGO‟s 4. Automation solutions for donation and charity programmes
  4. 4. Solution-2 (Administrative System) The Central Board of Secondary Education The State Government Boards The National Open School The International School District Primary Education Program Education Governing Bodies
  5. 5. • Promotion of equality: It could be achieved by providing equal access and equal opportunities to children • A common educational structure (10+2+3) for the whole of India • Opening of primary schools in remotest tribal area for promotion of education in tribal people • Development of curriculum and study material in the language of remote tribal people • Constant Review and Evaluation: Review of the implementation of the parameters of the policy every two years • Involvement of voluntary groups and communities (students, professionals, retired) for school improvement programmes • Easy and Mandatory accessibility of books and e-books at minimum costs to all sections of students (at libraries as well) Solution-3 (Educational Policy)
  6. 6. Solution-4 (Provision of Teachers) Management Approach Origin of Public Management Problem Remedy Strategies to Deal with Teacher absenteeism Hierarchist Poor compliance with rules and procedures; Weak system of authority to elicit accountability Tighter procedures; greater „managerial‟ grip Regular monitoring by designated supervisory staff; using cameras to monitor teachers; laying down code of ethics for teachers Egalitarian Abuse of power by higher level officials Empowerment and participation of people at the bottom Granting of powers to village- level decentralized bodies for monitoring and supervision Individualist Faulty incentive structures; monopoly provision Introduction of better incentives and disincentives to service providers; Introduction of competition Performance based pay for teachers; Vouchers in educational Provisioning Fatalist Inherently unpredictable and chaotic nature of social organisation and public policy processes Ad hoc solutions; Putting parallel structures/devising other mechanisms that circumvent the core problem Creation of a separate para- teacher cadre Teachers’ absenteeism is mainly because of lack of interest and insufficient remuneration policies of the government. To combat this, we would suggest recruitment of only voluntary groups and enthusiasts who would want to get into these schemes to contribute to the primary education improvement and development process of the country.
  7. 7. Solution-5 (Shift System) In view of the shortage of teachers and school buildings, it is desirable that the Shift system be adopted in India as is done in some other countries like Germany, United States, Japan, China, Denmark, Australia, etc. and classes be held for some children from 7.30 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and for others from 1.00 p.m. to 5.00 p.m. Shift system will prove extremely helpful to farmers and labourers also. Their children will get time both for education and for helping their parents in supplementing their incomes. No doubt the work to teachers will increase but they can be satisfied by providing extra pay. Moreover the teachers for these schools will be volunteers who love to do their parts in contributing towards a better aindia.
  8. 8. Solution-6 (Special Type of Schools)  In India there are nearly 12 crore people of scheduled castes and nearly 5 crore tribal people. These people have remained cut-off from education since long. Now some emphasis is being given on their education by the Government. Provision has been made to give them some grants for purchasing books, besides stipends and scholarships.  These special schools will cater to the needs of these remotely located children and enhance the quality and reach of education to every bits and corners in the country.  The volunteers who opt for moving into these remote special schools to be incentivized by the govt.. Public cooperation for the education of these people is very necessary.
  9. 9. Solution-7 (Reforms in Curriculum) PRIMARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM Subjects English Mathematics History Geography Science Visual Arts Music Drama Physical Education Social, Personal and Health Education It is essential to introduce reforms in the curriculum of primary education along with the efforts to develop and make it compulsory. The traditional and unilateral course should be changed and a local craft should be included in it so that it may become more interesting and helpful to children. It should not be put up on them as a burden. They should be given a chance to take these subjects up or not on their own. It should not be a binding factor on them to qualify in every subject. The idea is to inculcate and develop what they are naturally good at. The National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education of 2009 recommended longer preparation for teachers, but the B.Ed. curriculum structure continued to be for a single year. There is also a lack of enough skilled trainers and preparation to develop skills, abilities and attitudes to teach students.
  10. 10. Solution-8 (Increase in the Number of Schools) There were 228,994,454 students enrolled in different recognized schools of the country with a 13.67% growth in student's enrolment from Class I to XII. This is an increase from 20.30 crore students enrolled in 2002. Encouragingly, there is a 19.12 % increase in girl's enrolment. There was 26.77% increase in total number of schools in the country during 2002-09. Maximum growth rate was seen in upper primary schools (49.15%), followed by higher secondary schools (46.80%), secondary (28.95%) and primary (16.68%). The survey captures more than 13 lakh (13,06,992) recognized schools across the country in each habitation, village and urban areas, out of which more than 84.14% are in rural areas.
  11. 11. Solution-9 (Sanitation) The lack of toilets affects girls‟ school attendance. Of India‟s 700,000 rural primary and upper primary schools, only one in six have toilets, deterring children especially girls from going to school. Despite the Government and UNICEF‟s best efforts, diarrhoea remains the major cause of death amongst children, after respiratory- tract infections. Unhygienic practices and unsafe drinking water are some of its main causes. More than 122 million households in the country are without toilets. We propose two solutions: 1. A mandatory routine for sanitation education in primary schools everyday 2. Mobile toilets at every local school based on shift timings
  12. 12. Solution-10 (Increase in Teaching Load) In response to the demand from the teaching fraternity and students' parents, the state education department has changed the training schedule of primary school teachers. The training of more than two lakh primary teachers across 34,000 government schools in the state will no longer be scheduled during school hours, but only during vacations. The practice of providing six- hour training to primary school teachers was followed on first Saturday of every month during school hours (from 7 am to 1 pm) at every cluster resource centre in each block.
  13. 13. References  http://www.indianexpress.com/news/primary-school-teachers-to-get-training-only- during-vacations/1119048/  http://www.mapsofindia.com/india-education.html  http://www.business-standard.com/article/opinion/nitin-desai-right-to-principals- 112051700004_1.html  http://www.mapsofindia.com/india-education.html  http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-01- 22/news/36483408_1_enrolment-higher-secondary-schools-primary-schools  http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/EdStats/INDpub01.pdf  http://www.indiaschoolfund.org/ISF/about/about-solution.html  http://www.younglives-india.org/files/policy-papers/need-for-systemic-reform-in- education