BY:HINA KHALID
“ERRORS OF ARTICULATION”
Errors of Articulation:-
 There are four types of articulation errors
which are as follows:-
1. Substitution
2. Omission
...
SUBSTITUTION:-
Substitution occurs
when one sound is
substituted by another
sound.
For example:- I azzume
that villain's b...
OMISSION:
 Omission occurs when a sound is left out that is too
hard to pronounce.
 Examples: Please print tree copies o...
DISTORTION:-
 Distortion occurs when the sound is not left out or
substituted but does not sound right. There is an
attem...
ADDITION:-
Addition occurs when an
extra sound is added.
Examples: Illinois, Des
Moines, Merlot and Salmon.
A – Additions
...
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Errors of articulation

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Errors of articulation

  1. 1. BY:HINA KHALID “ERRORS OF ARTICULATION”
  2. 2. Errors of Articulation:-  There are four types of articulation errors which are as follows:- 1. Substitution 2. Omission 3. Distortion 4. Addition
  3. 3. SUBSTITUTION:- Substitution occurs when one sound is substituted by another sound. For example:- I azzume that villain's buthday it thuzday. S – Substitutions Definition: Replace one sound with another sound. when one class of sounds is replaced for another class of sounds. Examples: “wed” for “red,” “thoap” for “soap,” “dut,” for “duck”
  4. 4. OMISSION:  Omission occurs when a sound is left out that is too hard to pronounce.  Examples: Please print tree copies of the repote.  O – Omissions (also known as deletions) Definition: Omit a sound in a word. Note: This error affects intelligibility the most, making speech more difficult for the listener(s) to understand. Examples: “p ay the piano” for “play the piano”, “g een nake” for “green snake”
  5. 5. DISTORTION:-  Distortion occurs when the sound is not left out or substituted but does not sound right. There is an attempt to make the sound but it is misarticulated.  Examples: "kerrec" vs. "correct" / "tell me" vs. "till me“  D – Distortions Definition: Produce a sound in an unfamiliar manner. Examples: “pencil” (nasalized—sounds more like an “m”) for “pencil,” “sun” (lisped—sounds “slushy”) for “sun”
  6. 6. ADDITION:- Addition occurs when an extra sound is added. Examples: Illinois, Des Moines, Merlot and Salmon. A – Additions Definition: Insert an extra sound within a word. Examples: “buhlack horse” for “black horse,” “doguh,” for “dog”

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