Errors of Articulation:-
There are four types of articulation errors
which are as follows:-
when one sound is
substituted by another
For example:- I azzume
that villain's buthday it
S – Substitutions
Definition: Replace one sound with another
when one class of sounds is replaced for
another class of sounds.
Examples: “wed” for “red,” “thoap” for
“soap,” “dut,” for “duck”
Omission occurs when a sound is left out that is too
hard to pronounce.
Examples: Please print tree copies of the repote.
O – Omissions (also known as deletions)
Definition: Omit a sound in a word.
Note: This error affects intelligibility the most, making
difficult for the listener(s) to understand.
Examples: “p ay the piano” for “play the piano”, “g een
Distortion occurs when the sound is not left out or
substituted but does not sound right. There is an
attempt to make the sound but it is misarticulated.
Examples: "kerrec" vs. "correct" / "tell me" vs. "till
D – Distortions
Definition: Produce a sound in an unfamiliar manner.
Examples: “pencil” (nasalized—sounds more like an “m”)
“sun” (lisped—sounds “slushy”) for “sun”
Addition occurs when an
extra sound is added.
Examples: Illinois, Des
Moines, Merlot and Salmon.
A – Additions
Definition: Insert an extra sound within a word.
Examples: “buhlack horse” for “black horse,” “doguh,”