Mood disorders


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Mood disorders

  1. 1. BY:- HINA KHALID
  2. 2.  Discrete period of time in which the person’s behavior is dominated by either depressed or manic mood. Depression Mania Bipolar affective disorder
  3. 3.  Condition of mental disturbance typically with the lack of energy & difficulty in maintaining concentration & interest in life . “SIGNS N SYMPTOMS” 1. COGNITIVE:- Poor concentration , indecisiveness , poor self- esteem, suicidal thoughts, delusions . 2. PYHSIOLOGICAL & BEHAVIORAL:- Sleep/appetite disturbances, psychomotor problems, fatigue, loss of memory. 3. EMOTIONAL:- Sadness, depressed mood, irritability, anhedonia (loss of interest / pleasure in usual activities)
  4. 4.  GENETIC COMPONENTS:- _10-20% of life time risk of depression o can affect personality o Negative thinking o Psychothmic personality o Cognitive o HPA( Hypo pituitary axis problem) o Vulnerability(when a preexisting vulnerability, is activated by stressful life events) o Personality factors (Psychothymic personality) o Early environment o Social factors o Neurobiological factors(monoamine hypothesis)
  5. 5. o Mild Depression:- no pharmacotherapy, mild psychotherapy o Moderate Depression:- moderate pharmacotherapy & drugs . o Severe Depression:- Intense psychotherapy, drugs.
  6. 6.  “A distinct period of abnormally & persistently elevated/ expansive mood, lasting at least one week”  SIGNS N SYMPTOMS:-  Inflated self-esteem  decreased need for sleep(insomnia)  more talkative than usual,laughter,jovial mode  flight of ideas  Distractibility  Increase in activity directed at achieving goals  Excessive involvement in dangerous activities (risk taking  Flertitious sort of atitude  Speech volume /tone increased  Restlessness  Irratibility