Context Clues
Building
Word
Awareness
Context Clues
Definition
Synonyms
Restatement
Contrast
Explanation
Examples
Inference
What is Context?
Most Americans can speak only one
________. Europeans, however,
________ several. As a result,
Europeans ...
What is Context?
Most Americans can speak only one
language. Europeans, however,
speak several. As a result,
Europeans thi...
What is Context?
Use the words surrounding the
unknown word to help determine
the unknown word’s meaning.
“Phobias, such a...
Context Clues: Definition
Unknown word is
defined immediately
following its use
brief definition, synonym,
or restatement ...
Synonyms
A writer often choose a more
familiar word or words with the
same meaning to make the
difficult word understandab...
Restatement
Close to a synonym, restatement
differs in that a difficult word is
usually restated in a simpler form
—usuall...
Contrast
Antonym, a word
of opposite
meaning (notice
the restatement)
Contrast clue
words: but,
however, in
contrast to, o...
Explanation
Similar to a definition clue
Generally longer than a
definition
Usually found in one or more
different sentenc...
Context Clues:
Explanation
The chrome is beginning to corrode. It shows
signs of pitting and of being eaten away
gradually...
Context Clues:
Explanation
NOTE: Sometimes the explanation is
presented first.
The puppy was a complete bother
and an anno...
Example
Examples that the
reader may know to
help explain a new
and unfamiliar
concept or term
Note the
punctuation clues:...
Inference
Use reasoning
and prior
knowledge
Your experiences
provide common-
sense clues to
the meaning of a
word
This con...
Limitations of
Context Clues
1.Context clues only give the
immediate definition for that
particular context.
2.Context clu...
Applying What You
Have Learned
Can you define the
unfamiliar word?
Name the context
clue that helped
you?
What was the sig...
The definition of the unfamiliar
word is “controlled, restrained.”
The context clue was contrast.
The signal word was “but...
Can you
define the
unfamiliar
word?
Can you
name the
specific
context clue
that helped
you?
Embassies typically
follow wel...
The definition of protocol is a set
of rules or procedures.
The context clue is “definition,”
with some help from the
comm...
Can you define
the unfamiliar
word?
Can you name
the specific
context clue
that helped
you?
Corona refers to
the outermost...
First: context clue is a straight
definition.
Second: context clue is
definition—restatement. Notice
the punctuation helps...
Applying What You
Have Learned
Most condiments,
such as pepper,
mustard and
catsup, are used to
improve the flavor
of food...
A condiment is a flavor enhancer
used to spice up foods.
The context clue was an
example clue. Notice the signal
phrase—su...
Can you define
the unfamiliar
word?
Can you name
the specific
context clue
that helped
you?
Some city
dwellers are
affluen...
Applying What You
Have Learned
The definition of affluent is
“rich, wealthy.”
The context clue is contrast.
Can you define
the unfamiliar
word?
Can you name
the specific
context clue
that helped
you?
The wallabies at
the zoo looke...
A wallaby is a small kangaroo.
The context clue could be
example or inference.
Applying What You
Have Learned
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Context Clues

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Context Clues

  1. 1. Context Clues
  2. 2. Building Word Awareness Context Clues Definition Synonyms Restatement Contrast Explanation Examples Inference
  3. 3. What is Context? Most Americans can speak only one ________. Europeans, however, ________ several. As a result, Europeans think ________ are unfriendly and unwilling to communicate with them. Try to figure out the missing words.
  4. 4. What is Context? Most Americans can speak only one language. Europeans, however, speak several. As a result, Europeans think Americans are unfriendly and unwilling to communicate with them. How did you do? How did you figure out the missing words?
  5. 5. What is Context? Use the words surrounding the unknown word to help determine the unknown word’s meaning. “Phobias, such as fear of heights, water, or confined spaces are difficult to eliminate.”
  6. 6. Context Clues: Definition Unknown word is defined immediately following its use brief definition, synonym, or restatement using punctuation-commas, parentheses or dashes. “Be” verb shows the two ideas are the same. X = Y A chemical bond is a strong force that holds two or more atoms together. A dialect is a form of speech from a specific region.
  7. 7. Synonyms A writer often choose a more familiar word or words with the same meaning to make the difficult word understandable Ballet students appear so lithe; they are so limber and flexible. The cataract was spectacular; the steep waterfall dropped abruptly eighty feet.
  8. 8. Restatement Close to a synonym, restatement differs in that a difficult word is usually restated in a simpler form —usually set of by commas. The poetry was sublime, lofty and moving, and brought tears to my eyes. The village was depopulated, most of the residents dead or moved, but the livestock remained untouched.
  9. 9. Contrast Antonym, a word of opposite meaning (notice the restatement) Contrast clue words: but, however, in contrast to, on the other hand The gentleman was portly, but his wife was thin. The mayoral candidate praised the town council,but the mayor deprecated it.
  10. 10. Explanation Similar to a definition clue Generally longer than a definition Usually found in one or more different sentences
  11. 11. Context Clues: Explanation The chrome is beginning to corrode. It shows signs of pitting and of being eaten away gradually. It was a martial parade: signs of the military were everywhere. Everyone was in uniform; guns, cannon and tanks were on display, and jets flew overhead.
  12. 12. Context Clues: Explanation NOTE: Sometimes the explanation is presented first. The puppy was a complete bother and an annoyance to all the neighbors. It was a continual nuisance.
  13. 13. Example Examples that the reader may know to help explain a new and unfamiliar concept or term Note the punctuation clues: commas or hyphens Signal words—such as, for example, for instance, to illustrate, specifically Legumes, such as peas and beans, produce pods. Forest floors are frequently covered with fungi—molds, mushrooms, and mildews.
  14. 14. Inference Use reasoning and prior knowledge Your experiences provide common- sense clues to the meaning of a word This context clue is often a little harder to spot Since Reginald was nervous, he brought his rabbit foot talisman with him to the exam. His alibi was upheld when John’s friends offered personal testimony, letters of documentation, and three videotapes showing that he was present at the party.
  15. 15. Limitations of Context Clues 1.Context clues only give the immediate definition for that particular context. 2.Context clues seldom lead to a precise, complete definition. 3.Sometimes the passage will not contain clues to the meaning of the unfamiliar word.
  16. 16. Applying What You Have Learned Can you define the unfamiliar word? Name the context clue that helped you? What was the signal word that helped? He seemed quite free and easy with a few friends, but at large parties he was quite inhibited.
  17. 17. The definition of the unfamiliar word is “controlled, restrained.” The context clue was contrast. The signal word was “but.” Applying What You Have Learned
  18. 18. Can you define the unfamiliar word? Can you name the specific context clue that helped you? Embassies typically follow well- established protocols, or accepted procedures, for seating guests at a government dinner. Applying What You Have Learned
  19. 19. The definition of protocol is a set of rules or procedures. The context clue is “definition,” with some help from the commas – restatement Applying What You Have Learned
  20. 20. Can you define the unfamiliar word? Can you name the specific context clue that helped you? Corona refers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere. Facets-small flat surfaces at different angles- bring out the beauty of a diamond. Applying What You Have Learned
  21. 21. First: context clue is a straight definition. Second: context clue is definition—restatement. Notice the punctuation helps. Applying What You Have Learned
  22. 22. Applying What You Have Learned Most condiments, such as pepper, mustard and catsup, are used to improve the flavor of foods. Can you define the unfamiliar word? Can you name the specific context clue that helped you?
  23. 23. A condiment is a flavor enhancer used to spice up foods. The context clue was an example clue. Notice the signal phrase—such as. Applying What You Have Learned
  24. 24. Can you define the unfamiliar word? Can you name the specific context clue that helped you? Some city dwellers are affluent; others live in poverty. Applying What You Have Learned
  25. 25. Applying What You Have Learned The definition of affluent is “rich, wealthy.” The context clue is contrast.
  26. 26. Can you define the unfamiliar word? Can you name the specific context clue that helped you? The wallabies at the zoo looked like kangaroos. Applying What You Have Learned
  27. 27. A wallaby is a small kangaroo. The context clue could be example or inference. Applying What You Have Learned

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