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ENGLISH 6
Q1 W1D1
FIGURES OF SPEECH
Let’s Learn This
We are fond of listening to the emphasized
sounds in literary pieces of writing. Poets use
sound devices. Are you wondering on those
different sound devices?
This activity sheet has exercises for you to do
to enhance your skill using your sound devices.
There are several forms of sound devices that
add beauty to the literary pieces of writing.
However, this activity sheet will focus only
on the basic forms of sound devices such
as onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance,
and consonance. In addition, this will also
discuss figurative language and its types
such as personification, irony, and
hyperbole.
Let’s Try This
1. Kaboom! The bite of dynamite cut deep inside the
earth!
2. Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled pepper.
3. Alone, alone, all, all alone, Alone on a wide wide
sea
What have you noticed in each sentence? Which
word in the first sentence creates a sound which
suggests its meaning? Are there emphasized sounds
in second, third, and fourth sentence? Are there
repeated sounds? Can you identify them? What
sound devices are used in each sentence?
Let’s Study This
Poems are pieces of writing written in separate
lines that usually have figurative language,
repeated and irregular rhythm, rhyme. They
convey experiences, ideas, or emotions in a
vivid and imaginative way.
Poems also have sound devices. Sound devices
are tools used by poets to convey and reinforce
the meaning or experience of poetry through
the skillful use of sound.
After all, poets are trying to use a concentrated blend
of sound and imagery to create an emotional
response. In poetry, the words and their order
should evoke images, and the words themselves have
sounds, which can emphasize or otherwise clarify
those images.
Since poetry is basically rhythmical, it heavily relies
on sound devices to create a musical effect. The
following are types of sound devices:
Types of sound devices:
1. Onomatopoeia. This is a sound device which
refers to the use of words whose sounds suggest their
meanings.
Examples: The bang of a gun The buzz of a bee The
hiss of a snake The pop of a firecracker
2. Alliteration. This is the repetition of the same
initial consonant sounds of at least two words in a line
of poetry. Example: the frog frolicked frivolously on
the forest floor. Little skinny shoulder blades
sticking through your clothes …struck out by a steed
flying fearless and fleet
3. Assonance. This is the repetition of
vowel sounds at the beginning, middle
or end of at least two words in a
line of poetry. Example: Hear the
mellow wedding bells
4. Consonance. This is the repetition
of consonant sounds at the middle or
end of at least two words in a line
of poetry.
Example: He fumbles at your spirit
As players at the keys Before they
drop full music on; He stuns you by
degrees
Figurative language is language that uses words
or expressions with a meaning that is different from
the literal interpretation.
Types of Figurative language
1. Simile and Metaphor. Simile is a clear and
direct comparison between two things that are not
alike. It often uses the words “like” or “as.” “Your
teeth are like stars”
Metaphor, on the other hand, is a comparison
made between two different things without using the
words “like” or “as.” “The night is a big black cat”
Other types of figurative language
are:
1. Personification. This is the attribution of
human qualities, nature or characteristics to
something nonhuman or inanimate objects; or the
representation of an abstract quality in human
form.
Examples: When all at once I saw a crowd, A
host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath
the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze
The sun smiles in the morning.
2. Irony. This refers to the expression of one's
meaning by using language that normally signifies the
opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
Examples: There are roaches infesting the office of a
pest control service. Your dress will only look elegant
if you will not wear it.
3. Hyperbole. This is an extreme exaggeration used to
make a point; exaggerated statements or claims not
meant to be taken literally.
Examples: My eyes widened at the sight of the mile-
high ice cream cones we were having for dessert.
I have a mountain of dirty laundry to wash.
Let’s Do This
Task 1. Fill Out the Table! Listen as your teacher reads a
poem. As you listen, take down the words from the poem
that exemplify the following sound devices: ALLITERATION,
ASSONANCE and CONSONANCE. Write your answers in each
column.
ALLITERATION ASSONANCE CONSONANCE
Leaping higher, higher, higher,
With a desperate desire,
And a resolute endeavor
Now -- now to sit or never,
By the side of the pale-faced moon.
Oh, the bells, bells, bells!
What a tale their terror tells
Of Despair!
How they clang, and clash, and roar!
What a horror they outpour
On the bosom of the palpitating air!
Let’s Do More
Task 2. Guess the Figurative Language! Listen again to your
teacher as he/she reads the following lines from selected
poems/songs. Determine the figurative language present in
the following lines in each number. On the blank before
each number, write P if it is personification, I if it is irony,
and H if it is hyperbole.
_____ 1. ________4.
_____ 2. ________5.
_____ 3.
1. My eyes glow to look at the colorful butterfly
Graciously sips all the flower’s sweet nectars
And flies into nothingness afterwards
2. People talking without speaking,
People hearing without listening
People writing songs that voices never share
3. Oh, I'm Dirty Dan, the world's dirtiest man,
I never have taken a shower.
I can't see my shirt--it's so covered with dirt,
And my ears have enough to grow flowers.
4. An old man turned ninety-eight
He won the lottery and died the next day
5. When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze
What is the importance of using
sound devices in listening to a
literary text?
What is the importance of using
onomatopoeia, alliteration,
assonance, and consonance in
reading a literary text?
What are the different types
of sound devices? figurative
language?
EVALUATION: Let’s Enrich Ourselves
Task 4. Color it Right! Using your crayons, match each
feature of the poem on the first column to its meaning and
example by using the same color used. ( Activity Card Refer
to Activity Sheet in English 6 Q1W1)
Review:
What are the different types of
sound devices? figurative
language?
Give your own examples of
onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance,
and consonance
Task 3. Read, Analyze, Pick Out!
Read the following short poem
titled “Running Water” by Lee
Emmett. Pick out words from the
poem that exemplify
onomatopoeia, alliteration,
assonance, and consonance. Write
your answers inside the boxes.
water plops into pond splish-
splash downhill warbling
magpies in tree trilling,
melodic thrill
whoosh, passing breeze flags
flutter and flap
frog croaks, bird whistles
babbling bubbles from tap
Onomatopoeia
Alliteration
Assonance
Consonance
Let’s Test Ourselves
Task 5. What’s the Sound? What’s the Figure?
Identify the sound device or the figurative language
exemplified by each of the following sentences.
Write your answer on the blank provided before each
number.
__________ 1. A wicked whisper came and
changed my life.
__________ 2. The fire station burned down last
night.
__________ 3. The leaves danced in the wind on
the cold October afternoon.
__________ 4. Theophilus Thistle, the successful
thistle sifter, thrust three thousand thistles
through the thick of his thumb.
__________ 5. Her brain is the size of a pea.
What is the importance of using
onomatopoeia, alliteration,
assonance, and consonance in
reading a literary text
Let’s Remember This
Poems are literary pieces of writing written in lines. They
are meant to be listened to like music. They usually have
sound devices and figurative language that add beauty and
artistry in it.
Writers use sound devices to emphasize the words through
the skillful use of sounds within the lines in poems.
Common types of sound devices are onomatopoeia,
alliteration, assonance, and consonance.
Writers also use figurative language to add color and
interest to the literacy piece of writing, and to awaken the
imagination of the readers.
Using figurative language makes the reader or the listener
use their imagination and understand the literary piece
much more than just plain words.
Evaluation:
Write a three-line, four stanza
poem. Put examples of
onomatopoeia, alliteration,
assonance, and consonance in
your word

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Learning about sound devices and figurative language

  • 2. Let’s Learn This We are fond of listening to the emphasized sounds in literary pieces of writing. Poets use sound devices. Are you wondering on those different sound devices? This activity sheet has exercises for you to do to enhance your skill using your sound devices. There are several forms of sound devices that add beauty to the literary pieces of writing.
  • 3. However, this activity sheet will focus only on the basic forms of sound devices such as onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance. In addition, this will also discuss figurative language and its types such as personification, irony, and hyperbole.
  • 4. Let’s Try This 1. Kaboom! The bite of dynamite cut deep inside the earth! 2. Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled pepper. 3. Alone, alone, all, all alone, Alone on a wide wide sea What have you noticed in each sentence? Which word in the first sentence creates a sound which suggests its meaning? Are there emphasized sounds in second, third, and fourth sentence? Are there repeated sounds? Can you identify them? What sound devices are used in each sentence?
  • 5. Let’s Study This Poems are pieces of writing written in separate lines that usually have figurative language, repeated and irregular rhythm, rhyme. They convey experiences, ideas, or emotions in a vivid and imaginative way. Poems also have sound devices. Sound devices are tools used by poets to convey and reinforce the meaning or experience of poetry through the skillful use of sound.
  • 6. After all, poets are trying to use a concentrated blend of sound and imagery to create an emotional response. In poetry, the words and their order should evoke images, and the words themselves have sounds, which can emphasize or otherwise clarify those images. Since poetry is basically rhythmical, it heavily relies on sound devices to create a musical effect. The following are types of sound devices:
  • 7. Types of sound devices: 1. Onomatopoeia. This is a sound device which refers to the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings. Examples: The bang of a gun The buzz of a bee The hiss of a snake The pop of a firecracker 2. Alliteration. This is the repetition of the same initial consonant sounds of at least two words in a line of poetry. Example: the frog frolicked frivolously on the forest floor. Little skinny shoulder blades sticking through your clothes …struck out by a steed flying fearless and fleet
  • 8. 3. Assonance. This is the repetition of vowel sounds at the beginning, middle or end of at least two words in a line of poetry. Example: Hear the mellow wedding bells 4. Consonance. This is the repetition of consonant sounds at the middle or end of at least two words in a line of poetry. Example: He fumbles at your spirit As players at the keys Before they drop full music on; He stuns you by degrees
  • 9. Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. Types of Figurative language 1. Simile and Metaphor. Simile is a clear and direct comparison between two things that are not alike. It often uses the words “like” or “as.” “Your teeth are like stars” Metaphor, on the other hand, is a comparison made between two different things without using the words “like” or “as.” “The night is a big black cat”
  • 10. Other types of figurative language are: 1. Personification. This is the attribution of human qualities, nature or characteristics to something nonhuman or inanimate objects; or the representation of an abstract quality in human form. Examples: When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze The sun smiles in the morning.
  • 11. 2. Irony. This refers to the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Examples: There are roaches infesting the office of a pest control service. Your dress will only look elegant if you will not wear it. 3. Hyperbole. This is an extreme exaggeration used to make a point; exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. Examples: My eyes widened at the sight of the mile- high ice cream cones we were having for dessert. I have a mountain of dirty laundry to wash.
  • 12. Let’s Do This Task 1. Fill Out the Table! Listen as your teacher reads a poem. As you listen, take down the words from the poem that exemplify the following sound devices: ALLITERATION, ASSONANCE and CONSONANCE. Write your answers in each column. ALLITERATION ASSONANCE CONSONANCE
  • 13. Leaping higher, higher, higher, With a desperate desire, And a resolute endeavor Now -- now to sit or never, By the side of the pale-faced moon. Oh, the bells, bells, bells! What a tale their terror tells Of Despair! How they clang, and clash, and roar! What a horror they outpour On the bosom of the palpitating air!
  • 14. Let’s Do More Task 2. Guess the Figurative Language! Listen again to your teacher as he/she reads the following lines from selected poems/songs. Determine the figurative language present in the following lines in each number. On the blank before each number, write P if it is personification, I if it is irony, and H if it is hyperbole. _____ 1. ________4. _____ 2. ________5. _____ 3.
  • 15. 1. My eyes glow to look at the colorful butterfly Graciously sips all the flower’s sweet nectars And flies into nothingness afterwards 2. People talking without speaking, People hearing without listening People writing songs that voices never share 3. Oh, I'm Dirty Dan, the world's dirtiest man, I never have taken a shower. I can't see my shirt--it's so covered with dirt, And my ears have enough to grow flowers. 4. An old man turned ninety-eight He won the lottery and died the next day 5. When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze
  • 16. What is the importance of using sound devices in listening to a literary text? What is the importance of using onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance in reading a literary text?
  • 17. What are the different types of sound devices? figurative language?
  • 18. EVALUATION: Let’s Enrich Ourselves Task 4. Color it Right! Using your crayons, match each feature of the poem on the first column to its meaning and example by using the same color used. ( Activity Card Refer to Activity Sheet in English 6 Q1W1)
  • 19. Review: What are the different types of sound devices? figurative language?
  • 20. Give your own examples of onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance Task 3. Read, Analyze, Pick Out! Read the following short poem titled “Running Water” by Lee Emmett. Pick out words from the poem that exemplify onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance. Write your answers inside the boxes.
  • 21. water plops into pond splish- splash downhill warbling magpies in tree trilling, melodic thrill whoosh, passing breeze flags flutter and flap frog croaks, bird whistles babbling bubbles from tap Onomatopoeia Alliteration Assonance Consonance
  • 22. Let’s Test Ourselves Task 5. What’s the Sound? What’s the Figure? Identify the sound device or the figurative language exemplified by each of the following sentences. Write your answer on the blank provided before each number. __________ 1. A wicked whisper came and changed my life. __________ 2. The fire station burned down last night. __________ 3. The leaves danced in the wind on the cold October afternoon. __________ 4. Theophilus Thistle, the successful thistle sifter, thrust three thousand thistles through the thick of his thumb. __________ 5. Her brain is the size of a pea.
  • 23. What is the importance of using onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance in reading a literary text
  • 24. Let’s Remember This Poems are literary pieces of writing written in lines. They are meant to be listened to like music. They usually have sound devices and figurative language that add beauty and artistry in it. Writers use sound devices to emphasize the words through the skillful use of sounds within the lines in poems. Common types of sound devices are onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance. Writers also use figurative language to add color and interest to the literacy piece of writing, and to awaken the imagination of the readers. Using figurative language makes the reader or the listener use their imagination and understand the literary piece much more than just plain words.
  • 25. Evaluation: Write a three-line, four stanza poem. Put examples of onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance, and consonance in your word