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Motivating Employee
GROUP 6:
Arya Bima Cahyaatmaja (13111002)
Handito Pramukya Daniswara (15111007)
Markov Cornelius (1511...
MATERIALS
What is Motivation
Early Theories Of Motivation
Contemporary Theories Of Motivation
Current Issues in Motivation...
3
What is Motivation?
Motivation refers to the process by which a
person’s efforts are energized, directed, and
sustained to...
High levels of effort must be channeled in a direction that
benefits the organizational goals.
Motivation includes a persi...
Maslow’s Theory
6
McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y
 Theory X is a negative view of people that assumes
workers have little ambition, dislik...
Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory
 Proposes that intrinsic (internal) factors
are related to job satisfaction, while
extrinsic...
Three-Needs Theory
 Need for achievement (nAch) - the drive to succeed and excel to
a set of standards.
 The need for po...
Goal-Setting Theory
 Specific goals increase performance and difficult goals, when accepted, result in higher
performance...
 Other things that also influence the achievement of a
goals are :
1. Goals commitment that individual are committed to t...
Reinforcement Theory
 Behavior is a function of its consequences.
 Consequences that immediately follow a behavior and i...
Designing Motivating Jobs
 Job designs to refer to the way tasks are combined to form
complete jobs.
 JOB ENLARGEMENT - ...
Job Enlargement &
Enrichment
14
15
16
Core Job Dimensions
17
Equity Theory
 Proposes that employees compare what they get from a job (outcomes)
in relation to what they put into it (...
Equity Theory (2)
 The referent—the other persons, systems, or selves individuals
compare themselves against in order to ...
Expectancy Theory
 An individual tends to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the
act will be followed by ...
MOTIVATING IN TOUGH
ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES
 During tough economic conditions,
Managers must look for creative ways to
kee...
MANAGING CROSS-CULTURAL
MOTIVATIONAL CHALLENGES
 Some theories don’t work well for other cultures
 The desire for intere...
Motivating Unique Groups of
Workers
 Employees have different needs,
personalities, skills, abilities, interests,
and apt...
Designing Appropriate Rewards
Program
 Rewards play a major role in promoting appropriate
employee behavior.
 Open-Book ...
25
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Chapt. 16 motivating employee

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Hello readers, hope this posting finds you well.

This presentation is the last project in my campus for Management subjects. This slides will explaining about Motivating Employee. Hopefully, this slides can be beneficial for my readers :)

Regards,
AmythaFP

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Chapt. 16 motivating employee

  1. 1. Motivating Employee GROUP 6: Arya Bima Cahyaatmaja (13111002) Handito Pramukya Daniswara (15111007) Markov Cornelius (15111010) Sarthak Sharma (15111013) Bahar Dyan Syah (15111017) Amytha Fatimah Putri (15111022) Nadhifah Kirana (15111029) 1
  2. 2. MATERIALS What is Motivation Early Theories Of Motivation Contemporary Theories Of Motivation Current Issues in Motivation 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. What is Motivation? Motivation refers to the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal. 4
  5. 5. High levels of effort must be channeled in a direction that benefits the organizational goals. Motivation includes a persistence dimension meaning employees must persist when trying to achieve the goals. 5
  6. 6. Maslow’s Theory 6
  7. 7. McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y  Theory X is a negative view of people that assumes workers have little ambition, dislike work, want to avoid responsibility, and need to be closely controlled to work effectively.  Theory Y is a positive view that assumes employees enjoy work, seek out and accept responsibility, and exercise self-direction. 7
  8. 8. Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory  Proposes that intrinsic (internal) factors are related to job satisfaction, while extrinsic (external) factors are associated with job dissatisfaction.  When people felt good about their work, they tended to cite intrinsic factors arising from the job itself such as achievement, recognition, and responsibility (motivators).  when people felt dissatisfied, they tended to cite extrinsic factors arising from the job context such as company policy and administration, supervision, interpersonal relationships, and working conditions (Hygiene factors). 8
  9. 9. Three-Needs Theory  Need for achievement (nAch) - the drive to succeed and excel to a set of standards.  The need for power (nPow) - the need to make others behave in a way that they would not have behaved otherwise.  The need for affiliation (nAff) - the desire for friendly and close interpersonal relationships 9
  10. 10. Goal-Setting Theory  Specific goals increase performance and difficult goals, when accepted, result in higher performance than do easy goals.  Important points : - Source of job Motivation - Specific hard goal produce higher level of outputs than the usual one - Participation in setting goal - Feed back : Self-generated feedback - Contingency that effect goal setting : Goal commitment, Self-efficacy and natural culture. 10
  11. 11.  Other things that also influence the achievement of a goals are : 1. Goals commitment that individual are committed to the goal and that it is self set and not being order on it 2. Self efficacy is that everyone belief that he or she is capable in performing a task 3. National character is a situation in a certain location that support achievement of a goal. 11
  12. 12. Reinforcement Theory  Behavior is a function of its consequences.  Consequences that immediately follow a behavior and increase the probability that the behavior will be repeated are called reinforcers. 12
  13. 13. Designing Motivating Jobs  Job designs to refer to the way tasks are combined to form complete jobs.  JOB ENLARGEMENT - job scope, job enlargement  JOB ENRICHMENT - job depth  JOB CHARACTERISTICS MODEL – skill varieóty, task identity, task significance, autonomy, feedback. 13
  14. 14. Job Enlargement & Enrichment 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Core Job Dimensions 17
  18. 18. Equity Theory  Proposes that employees compare what they get from a job (outcomes) in relation to what they put into it (inputs), and then they compare their inputs–outcomes ratio with the inputs–outcomes ratios of relevant others.  underrewarded or overrewarded 18
  19. 19. Equity Theory (2)  The referent—the other persons, systems, or selves individuals compare themselves against in order to assess equity—is an important variable in equity theory.  Distributive justice - the perceived fairness of the amount and allocation of rewards among individuals.  Procedural justice - the perceived fairness of the process used to determine the distribution of rewards. 19
  20. 20. Expectancy Theory  An individual tends to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.  Expectancy or effort–performance linkage  Instrumentality or performance–reward linkage  Valence or attractiveness of reward 20
  21. 21. MOTIVATING IN TOUGH ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES  During tough economic conditions, Managers must look for creative ways to keep employees’ efforts energized, directed, and sustained toward achieving goals 21
  22. 22. MANAGING CROSS-CULTURAL MOTIVATIONAL CHALLENGES  Some theories don’t work well for other cultures  The desire for interesting work theory seems important to all workers and Herzberg’s motivator factors may be universal 22
  23. 23. Motivating Unique Groups of Workers  Employees have different needs, personalities, skills, abilities, interests, and aptitude.  Motivating a Diverse Workforce - Flexibility  Motivating Professionals - Job Challenges - Support  Motivating Contingent Workers - Opportunity to become permanent employee. - Training  Motivating Low-Skilled, Minimum Wage Employees - Employee Recognition Programs - Praise 23
  24. 24. Designing Appropriate Rewards Program  Rewards play a major role in promoting appropriate employee behavior.  Open-Book Management  Employee Recognition Programs  Pay for Performance - Compatible with the Expectancy Theory. 24
  25. 25. 25

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