Open Access in Summary


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Presentation on Open Access delivered at the Lesotho College of Education, Maseru, Lesotho on 23 October 2013 during workshop to mark the International Open Access Week and also celebrate LELICO's 10th anniversary

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Open Access in Summary

  1. 1. Open Access in Summary Amos Kujenga EIFL-FOSS National Coordinator, Zimbabwe Lupane State of Education, 23 October 2013 Lesotho CollegeUniversity, 22-23 October 2013
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation  Definition of Open Access  Benefits of Open Access  What librarians can do to promote Open Access 2
  3. 3. The Case for Open Access  The Crisis in Scholarly Communication is a major driving force behind the OA movement. (UNESCO, 2012).  In 2012 Harvard reported that its annual cost for journals from large journal publishers approached $3.75M (HARVARD, 2012) 3
  4. 4. Open Access Defined “Open Access (OA) is the provision of free access to peer-reviewed, scholarly and research information to all” (UNESCO, 2012). 4
  5. 5. OA Publishing  The “GOLD” route  Achieved through OA journals  The “GREEN” route  Achieved through repositories  The “Hybrid” route  OA articles in non-OA journals 5
  6. 6. OA Publishing  Through OA, researchers and students worldwide gain increased access to knowledge.  Publications receive more visibility and readership, and the potential impact of research is increased.  Increased access to, and sharing of knowledge leads to opportunities for equitable economic and social development, intercultural dialogue, and can potentially spark innovation. (UNESCO, 2012) 6
  7. 7. OA Publishing Some major publishers allow the published PDF version to be deposited in an IR (CONCORDIA, 2013): 7
  8. 8. OA Publishing Some major publishers allow the postprint (final, refereed manuscript) to be deposited in an IR (sometimes with an embargo): 8
  9. 9. OA Publishing “Emerald supports authors' voluntary deposit of their own work. Once an article has been published by Emerald, an author may voluntarily post their own version of the article that was submitted to the journal (pre-print) or the version of the article that has been accepted for publication (post-print) onto their own personal website or into their own institutional repository with no payment or embargo period. Authors may also use their own version of the paper (pre-print or post-print) for their own teaching purposes.” (EMERALD, 2013) 9
  10. 10. Benefits of Open Access 10
  11. 11. Organisations Supporting OA UNESCO  OA is at the heart of UNESCO’s goal to provide universal access to information and knowledge  Believes that increased access to, and sharing of knowledge leads to opportunities for equitable economic and social development, intercultural dialogue, and has the potential to spark innovation. (UNESCO, 2012)  Has a detailed Open Access Policy guidelines document. 11
  12. 12. Organisations Supporting OA EIFL  Has an Open Access programme in place  Building capacity to launch OA repositories and to ensure their long-term sustainability.  Training, supporting knowledge sharing, and providing expertise on OA policies and practices  Empowering librarians and library professionals, scholars, educators and students to become OA advocates.  More information on 12
  13. 13. Organisations Supporting OA IFLA  “IFLA affirms that comprehensive open access to scholarly literature and research documentation is vital to the understanding of our world and to the identification of solutions to global challenges and particularly the reduction of information inequality.” (IFLA, 2013)  Building capacity to launch OA repositories and to ensure their long-term sustainability. 13
  14. 14. Organisations Supporting OA INASP  Extensive information on OA  Links to OA resources  Annual OA Week Competitions  More information on 14
  15. 15. Organisations Supporting OA African Digital Libraries Support Network (ADLSN)  A community of African practitioners and other interested actors with a common goal of supporting the preservation and dissemination of African content in digital form.  Specialises in Open Source repository software  Implementation  Training  Technical Support  More information on 15
  16. 16. OA-Related Open Source Software Category Repository Software Examples DSpace, Greenstone, ePrints Publishing Systems Open Journal Systems, E-Journal (Drupal Module) Subject Guides Software SubjectsPlus, Library a la Carte, LibData 16
  17. 17. How to Promote Open Access  Launch an OA Institutional Repository.  Get support from top management  Provide usage statistics  Help academics to deposit their research articles in the IR  Consider publishing an institutional OA journal.  Use Open Source software, e.g., OJS  Implement Subject Guides and work with academics when putting links to OA resources. 17
  18. 18. How to Promote Open Access  Look for good quality OA resources and provide links to them on your website.  Use social media to reach out to your audience and spread the news.  Include OA issues when conducting Information Literacy Skills (ILS) training.  Make use of tools such as Google Custom Search to create custom search engines for OA resources.  Collaborate with other organisations/institutions 18
  19. 19. How to Promote Open Access  Celebrate International OA Week annually.  Distribute promotional OA materials widely  Get buy-in from academics  Identify internal and external champions.  Subject Librarians should be constantly in touch with their constituencies on this matter.  Establish full-text Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) for your institution, backed by policies mandating students to submit their work. 19
  20. 20. How to Promote Open Access  Lobby for an Open Access Policy for your institution.  Keep up-to-date with OA developments through social networks, e.g., OA group on LinkedIn 20
  21. 21. Conclusion As the Open Access movement gains momentum worldwide, it is essential for librarians and other information professionals to acquire the necessary skills in order to assist users to retrieve quality information from the growing pool of electronic resources. This will go a long way in enhancing the impact of research output made available via Open Access 21
  22. 22. Thank You Amos Kujenga EIFL-FOSS National Coordinator, Zimbabwe