Supporting open access through open source software


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Supporting open access through open source software

  1. 1. Supporting Open Access Through Open Source Software Amos Kujenga NUST Library Lupane State University, 25 October 2012
  2. 2. Objectives of Presentation• To define Open Source Software• To show the relationship between the Open Access movement and Open Source Software• To showcase some Open Source Software being used at NUST 2
  3. 3. Outline of Presentation• Open Source Software• Open Access and Open Source• DSpace• Greenstone• SubjectsPlus• Conclusion 3
  4. 4. Open Source Software (OSS)• Open Source Software (OSS) is software for which the source code, that is, the raw format of the programme as punched in by a programmer in some programming language, is freely available. Furthermore, the software can be modified and redistributed freely according to a specified license.• The Open Source Initiative (OSI) definition of OSS includes 10 conditions that the software must satisfy. See• OSS is as free as “a free puppy” 4
  5. 5. Open Source Software (OSS) 5
  6. 6. OSS Advantages• No annual subscriptions• The software code is open to criticism and so weaknesses can be identified easily.• Users have the freedom to change (or customise) the software to meet their particular needs, e.g., languages translations, character sets.• There are no “black boxes” since the code can be viewed by anyone.• Empowers locals through technical skills development. 6
  7. 7. OSS Disadvantages• Projects can die a natural death as people lose interest or new technologies come up.• When things go wrong, there is no one to blame, i.e., the software comes with no warranties.• Most OSS applications require a high level of technical skills.• There is much work to be done when upgrading after customising a system. 7
  8. 8. Open Access & Open Source“The parallels between this movement - what hascome to be known as “ open access” – and opensource are striking. For both, the ultimatewellspring is the Internet, and…for both theirpractitioners, it is RECOGNITION – notRECOMPENSE – that drives them to participate.”(Eklektix, 2006) 8
  9. 9. Open Access & Open Source• Those affected by the crisis in scholarly communication are also affected by high costs of proprietary software.• OSS can be used to enhance and broaden access to scholarly materials in a digital environment. 9
  10. 10. DSpace• Used to host the NUST Institutional Repository (NuSpace)• Developed by MIT labs and Hewlett Packard• Content is organised into communities and collections• Accepts all manner of digital formats• Users can upload content on their own• Arguably the most popular IR software globally• Rather difficult to install and configure• Large community of users worldwide 10
  11. 11. DSpace @ NUST 11
  12. 12. DSpace @ NUST• NuSpace accessible online on• Communities made up of faculties and units• Contains journal articles, conference papers, and speeches• Running on Fedora Linux server• Registered with OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories)• Due to be launched soon 12
  13. 13. DSpace @ NUST 13
  14. 14. DSpace @ NUST 14
  15. 15. Greenstone• Software for building and distributing digital library collections• A “general purpose” digital library software application, i.e., can be used for several purposes• Best suited for digital libraries as opposed to IRs• “Depositor” facility can be used to build an IR• First developed in 1996 by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato’s Computer Science Department 15
  16. 16. Greenstone• Has been heavily supported by UNESCO• Access to content can be controlled at collection and document level• Easy to install and configure• Large community of users 16
  17. 17. Greenstone• Aims to empower users, particularly in universities, libraries, and other public service institutions to build their own digital libraries (to avoid being read-only societies)• Aims to encourage the effective deployment of digital libraries to share information and place it in the public domain• More information on: • • 17
  18. 18. Greenstone @ NUST 18
  19. 19. Greenstone @ NUST• Used to host the NUST Digital Library (NuStone)• Accessible online on• Includes several digital collections• Running on Fedora Linux server• Appears on the official Greenstone examples page: 19
  20. 20. Greenstone @ NUSTPast Exam Papers Collection• Most popular collection in NuStone• Includes over 3400 papers spanning 13 years from the institution’s 6 faculties• Users can • download full papers • perform full text searches • browse papers by Course Titles, Years(Dates), and Faculties 20
  21. 21. Greenstone @ NUST 21
  22. 22. Greenstone @ NUST 22
  23. 23. SubjectsPlus• SubjectsPlus is a web based set of programs that allow you to build subject guides PLUS other tools• It provides facilities to dynamically manage a library’s subject, course, and topic guides.• Subject guides help users to easily find resources related to their subject areas• Runs under the XAMP (Windows/Linux-Apache- MySQL-PHP/Perl/Python) environment 23
  24. 24. SubjectsPlus• More information on: • • 24
  25. 25. SubjectsPlus @ NUST• Accessible online on• Guides arranged by academic department• Guides built by teams led by Faculty Librarians• Built as part of an EIFL FOSS pilot project• Running on Fedora Linux server 25
  26. 26. SubjectsPlus @ NUST 26
  27. 27. SubjectsPlus @ NUST 27
  28. 28. SubjectsPlus @ NUST 28
  29. 29. ConclusionThanks to the exponential growth of the world wideweb, Open Source Software is a worthwhile option inthe quest to provide access to high qualityinformation resources. It should be noted though,that while the software itself comes free, there arecosts related to its use such as infrastructure,training/capacity building, and maintenance.Remember that Open Source is as free as a freepuppy! 29
  30. 30. Thank You Amos Kujenga NUST