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Use of Wikipedia as a teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences

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Presentation by Chris Harlow at University of Edinburgh Open Knowledge Network event, 28th April 2017

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Use of Wikipedia as a teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences

  1. 1. Use of Wikipedia as a teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences 2nd Open Knowledge Network 28th April 2017 Wikipedia: Barbarian invading the ivory tower or effective teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences education?
  2. 2. • How has Wikipedia been used in higher education and in biomedical sciences and medicine? • What is the value of using Wikipedia in higher education teaching?
  3. 3. Why Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences teaching? “Just a few years ago Wikipedia was seen as a barbarian invading the ivory tower. Now, an increasing number of academics recognize that it can be used as an effective teaching tool.” Konieczny, P (2012)
  4. 4. Recent publications on use of Wikipedia in Higher Education Why Medical Schools Should Embrace Wikipedia: Final-Year Medical Student Contributions to Wikipedia Articles for Academic Credit at One School Azzam A et al (2017) Students' use of Wikipedia as an academic resource — Patterns of use and perceptions of usefulness. Selwyn N & Gorard G (2016)
  5. 5. Roles of Wikipedia in higher education • “a unique opportunity for educating students in digital literacy” (Okoli et al, 2014) • “Today a student who makes the slightest correction to a Wikipedia article is contributing more to the state of public knowledge, in a matter of minutes, than I was able to do over the course of my entire grade school education, such as it was”. (Willinsky, 2009)
  6. 6. Azzam A et al (2017) Academic Medicine 92; 194-200
  7. 7. Subject Area Make use of Wikipedia as part of their academic studies (Percentages) If using Wikipedia, then find it to be ‘useful’ or ‘very useful’ for academic studies If using Wikipedia, then find it to be ‘very useful’ for academic studies Engineering, Computer Science & Maths 96.8 78.2 37.4 Law 91.9 53.2 22.1 Creative Arts & Design 91.5 68.2 25.6 Sciences 90.6 72.7 28.7 Humanities, Languages & Library Studies 86.8 61.7 13.6 Medicine & Allied Subjects 84.8 67.7 27.4 Business 83.9 64.6 21.9 Social Science, Economics & Politics 80.6 67.1 21.3 Education 72.3 34.4 8.1 Students' use of Wikipedia by subject area, and the perceived usefulness of this use Adapted from: Selwyn N & Gorard G (2016) Internet and Higher Education 28;28-34
  8. 8. Use of Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences at UoE 2015 • 29 Reproductive Biology Honours students (50% Biomedical Science, 50% intercalating medics) • 4-5 students/group • Semester 1, week 1, Core Course “Research Skills in Reproductive Biology” • Staff: Expert on topic, Wikimedian, Librarian, Learning, Teaching & Web Services • Search Term “Neuroangiogenesis”
  9. 9. Teaching spaces: LG.06, David Hume Tower, m2b, Appleton Tower, Microlab 4, Chancellor’s Building
  10. 10. Timetable Week 1 • 09.35 – 09.40 – Student-directed digital learning • 09.40 – 09.55 – Introduction to Wikipedia • 09.55 – 10.15 - Literature searching examples • 10.15 – 10.35 Groupwork session 1 – Each group used one of the search engines to see how many papers they can find. Different spellings? Dictionary definition? • 10.35 - 10.45 Discussion of findings • 10.45 - 12.10 Groupwork session 2. This is the main search session. Each group has their own aspect to research • 12.10 – 12.25 Discussion of findings • 12.25 – 12.30 Further plans for Wikipedia site generation
  11. 11. Week 2 (3 hour session) • 3 students volunteered • Wikipedia editing skills • Compiling material into a Wikipedia Page
  12. 12. Final Product
  13. 13. Use of Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences at UoE 2016 • 38 Reproductive Biology Honours students (50% Biomedical Science, 50% intercalating medics) • 4-5 per group with tutor • Sem 1 Week 1: 3 hours information gathering • Week 2: 3 hours creating Wikipedia Pages
  14. 14. Articles created • Globoszoospermia • Scar free healing • Prophylactic salpingectomy • Testicular dysgenesis syndrome • Obesity and Fertility • Oogonial (Female Germline) stem cells • Spermatogonial Stem Cells Articles edited and improved • Spermatogonium • In vitro maturation
  15. 15. Article Title Number of page views since Sept 2016 Globoszoospermia 10 Scar free healing 22 Prophylactic salpingectomy 10 Testicular dysgenesis syndrome 13 Obesity and Fertility 259 Oogonial (Female Germline) stem cells 179 Spermatogonial Stem Cells 359 Spermatogonium Jul 2015 to Sep 2016 34,265 Since Sep 2016 16,392 In vitro maturation Jul 2015 to Sep 2016 25 Since Sep 2016 19
  16. 16. To date, only used Wikipedia for formative assessment
  17. 17. Other uses of Wikipedia in teaching • Summer Project • Student at end of 3rd year approached me for a project • I identified a new term “High-Grade Serous Carcinoma” • Student research topic, obtained Wikipedia editing training and wrote draft of article • Final draft edited by me.
  18. 18. Wikipedia in the classroom – a student’s perspective https://media.ed.ac.uk/media/1_uz84xidn
  19. 19. Resources • Chris Harlow c.harlow@ed.ac.uk • Sheila Fisken – Medical Librarian • IS – Learning, Teaching and Web Services
  20. 20. References 1. Konieczny P. (2012) First Monday, Volume 17, Number 9 - 3 September 2012 http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3583/3313 2. Selwyn N and Gorard S (2015) Students' use of Wikipedia as an academic resource — Patterns of use and perceptions of usefulness. Internet and Higher Education 28;28-34 3. Azzam A, Bresler D, Leon A, Maggio L, Whitaker E, Otoide K, et al. (2017) Academic Medicine 92; 194-200 4. Okoli, C, Mehdi, M, Mesgari, M, Nielsen, F, & Lanamäki, A. (2014).Wikipedia in the eyes of its beholders. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 65; 2381–2403. 5. Willinsky, J. (2009). Foreword. In: C. Vrasidas, M. Zembylas, & G. Glass (Eds.), ICT for education, development and social justice (pp. xi–xiv). Charlotte NC: Information Age.

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