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Use of Wikipedia as a teaching tool in
Biomedical Sciences
2nd Open Knowledge Network 28th April 2017
Wikipedia: Barbarian invading the ivory
tower or effective teaching tool in
Biomedical Sciences education?
• How has Wikipedia been used in higher
education and in biomedical sciences and
medicine?
• What is the value of using Wikipedia in higher
education teaching?
Why Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences
teaching?
“Just a few years ago Wikipedia was seen as a
barbarian invading the ivory tower. Now, an
increasing number of academics recognize that
it can be used as an effective teaching tool.”
Konieczny, P (2012)
Recent publications on use of
Wikipedia in Higher Education
Why Medical Schools Should Embrace
Wikipedia: Final-Year Medical Student
Contributions to Wikipedia Articles for
Academic Credit at One School
Azzam A et al (2017)
Students' use of Wikipedia as an academic resource —
Patterns of use and perceptions of usefulness.
Selwyn N & Gorard G (2016)
Roles of Wikipedia in higher education
• “a unique opportunity for educating students
in digital literacy” (Okoli et al, 2014)
• “Today a student who makes the slightest
correction to a Wikipedia article is
contributing more to the state of public
knowledge, in a matter of minutes, than I was
able to do over the course of my entire grade
school education, such as it was”. (Willinsky,
2009)
Azzam A et al (2017)
Academic Medicine 92; 194-200
Subject Area Make use of
Wikipedia as part
of their academic
studies
(Percentages)
If using Wikipedia,
then find it to be
‘useful’ or ‘very
useful’ for academic
studies
If using Wikipedia,
then find it to be
‘very useful’ for
academic studies
Engineering,
Computer Science &
Maths
96.8 78.2 37.4
Law 91.9 53.2 22.1
Creative Arts &
Design
91.5 68.2 25.6
Sciences 90.6 72.7 28.7
Humanities,
Languages & Library
Studies
86.8 61.7 13.6
Medicine & Allied
Subjects
84.8 67.7 27.4
Business 83.9 64.6 21.9
Social Science,
Economics & Politics
80.6 67.1 21.3
Education
72.3 34.4 8.1
Students' use of Wikipedia by subject area, and the perceived usefulness of this use
Adapted from: Selwyn N & Gorard G (2016) Internet and Higher Education 28;28-34
Use of Wikipedia in Biomedical
Sciences at UoE 2015
• 29 Reproductive Biology Honours students
(50% Biomedical Science, 50% intercalating
medics)
• 4-5 students/group
• Semester 1, week 1, Core Course “Research
Skills in Reproductive Biology”
• Staff: Expert on topic, Wikimedian, Librarian,
Learning, Teaching & Web Services
• Search Term “Neuroangiogenesis”
Teaching spaces: LG.06, David Hume Tower, m2b,
Appleton Tower, Microlab 4, Chancellor’s Building
Timetable Week 1
• 09.35 – 09.40 – Student-directed digital learning
• 09.40 – 09.55 – Introduction to Wikipedia
• 09.55 – 10.15 - Literature searching examples
• 10.15 – 10.35 Groupwork session 1 – Each group used one
of the search engines to see how many papers they can
find. Different spellings? Dictionary definition?
• 10.35 - 10.45 Discussion of findings
• 10.45 - 12.10 Groupwork session 2. This is the main search
session. Each group has their own aspect to research
• 12.10 – 12.25 Discussion of findings
• 12.25 – 12.30 Further plans for Wikipedia site generation
Week 2 (3 hour session)
• 3 students volunteered
• Wikipedia editing skills
• Compiling material into a Wikipedia Page
Final Product
Use of Wikipedia in Biomedical
Sciences at UoE 2016
• 38 Reproductive Biology Honours students
(50% Biomedical Science, 50% intercalating
medics)
• 4-5 per group with tutor
• Sem 1 Week 1: 3 hours information gathering
• Week 2: 3 hours creating Wikipedia Pages
Articles created
• Globoszoospermia
• Scar free healing
• Prophylactic salpingectomy
• Testicular dysgenesis syndrome
• Obesity and Fertility
• Oogonial (Female Germline) stem cells
• Spermatogonial Stem Cells
Articles edited and improved
• Spermatogonium
• In vitro maturation
Article Title Number of page views since Sept 2016
Globoszoospermia 10
Scar free healing 22
Prophylactic salpingectomy 10
Testicular dysgenesis syndrome 13
Obesity and Fertility 259
Oogonial (Female Germline) stem cells 179
Spermatogonial Stem Cells 359
Spermatogonium Jul 2015 to Sep 2016 34,265
Since Sep 2016 16,392
In vitro maturation Jul 2015 to Sep 2016 25
Since Sep 2016 19
To date, only used Wikipedia for
formative assessment
Other uses of Wikipedia in teaching
• Summer Project
• Student at end of 3rd year approached me for
a project
• I identified a new term “High-Grade Serous
Carcinoma”
• Student research topic, obtained Wikipedia
editing training and wrote draft of article
• Final draft edited by me.
Wikipedia in the classroom – a
student’s perspective
https://media.ed.ac.uk/media/1_uz84xidn
Resources
• Chris Harlow c.harlow@ed.ac.uk
• Sheila Fisken – Medical Librarian
• IS – Learning, Teaching and Web Services
References
1. Konieczny P. (2012) First Monday, Volume 17, Number 9 - 3 September 2012
http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3583/3313
2. Selwyn N and Gorard S (2015) Students' use of Wikipedia as an academic resource
— Patterns of use and perceptions of usefulness. Internet and Higher Education
28;28-34
3. Azzam A, Bresler D, Leon A, Maggio L, Whitaker E, Otoide K, et al. (2017) Academic
Medicine 92; 194-200
4. Okoli, C, Mehdi, M, Mesgari, M, Nielsen, F, & Lanamäki, A. (2014).Wikipedia in the
eyes of its beholders. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and
Technology 65; 2381–2403.
5. Willinsky, J. (2009). Foreword. In: C. Vrasidas, M. Zembylas, & G. Glass (Eds.), ICT
for education, development and social justice (pp. xi–xiv). Charlotte NC:
Information Age.

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Use of Wikipedia as a teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences

  • 1. Use of Wikipedia as a teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences 2nd Open Knowledge Network 28th April 2017 Wikipedia: Barbarian invading the ivory tower or effective teaching tool in Biomedical Sciences education?
  • 2. • How has Wikipedia been used in higher education and in biomedical sciences and medicine? • What is the value of using Wikipedia in higher education teaching?
  • 3. Why Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences teaching? “Just a few years ago Wikipedia was seen as a barbarian invading the ivory tower. Now, an increasing number of academics recognize that it can be used as an effective teaching tool.” Konieczny, P (2012)
  • 4. Recent publications on use of Wikipedia in Higher Education Why Medical Schools Should Embrace Wikipedia: Final-Year Medical Student Contributions to Wikipedia Articles for Academic Credit at One School Azzam A et al (2017) Students' use of Wikipedia as an academic resource — Patterns of use and perceptions of usefulness. Selwyn N & Gorard G (2016)
  • 5. Roles of Wikipedia in higher education • “a unique opportunity for educating students in digital literacy” (Okoli et al, 2014) • “Today a student who makes the slightest correction to a Wikipedia article is contributing more to the state of public knowledge, in a matter of minutes, than I was able to do over the course of my entire grade school education, such as it was”. (Willinsky, 2009)
  • 6. Azzam A et al (2017) Academic Medicine 92; 194-200
  • 7. Subject Area Make use of Wikipedia as part of their academic studies (Percentages) If using Wikipedia, then find it to be ‘useful’ or ‘very useful’ for academic studies If using Wikipedia, then find it to be ‘very useful’ for academic studies Engineering, Computer Science & Maths 96.8 78.2 37.4 Law 91.9 53.2 22.1 Creative Arts & Design 91.5 68.2 25.6 Sciences 90.6 72.7 28.7 Humanities, Languages & Library Studies 86.8 61.7 13.6 Medicine & Allied Subjects 84.8 67.7 27.4 Business 83.9 64.6 21.9 Social Science, Economics & Politics 80.6 67.1 21.3 Education 72.3 34.4 8.1 Students' use of Wikipedia by subject area, and the perceived usefulness of this use Adapted from: Selwyn N & Gorard G (2016) Internet and Higher Education 28;28-34
  • 8. Use of Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences at UoE 2015 • 29 Reproductive Biology Honours students (50% Biomedical Science, 50% intercalating medics) • 4-5 students/group • Semester 1, week 1, Core Course “Research Skills in Reproductive Biology” • Staff: Expert on topic, Wikimedian, Librarian, Learning, Teaching & Web Services • Search Term “Neuroangiogenesis”
  • 9. Teaching spaces: LG.06, David Hume Tower, m2b, Appleton Tower, Microlab 4, Chancellor’s Building
  • 10.
  • 11. Timetable Week 1 • 09.35 – 09.40 – Student-directed digital learning • 09.40 – 09.55 – Introduction to Wikipedia • 09.55 – 10.15 - Literature searching examples • 10.15 – 10.35 Groupwork session 1 – Each group used one of the search engines to see how many papers they can find. Different spellings? Dictionary definition? • 10.35 - 10.45 Discussion of findings • 10.45 - 12.10 Groupwork session 2. This is the main search session. Each group has their own aspect to research • 12.10 – 12.25 Discussion of findings • 12.25 – 12.30 Further plans for Wikipedia site generation
  • 12. Week 2 (3 hour session) • 3 students volunteered • Wikipedia editing skills • Compiling material into a Wikipedia Page
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16. Use of Wikipedia in Biomedical Sciences at UoE 2016 • 38 Reproductive Biology Honours students (50% Biomedical Science, 50% intercalating medics) • 4-5 per group with tutor • Sem 1 Week 1: 3 hours information gathering • Week 2: 3 hours creating Wikipedia Pages
  • 17. Articles created • Globoszoospermia • Scar free healing • Prophylactic salpingectomy • Testicular dysgenesis syndrome • Obesity and Fertility • Oogonial (Female Germline) stem cells • Spermatogonial Stem Cells Articles edited and improved • Spermatogonium • In vitro maturation
  • 18. Article Title Number of page views since Sept 2016 Globoszoospermia 10 Scar free healing 22 Prophylactic salpingectomy 10 Testicular dysgenesis syndrome 13 Obesity and Fertility 259 Oogonial (Female Germline) stem cells 179 Spermatogonial Stem Cells 359 Spermatogonium Jul 2015 to Sep 2016 34,265 Since Sep 2016 16,392 In vitro maturation Jul 2015 to Sep 2016 25 Since Sep 2016 19
  • 19. To date, only used Wikipedia for formative assessment
  • 20. Other uses of Wikipedia in teaching • Summer Project • Student at end of 3rd year approached me for a project • I identified a new term “High-Grade Serous Carcinoma” • Student research topic, obtained Wikipedia editing training and wrote draft of article • Final draft edited by me.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. Wikipedia in the classroom – a student’s perspective https://media.ed.ac.uk/media/1_uz84xidn
  • 24. Resources • Chris Harlow c.harlow@ed.ac.uk • Sheila Fisken – Medical Librarian • IS – Learning, Teaching and Web Services
  • 25. References 1. Konieczny P. (2012) First Monday, Volume 17, Number 9 - 3 September 2012 http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3583/3313 2. Selwyn N and Gorard S (2015) Students' use of Wikipedia as an academic resource — Patterns of use and perceptions of usefulness. Internet and Higher Education 28;28-34 3. Azzam A, Bresler D, Leon A, Maggio L, Whitaker E, Otoide K, et al. (2017) Academic Medicine 92; 194-200 4. Okoli, C, Mehdi, M, Mesgari, M, Nielsen, F, & Lanamäki, A. (2014).Wikipedia in the eyes of its beholders. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 65; 2381–2403. 5. Willinsky, J. (2009). Foreword. In: C. Vrasidas, M. Zembylas, & G. Glass (Eds.), ICT for education, development and social justice (pp. xi–xiv). Charlotte NC: Information Age.