Environment Monitoring:
An Overview
“Environment"
• Most commonly used to describe "natural"
environment;
• Means the sum of all living and non-living things
...
Human Health:
• Environmental health and safety can only be
achieved if we prevent and control pollutants
from entering in...
“Infrastructure Goods & Services”
Production of various goods and services needs various inputs in the form
of raw materia...
“Current Scenario for Environment Protection”
• Regulatory Authorities by and large prescriptive with
environmental norms ...
“Environment Monitoring"
Refers to the processes and activities that need to be
undertaken to characterize and monitor the...
“Components of Environment Monitoring"
• Legal framework ;
• Institutional Mechanism;
• Monitoring Facilities;
• Normative...
“Legislative Framework"
Global Initiative 1974 UN Stockholm Conference.
• Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,...
“Institutional Mechanism"
• Central Pollution Control Board;
• State Pollution Control Boards;
• Ministry of Environment &...
Environmental Monitoring
Hardware and Software
• On-site Facilities: Stack platforms, portals, power
supply, weirs, notche...
Environmental Monitoring
Major National Programmes:
• National Air Quality Monitoring Programme;
• Global Environment Moni...
Environmental Monitoring
“Constraints”
• Spread of the monitoring networks;
• Accessibility and outreach of monitoring dat...
Environmental Monitoring
“Future”
• Adopt remote / sensor based GPRS technologies;
• Emission/Pollutant Trading System;
• ...
Thanks
Let’s be Environmentally
Responsible
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Env monitoring (2)

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Env monitoring (2)

  1. 1. Environment Monitoring: An Overview
  2. 2. “Environment" • Most commonly used to describe "natural" environment; • Means the sum of all living and non-living things that surround an organism, or group of organisms; • Includes all elements (biotic and abiotic) factors and conditions that have some impact on growth and development of certain organism. • Often undergoes dynamic changes due to several stresses (natural/manmade); • Organisms species develop amenability to adapt to such changes for survival. Environmental Monitoring
  3. 3. Human Health: • Environmental health and safety can only be achieved if we prevent and control pollutants from entering into the environment; • Evolution of legal instruments and standards; • Third party risks and liabilities. Environmental Monitoring
  4. 4. “Infrastructure Goods & Services” Production of various goods and services needs various inputs in the form of raw materials including chemicals; Handling and Use of these raw materials chemicals have inherent hazards to the workers, public and environment; Ultimate disposal of the wastes pose challenges e.g.: (a) Non-biodegradable wastes not amenable to cost effective means of treatment; (b) waste management and disposal costs; (c) safety of workers’ and public health; (d) Market instruments and environmental compatibility for the products. Environmental Monitoring
  5. 5. “Current Scenario for Environment Protection” • Regulatory Authorities by and large prescriptive with environmental norms and also emphasize on the control applications rather on appropriate technologies in production, resource conservation, pollution reduction. • Pollution control technologies as end of pipe solution are although able to meet the prescribed norms but the O&M costs add enormously to the products costs; • Stiff global competition in cost cutting and regulatory pressures are leading to a rethinking towards prevention of pollution strategies in production, resource conservation and pollution reduction at source. • Need for a paradigm shift in waste management hierarchy . Environmental Monitoring
  6. 6. “Environment Monitoring" Refers to the processes and activities that need to be undertaken to characterize and monitor the quality of the environment. Used for • To establish baseline environmental benchmarks thresholds; • Prediction of environmental impacts due to prospective developments; • Risk assessment of environmental stresses to society; • Establish status of mandatory compliance; • Formulate policies and plans. Environmental Monitoring
  7. 7. “Components of Environment Monitoring" • Legal framework ; • Institutional Mechanism; • Monitoring Facilities; • Normative Benchmarks. • Assessment & Follow up. Environmental Monitoring
  8. 8. “Legislative Framework" Global Initiative 1974 UN Stockholm Conference. • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974; • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981; • Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Environmental Monitoring
  9. 9. “Institutional Mechanism" • Central Pollution Control Board; • State Pollution Control Boards; • Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India; • Approved Agencies; • Non Governmental Organizations. Environmental Monitoring
  10. 10. Environmental Monitoring Hardware and Software • On-site Facilities: Stack platforms, portals, power supply, weirs, notches, flumes, gauges, sumps; • Off-site Facilities: Laboratories, Equipments, Controlled atmosphere. • Remote Facilities: Sensors, loggers, communication systems.
  11. 11. Environmental Monitoring Major National Programmes: • National Air Quality Monitoring Programme; • Global Environment Monitoring System; • Monitoring of Inland National Aquatic Resources Systems. • Self Monitoring Systems.
  12. 12. Environmental Monitoring “Constraints” • Spread of the monitoring networks; • Accessibility and outreach of monitoring data; • Use of data by user agencies; • Adoption of Monitoring Technology; • Capacity of Monitoring Agencies.
  13. 13. Environmental Monitoring “Future” • Adopt remote / sensor based GPRS technologies; • Emission/Pollutant Trading System; • Institutional Capacity Building; • Third Party Monitoring; • Encourage self-monitoring; • Capacity of Monitoring Agencies.
  14. 14. Thanks Let’s be Environmentally Responsible

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