SGP<br />“Read! Your Lord is the Most Bountiful one who taught by the pen, who taught man what he did not know.”<br />
Thesis<br />My thesis is to demonstrate the benefits of women’s education in northern Pakistan and Afghanistan, including ...
Statistics<br />Literacy<br />Girls 12.6% <br />Boys 43.1%<br />School Life expectancy<br />Girls 4 years<br />Boys 11 yea...
Afghanistan<br />Infant Mortality<br />154.14/1000<br />This is the second highest in the world, after Angola<br />Fertili...
Pakistan<br />Literacy<br />Girls 36 %<br />Boys 63%<br />School Life expectancy<br />Girls 6 years<br />Boys 7 years<br />
Pakistan<br />Infant Mortality<br />67.36/1000 (does not include northern areas)<br />Fertility Rate<br />3.43 children pe...
America<br />Literacy<br />Girls 99%<br />Boys 99%<br />School Life Expectancy<br />Girls 16 years<br />Boys 15 years<br /...
Vocabulary<br />Islam- the majority religion in Pakistan and Afghanistan.<br />Militant Islam- terrorist groups like Al-Qa...
Geography<br />
Intro<br />"We can drop bombs, hand out condoms, put in electricity, but you won't see change without girls' education. I ...
Long Term Effect<br />Unlike other forms of aid such as food, clothing and shelter<br />Education does not run out, wear o...
Cost Effectiveness<br />A primary school costs $ 25,000-50,000 to build and support for five years.<br />An annual scholar...
Giving Back to the Community<br />A woman is more likely than a man to return to her village after high school and college...
Local Effect<br />Healthcare<br />Education provides villages with doctors.<br />A fifth grade education drops infant mort...
Local Effect, cont’d<br />Infrastructure<br />Depending on the village’s location, a bridge, road or tunnel might have to ...
Global Effect, Part 1<br />Peaceful way of fighting Islamic Extremism<br />With an education, one can become a skilled wor...
Global Effect, Part 2<br />Economic Development<br />More educated people are good for the economy because they have more ...
Cycle of Poverty<br />
With Education<br />
Map<br />
Fighting Terrorism<br />How education fights Militant Islam<br />Provides young adults and teens with skills<br />Moderate...
Opposition to Violence in the Qur’an<br />Nay,-whoever submits His whole self to God and is a doer of good,- He will get h...
Continued<br />…For those who believe and do good deeds, there will be no fear, nor will they grieve. 6:48<br />For those ...
Violence in the Qur’an<br />When the four forbidden months are over, whenever you encounter the idolaters, kill them, seiz...
Opposition to Education<br />Two different fatwas have been issued against Mortenson because of CAI.<br />The first, Shi’a...
Education in the Qur’an<br />Some religious leaders claim that educating girls goes against the Qur’an.<br />There is no e...
Bake Sale Flop<br />I tried to have a bake sale on Diversity Day.<br />With 50 cupcakes, 48 brownies and 2.5 gallons of ri...
Challenges<br />Getting peoples’ attention<br />This was very difficult as there were many different events happening at t...
Continued<br />Explaining myself<br />Because I am not Muslim or Middle Eastern, many people wanted to know essentially wh...
Learning Experience<br />It doesn’t always work out the way it’s supposed to.<br />Baking isn’t enough. Icing is also nece...
Continued<br />Some little thing will go wrong at some point. It won’t ruin everything, and chances are, no one will notic...
Successes<br />Baked and iced 50 cupcakes and brownies<br />Learned how to make rice pudding, and made 2.5 gallons<br />Ma...
Jahan Ali<br />Graduated in Korphe’s first class<br />Studied public policy in Skardu<br />Now studying government and hop...
Shakila Khan<br />Graduated from the Hushe Valley school, south of Korphe<br />Twenty-two years old and attending college ...
Aziza Hussain<br />From the eastern Hunza Valley, almost China<br />Before she earned a CAI scholarship for a two year hea...
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Senior Project on Women's Education in Pakistan and Afghanistan

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  • 96:1-5 Qur&apos;an
  • School life expectancy=number of years a child is expected to remain in school. (www.cia.com)
  • Infant mortality is deaths/live births. Fertility rate is relevant because the more educated a woman is, the fewer children she has. (www.cia.com) Image is a woman named Siamoy
  • Due the remoteness of northern Pakistan, statistics include little if any data from these areas. Notes from the Afghanistan slides apply to this one as well. (www.cia.com)
  • Due the remoteness of northern Pakistan, statistics include little if any data from these areas. Notes from the Afghanistan slides apply to this one as well. (www.cia.com)
  • This slide is for comparison to the previous (www.cia.com)
  • Scan in maps from Stones into schools
  • Image courtesy Central Asia Institute (Mortenson, Three Cups of Tea 173, 194-195; Mulrine, U.S. News and World Report; www.ikat.org) The next three slides discuss the subpoints in greater detail.
  • Bring up saying “Give a man a fish, teach a man to fish.” Children often teach their parents what they learn in school. (Mortenson 173; Mulrine, U.S. News and World Report)
  • All numbers are in USD. Comparisons-1. BMW (www.bmw.com) 2. 40 in. LCD TV (www.amazon.com) 3. brand-name/designer boots (www.dsw.com) 4. Hollister t-shirt www.hollister.com)Using local businesses and unskilled labor from villagers keeps costs low and helps economy. School supplies include uniforms, often a child’s first new clothes. Also compare to tomahawk missile, $840,000.(www.ikat.com)
  • (Mulrine, U.S. News and World Report)
  • Mention Mortenson’s meeting with Rumsfeld and the military/hospitality factor. Hospitality is a very important part of all the tribes and villages from Wakhan to Helmand. A person in need is never refused help. However, a person who storms in with a gun is always refused. Donald Rumsfeld was willing to give Mortenson all the money he needed if American materials, troops and teachers were sent in to build and staff the schools. Mortenson said no. (Mortenson, Three Cups of Tea 194-195; www.googleimages)
  • First school, Korphe-bridge had to be built first. A landslide took out some of the roads, so men carried roof beams about 15 miles to the village. Also, women’s empowerment-with a bridge, women can visit relatives they haven’t seen since marriage. (Mortenson 140)Image courtesy Central Asia Institute
  • 70% of Taliban fighters are mercenaries who have virtually no other way to make a living. The Afghan gov. tried and failed to start a program that would give jobs to Talibs. Mortenson’s schools provide a moderate curriculum of Arabic (the Qur&apos;an) and the differences between Sunni and Shi’a and some are slowly beginning to introduce Judeo-Christian classes. (Basset, Telegraph; Mulrine, U.S. News and World Report)
  • This could possibly even correlate to lower American taxes= if military bills are lowered because of increasing education. (www.cia.com; Rubin, Philadelphia Inquirer) also relates to slide on cost effective-ness
  • For the purpose of this presentation, I am using the word “madrassa” to mean a Saudi-funded, sunni-wahabi military training camp that provides little to know real education. (Wahabism is the most conservative sect of Sunni Islam and is based on a very literal interpretation of the Qur&apos;an. It is the religion practiced by the Taliban.) A madrassa is also used to mean a Sunday-school like program that is affiliated with a local mosque.A boy could be sent to a madrassa anywhere between six and twelve years old. A girl would be married around the age of sixteen, but in extreme cases could be married as young as nine. (www.ikat.com; Rubin Philadelphia Inquirer)
  • Pakistan’s school system only goes to tenth grade, so college starts around the age of 15-16. In a college, students may have to copy out books by hand because there aren’t enough, study by candle light and possibly hire bodyguards/soldiers for protection. Statistically, the more education a woman have, the fewer children she has. This stabilizes population growth. (www.ikat.com; Rubin Philadelphia Inquirer)
  • Explain terrorist and military activity in the region, including recent operation in Marjah, Helmand, Afghanistan. Also, significance of the Wakhan corridor schools and people. Image courtesy Central Asia Institute (www.ikat.com) UPDATE MAP
  • I’m using the term “militant Islam” to mean Al-Qaeda and the Taliban. Illiterate religious people can be easily manipulated by others claim to have studied Islam. A supposedly educated mullah/imam can convince an illiterate person that they must fight/kill/ hate the west/America in order to reach heaven and ultimate salvation. But if that person has read the Qur’an, they will realize that Islam is just a façade for the Militant’s violence. Islam is a religion of peace and life, strongly opposed to violence and death.
  • Islam is an open-minded and peaceful religion. These verses promote tolerance for all monotheistic religions, and even claim that anyone who worships 1 God can reach salvation. The Sabians were an early monotheistic group. Note that this is only one interpretation. “those who believe” could be interpreted to mean only Muslims, or only a specific sect of Islam, but this does not effect the second and last bullet. Note the phrase “no fear, nor shall they grieve”
  • The previous slide’s notes apply here
  • This refers to a treaty between Muslims and pagans (polytheists), broken by the pagans. According to the previous verses, the Muslims are to give the pagans four months to return to the broken treaty. During these four months, no one is to be harmed. After the four months, only pagans who disregarded the treaty will be attacked. Anyone who upheld the treaty and/or repents is not to be harmed.Without the historical and Qur&apos;anic context, this verse can be very easily misunderstood, or purposefully manipulated.
  • (Mortenson, 200) fatwa- a sort of religious “challenge” mufti-a religious scholar. Qom is a city in Iran were the top Shi’a scholars live. Comparable to the Vatican for Catholicism
  • Qur’an 96: 1-5 These are the very first ayats revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Therefore, by denying women education, the Taliban and other extremists deny them the ability to follow the first order of the Qur’an. (Bhutto 18)
  • Why it didn’t work: 1. not enough time, only 1 hour to sell 2.the table was very small so there wasn’t enough room for all the food 3. other events in the gym (dancing, etc) took people’s attention
  • Encouraging donation was the hardest thing to do, because I had to explain my entire project in about thirty seconds to people as they came up to the table and then moved on
  • Last bullet-when asked why I like the middle east so much, I generally say that I am simply fascinated by the culture, politics and religion. Often, people will then point out to me that I’m catholic. Occasionally, people have inadvertently made me feel like I shouldn’t take an interest in Islam and the Middle East
  • I did not fail. I learned a whole lot, the kind of stuff that one must learn from experience. Still, I was very disappointed afterword.Acknowledge help from Alias and Omar Farigi.
  • I did not fail. I learned a whole lot, the kind of stuff that one must learn from experience. Still, I was very disappointed afterword.Acknowledge help from Alias and Omar Farigi.
  • )Mortenson, 313, 16) Jahan’s late Grandfather, Haji Ali was the village chief. Skardu is the capital and only major city in Baltistan.
  • (Mortenson, 16)
  • Senior Project on Women's Education in Pakistan and Afghanistan

    1. 1. SGP<br />“Read! Your Lord is the Most Bountiful one who taught by the pen, who taught man what he did not know.”<br />
    2. 2. Thesis<br />My thesis is to demonstrate the benefits of women’s education in northern Pakistan and Afghanistan, including increased political stability, ability to give back to the community and long term effect.<br />
    3. 3. Statistics<br />Literacy<br />Girls 12.6% <br />Boys 43.1%<br />School Life expectancy<br />Girls 4 years<br />Boys 11 years<br />
    4. 4. Afghanistan<br />Infant Mortality<br />154.14/1000<br />This is the second highest in the world, after Angola<br />Fertility Rate<br />5.6 children per mother<br />
    5. 5. Pakistan<br />Literacy<br />Girls 36 %<br />Boys 63%<br />School Life expectancy<br />Girls 6 years<br />Boys 7 years<br />
    6. 6. Pakistan<br />Infant Mortality<br />67.36/1000 (does not include northern areas)<br />Fertility Rate<br />3.43 children per mother<br />
    7. 7. America<br />Literacy<br />Girls 99%<br />Boys 99%<br />School Life Expectancy<br />Girls 16 years<br />Boys 15 years<br />Infant Mortality<br />6.22/1000<br />Fertility Rate<br />2.05 children per mother<br />
    8. 8. Vocabulary<br />Islam- the majority religion in Pakistan and Afghanistan.<br />Militant Islam- terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda and the Taliban who distort Islam for their own purposes<br />
    9. 9. Geography<br />
    10. 10. Intro<br />"We can drop bombs, hand out condoms, put in electricity, but you won't see change without girls' education. I have seen profound change in the villages when girls learn to read and write.” Greg Mortenson, founder of Central Asia Institute<br /> Women’s education is the single most important factor in developing a society<br />Much less expensive than military force<br />Education has a long term effect<br />Education gives back to the community<br />No other form of humanitarian aid is as cost effective, long lasting and life saving as education.<br />
    11. 11. Long Term Effect<br />Unlike other forms of aid such as food, clothing and shelter<br />Education does not run out, wear out or fall apart<br />It never needs repairs and can never be taken from a person<br />Education works in a cycle<br />Students become teachers to other students, their parents and siblings, even their future children<br />
    12. 12. Cost Effectiveness<br />A primary school costs $ 25,000-50,000 to build and support for five years.<br />An annual scholarship for an advanced student is 800 dollars.<br />$100 buys maternal healthcare supplies for a year.<br />$20 provides a student with school supplies for a year.<br />
    13. 13. Giving Back to the Community<br />A woman is more likely than a man to return to her village after high school and college<br />High education professions such as teachers and doctors are desperately needed in remote villages<br />An educated woman who does not have a job will be able to take better care of her children<br />She will also be more likely to send her children to school than keep them at home to work<br />
    14. 14. Local Effect<br />Healthcare<br />Education provides villages with doctors.<br />A fifth grade education drops infant mortality in half.<br />Even the basic knowledge of boiling water before drinking it can save the lives of many small children.<br />Economy<br />Building materials are bought from local businesses.<br />Local teachers are hired.<br />Villages donate land and unskilled labor.<br />
    15. 15. Local Effect, cont’d<br />Infrastructure<br />Depending on the village’s location, a bridge, road or tunnel might have to be built or repaired in order to transport materials.<br />This also makes villages more accessible and less remote.<br />
    16. 16. Global Effect, Part 1<br />Peaceful way of fighting Islamic Extremism<br />With an education, one can become a skilled worker.<br />One can read the Qur'an themselves instead of relying on someone else’s interpretation.<br />Because boys as well as girls are educated, boys are not sent to madrassas<br />Educated mothers are less likely to allow their sons to join the army.<br />
    17. 17. Global Effect, Part 2<br />Economic Development<br />More educated people are good for the economy because they have more skills<br />A better economy means that less aid is needed<br />More job opportunities for people in remote villages<br />
    18. 18. Cycle of Poverty<br />
    19. 19. With Education<br />
    20. 20. Map<br />
    21. 21. Fighting Terrorism<br />How education fights Militant Islam<br />Provides young adults and teens with skills<br />Moderately educates students about their religion<br />The most progressive schools are beginning to teach about Christianity and Judaism.<br />
    22. 22. Opposition to Violence in the Qur’an<br />Nay,-whoever submits His whole self to God and is a doer of good,- He will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 2:112<br />The Muslim believers, the Jews, the Christians and the Sabians- all who believe in God and the last day and do good- will have their rewards with their Lord. No fear for them, nor shall they grieve. 2:62; 5:69<br />
    23. 23. Continued<br />…For those who believe and do good deeds, there will be no fear, nor will they grieve. 6:48<br />For those who say our lord is God and then follow the straight path there is no fear, nor shall they grieve. 48:13<br />
    24. 24. Violence in the Qur’an<br />When the four forbidden months are over, whenever you encounter the idolaters, kill them, seize them, besiege them, wait for them at every look out post; but if they turn to God, maintain the prayer and pay the prescribed alms, let them go on their way, for God is most forgiving and merciful. 9:5 (the Sword Verse)<br />
    25. 25. Opposition to Education<br />Two different fatwas have been issued against Mortenson because of CAI.<br />The first, Shi’a fatwa was refuted by the head mufti in Qom, Iran.<br />There is<br />
    26. 26. Education in the Qur’an<br />Some religious leaders claim that educating girls goes against the Qur’an.<br />There is no evidence in the Qur’an to support this claim.<br />Read! In the name of your Lord who created: He created man from a clinging form. Read! Your Lord is the Most Bountiful one who taught by the pen, who taught man what he did not know<br />
    27. 27. Bake Sale Flop<br />I tried to have a bake sale on Diversity Day.<br />With 50 cupcakes, 48 brownies and 2.5 gallons of rice pudding, I thought I’d make a little over $100.<br />This did not work, as I only made nine dollars.<br />
    28. 28. Challenges<br />Getting peoples’ attention<br />This was very difficult as there were many different events happening at the same time.<br />Encouraging donation<br />People seemed to be more willing to donate to closer and more news-worthy charities, especially Haitian Earthquake Relief.<br />
    29. 29. Continued<br />Explaining myself<br />Because I am not Muslim or Middle Eastern, many people wanted to know essentially why I cared so much about the Middle East.<br />
    30. 30. Learning Experience<br />It doesn’t always work out the way it’s supposed to.<br />Baking isn’t enough. Icing is also necessary.<br />So are cups, napkins, extension cords, spare pants, a pair of speakers and some Afghan pop. I realized that there is a whole lot more to running a bake sale than just baking<br />
    31. 31. Continued<br />Some little thing will go wrong at some point. It won’t ruin everything, and chances are, no one will notice.<br />With about five cupcakes left, I ran out of green icing. I solved the problem by putting green sprinkles over white icing<br />Every little bit helps.<br />Even though I only made nine dollars, that’s nine more dollars than I had before.<br />
    32. 32. Successes<br />Baked and iced 50 cupcakes and brownies<br />Learned how to make rice pudding, and made 2.5 gallons<br />Managed my baking over a week so that I had time for everything<br />Remembered details like napkins and cups<br />
    33. 33. Jahan Ali<br />Graduated in Korphe’s first class<br />Studied public policy in Skardu<br />Now studying government and hopes to become a member of Parliament.<br />“I want to be a… ‘Super lady’”<br />
    34. 34. Shakila Khan<br />Graduated from the Hushe Valley school, south of Korphe<br />Twenty-two years old and attending college in Lahore, where she has straight As<br />She will return to the Hushe valley when she finishes college and intends to work as a doctor<br />First locally educated woman in Baltistan<br />
    35. 35. Aziza Hussain<br />From the eastern Hunza Valley, almost China<br />Before she earned a CAI scholarship for a two year health program, about 20 women died in childbirth every year<br />Since she returned to her community in 2000, no one has died in childbirth<br />

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