Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Concepts and approach

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Presented by Jens A. Andersson at the Developing a Research for Development Framework for Africa RISING' Consultation and Writing Workshop, 13-14 September 2012.

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Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Concepts and approach

  1. 1. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Concepts and approach Jens A. AnderssonDeveloping a Research for Development framework for Africa RISING Consultation and Writing Workshop, 13-14 September 2012
  2. 2. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? sustainable intensification R4D demand-led typologies diversity livelihoods women food security
  3. 3. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Research for development / R4D ? • Research for Development • (Agricultural) Research and Development • Participatory Research and Development • Participatory Action Research and Development
  4. 4. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Key concepts • Demand-driven R&D: Whose demand? • Livelihoods focus: Context (of farming practices) • Diversity: Differentiated demand/options
  5. 5. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Whose demand? (who defines demand?) prolinnovaFarmer Researcherdirected directed
  6. 6. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Livelihoods focus Human knowledge, health, ability to work... Social Natural (in)formal Access to land, water, social structures natural resources (trust, groups membership,...) Physical Financial infrastructure, possessions (livestock, money), shelter, regular flows (wages, pensions), markets, insurance, credit ... • generally well-developed in livelihood analyses (base-line surveys) • result: household typologies (wealth-ranking)
  7. 7. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Sustainable livelihood framework livelihood transforming assets structures & livelihood processes outcomesvulnerability context H STRUCTURE > income S livelihood• shocks S influence N & access levels of govt. strategies > well-being• trends private sector < vulnerability laws• seasonality P F culture > food security > sustainable policies resource use Institutions PROCESSES (Scoones cs/DFID, 1999)
  8. 8. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Diversity livelihood strategy D livelihood assets livelihood strategy C livelihood• strategy A•• livelihood strategy B livelihood strategy E
  9. 9. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING?Key Concepts & Approach • Demand-driven R4D: Whose demand? • Livelihoods focus: Context (of farming practices) • Diversity: Differentiated demand/options (for SI) • System perspective
  10. 10. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING?Key Concepts & Approach• Demand-driven R4D: Whose demand?• Livelihoods focus: Context (of farming practices)• Diversity: Differentiated demand/options (for SI) • System perspective • Participatory approach
  11. 11. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Why a participatory R&D? • to focus stakeholder networks on weaker actors (vulnerable farmers, women) • as strategy to link Research to Development (action-oriented) • beyond researcher-identified diversity/problem identification/options (livelihood strategy focus) • Engaging with farmers and other stakeholders
  12. 12. Why and how to implement an R&D framework for Africa RISING? Research for development - R4D ? • Research for Development • (Agricultural) Research and Development • Participatory Research and Development • Participatory Action Research and Development

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