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History of horror pp


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History of horror pp

  1. 1. History of Horror Films HISTORY OF HORROR FILMS
  2. 2. Horror films are somewhat unique among the film genres in that there is a recognizable pattern that happens again and again. A film will come along and terrify an audience capturing their imaginations. But as we look at how the genre changes overtime, we must not think of the history of horror as being rigid one way street. New films borrow from old films all the time, a constant remix of subgenres and new techniques to make something for the contemporary culture.
  3. 3. So who did the first horror films borrow from? Monsters, murderers, demons and bests have been around since antiquity, ghost stories told round camp fires since we learned how to talk. But the roots of filmed horror were an extension of a genre of literature that got its start in the late 1700s:Gothic Horror. Marry Shelley, Bram Stoker and Edgar Allan Poe are famous gothic writers from late 1700s.
  4. 4. It was Gothic literature that the first horror films found inspiration. The genre was popular in both books and theater at the time. Although the term horror did not come into use for film until the 1930s, early filmmakers and film goers certainly showed an interest in the macabre in the clip “Spook Tale” from 1895 created by the Lumiere brothers. In 1896 Georges Melies would go on to create what is considered to be the first horror film ever made.
  5. 5. During the early period of talking pictures, the American Movie studio Universal Pictures began a successful Gothic horror film series. Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (also 1931) and The Old Dark House (1931) both feature Boris Karloff as a monstrous mute antagonists. These films were science fiction. The Invisible Man (1933) featured a mad scientist. This type of film was designed to thrill but also incorporated serious elements. With progression of the genre, many actors, including Boris Karloff and Bela Lugos began to build entire careers making horror films very successful in the 1940‟s. Including, The Body Snatcher (1945), Cat People (1942) and I Walked With A Zombie (1943).
  6. 6. With advances of technology, the ton of horror films shifted from the Gothic towards contemporary concerns. Two sub-genres began to emerge: the horror-of-Armageddon film and the horror-of-thedemonic film. During the 1950‟s the Hollywood directors and producers sometimes found ample opportunity for audience exploitation with gimmicks such as 3-D. Some horror films such as The Thing From Another World (1951) and Invasion Of The Body Snatchers (1956) used this gimmick. Ghosts and monsters still remained a frequent feature of horror in 1960, but many films used the supernatural premise to express the horror of the demonic. Blood Feast (1963) and Two Thousand Maniacs (1964) both used ghosts in their films but inhabited supernatural premise.
  7. 7. During the 1970‟s horror films began to involve the youth in the counterculture began exploring the medium. The Hills Have Eyes (1977) and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974) recalled the Vietnam war. In late 1970‟s Canadian director David Cronenberg featured the „mad scientist‟ movie sub-genre by exploring contemporary fears about technology and society. A cycle of slasher films was made during the late 1970‟s . Halloween (1978), Friday the 13th (1980) and A Nightmare On Elm Street (1984)
  8. 8. List of successful Horror films I Saw The Devil (2010) Audition (1999) Tesis (1996) The Day Of The Beast (1995) Nightbreed (1990) The Ring (2004) Drag Me To Hell (2009) The Grudge (2002)