o Ted Nelson,harvard sociology student, conceptualize hypertextGives a lecture in which is covered in students newspaper. Thefirst print reference of “hypertext”Appears, Feb 3-1965.o ARPANET computer network, the forerunnerof today’s internet, created by the US defenseDepartment in 1969.
The BBC files for a patent on teledata, the first teletext system in 1971. A loop of “pages” broadcast on TV Not interactive. Service is limited to a few hundredavailable pages. Slow.
British post office’s research laboratoryDemonstrates view data the first videotextService in 1974.It’s interactive, supporting two wayCommunication.
Early computer basedOnline dial-up services emerge.These are closed system- only subscribers have access..
1983: Time Magazine names the computer “Machine of the year” 1984: Apple introduces the macintosh computer. Cost $ 2,495 US with built in B & W monitor. within 75 days 50,000 are sold. 1985: 22 nations involved in videotext and teletext. 1986: computers readily available in US universities. Computers becoming cheaper and more powerful; first personal printer appears; ($ 7,000 US for an Apple laser writer) 1988: Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is developed by finnish graduate student jarkko oikarinen. DARPA makes the internet public.
Hypertext markup language is invented by Tim berners –lee in 1990. 1992 July : Lynx, a non-graphical web and Gopher (FTP) is released. 1992 November: reasonably reliable servers
October 1993 first journalism site is launched at the university of Florida. Dec 8, First article about the web appears in the New York Times
January 19th the first newspaper to regularly published on the web, the Palo Alto weekly in California, begins twice-weeklyPostings of its full contents. April: The Yahoo “Internet Index”is started by standford Ph.D CandidatesDavid Filo and Jerry Yang.
Unlimited space Unlike traditional media, online media do not have space/time restraint › Global Distribution Global reach is basic feature of online media Convergence › multimedia-Convergence of text, graphics, audio and video
Hypertexto Text that links to other content Interactive o Increased ability of the public to actively participate in the discussion and / construction/ control of content. o Internet provides a greater level of audience participation
Storage and retrievalo Content are storable permanently which is easy to search And, most importantly, immediacyo Publishing is quick and easy
Global reach Easy publication Interactivity Multimedia possibility Permanency Timelessness Unlimited space
Mushroomo news sites, journalist and news/opinion Lack of credibilityo Its not easy to distinguish between good and bad news sites Ethical questionso Privacy, accuracy vs. speed, copyright and advertising Digital divideo The gap between haves and have-nots
Information overloaded Accuracy Credibility Opinion-based Individual Manipulative