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Online journalism presentation

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Online journalism presentation

  1. 1.  Newspaper/ TV Advertising revenues are down. A few newspapers in the world has already closed down its print edition while continuing the online edition. A media to stay!
  2. 2.  The history of media shows arrival of new media changes/constrains the role of existing media.
  3. 3.  Define online journalism History of online journalism Strengthens of online journalism Weaknesses of online journalism
  4. 4.  The journalistic activities primarily conducted for disseminating information through internet Online journalism is JOURNALISM Online simply defines the method of delivery to the audience.
  5. 5.  The internet: The greatest advance for communication since the printing press An important information source- as important as traditional media
  6. 6.  The Friday Timeshttp://www.thefridaytimes.com/ Khabrain – Urdu Khabrain, Daily Khabrain Newspaperhttp://www.khabrain.com Bbc Urdu – BbcUrdu, Bbc Urdu Newshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/urdu/ Mashriq – Daily Mashriq, Roznama Mashriqhttp://www.dailymashriq.com.pk/ Express – Daily Express, Roznama Expresshttp://www.express.com.pk/ Daily Islamhttp://www.dailyislam.com
  7. 7. o Ted Nelson,harvard sociology student, conceptualize hypertextGives a lecture in which is covered in students newspaper. Thefirst print reference of “hypertext”Appears, Feb 3-1965.o ARPANET computer network, the forerunnerof today’s internet, created by the US defenseDepartment in 1969.
  8. 8.  The BBC files for a patent on teledata, the first teletext system in 1971. A loop of “pages” broadcast on TV Not interactive. Service is limited to a few hundredavailable pages. Slow.
  9. 9.  British post office’s research laboratoryDemonstrates view data the first videotextService in 1974.It’s interactive, supporting two wayCommunication.
  10. 10. Early computer basedOnline dial-up services emerge.These are closed system- only subscribers have access..
  11. 11.  1983: Time Magazine names the computer “Machine of the year” 1984: Apple introduces the macintosh computer. Cost $ 2,495 US with built in B & W monitor. within 75 days 50,000 are sold. 1985: 22 nations involved in videotext and teletext. 1986: computers readily available in US universities. Computers becoming cheaper and more powerful; first personal printer appears; ($ 7,000 US for an Apple laser writer) 1988: Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is developed by finnish graduate student jarkko oikarinen. DARPA makes the internet public.
  12. 12.  Hypertext markup language is invented by Tim berners –lee in 1990. 1992 July : Lynx, a non-graphical web and Gopher (FTP) is released. 1992 November: reasonably reliable servers
  13. 13.  October 1993 first journalism site is launched at the university of Florida. Dec 8, First article about the web appears in the New York Times
  14. 14.  January 19th the first newspaper to regularly published on the web, the Palo Alto weekly in California, begins twice-weeklyPostings of its full contents. April: The Yahoo “Internet Index”is started by standford Ph.D CandidatesDavid Filo and Jerry Yang.
  15. 15.  Unlimited space  Unlike traditional media, online media do not have space/time restraint › Global Distribution  Global reach is basic feature of online media Convergence › multimedia-Convergence of text, graphics, audio and video
  16. 16.  Hypertexto Text that links to other content Interactive o Increased ability of the public to actively participate in the discussion and / construction/ control of content. o Internet provides a greater level of audience participation
  17. 17.  Storage and retrievalo Content are storable permanently which is easy to search And, most importantly, immediacyo Publishing is quick and easy
  18. 18.  Global reach Easy publication Interactivity Multimedia possibility Permanency Timelessness Unlimited space
  19. 19.  Mushroomo news sites, journalist and news/opinion Lack of credibilityo Its not easy to distinguish between good and bad news sites Ethical questionso Privacy, accuracy vs. speed, copyright and advertising Digital divideo The gap between haves and have-nots
  20. 20.  Information overloaded Accuracy Credibility Opinion-based Individual Manipulative

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