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The Ocean as a Solution for Climate Change: 5 Opportunities for Action

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Experts and policymakers explore how ocean-based activities can contribute to efforts to limit emissions that contribute to global temperature increase.

Learn more at https://www.wri.org/events/2019/10/ocean-solution-climate-change-5-opportunities-action

Published in: Environment
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The Ocean as a Solution for Climate Change: 5 Opportunities for Action

  1. 1. THE OCEAN AS A SOLUTION FOR CLIMATE CHANGE: FIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR ACTION Expert Group in support of the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy October 3, 2019 Co-hosted by WRI and the Embassies of Chile, Fiji, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, Namibia, Norway, and Palau
  2. 2. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Andrew Steer President and CEO, WRI
  3. 3. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019
  4. 4. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Timing Agenda Speaker 9:00 – 9:30 Welcome • Introduction to the day Dr. Andrew Steer (WRI) • The High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy Ambassador Kåre Aas (Norway) • Implications of ocean-based climate solutions for the “Blue COP” Ambassador Alfonso Silva Navarro (Chile) 9:30 – 10:55 The Ocean as a Solution for Climate Change • The 5 Opportunities for Action • Panel discussion • Q&A Dr. Peter Haugan (Institute of Marine Research) Dr. Steve Gaines (UC Santa Barbara) Manaswita Konar (WRI) 10:55 – 11:00 Closing remarks Craig Hanson (WRI) Agenda
  5. 5. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Ambassador Kåre Aas Norway Ambassador to the United States
  6. 6. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Scott Morrison Prime Minister of Australia Justin Trudeau Prime Minister of Canada Sebastián Piñera President of Chile Frank Bainimarama Prime Minister of Fiji Nana Akufo-Addo President of Ghana Joko Widodo President of Indonesia Andrew Holness Prime Minister of Jamaica Shinzō Abe Prime Minister of Japan Uhuru Kenyatta President of Kenya Andrés López Obrador President of Mexico Hage Gottfried Geingob President of Namibia Erna Solberg Prime Minister of Norway Tommy Remengesau, Jr President of Palau António Costa Prime Minister of Portugal Peter Thomson UN SG’s Special Envoy for the Ocean The High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy
  7. 7. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Ambassador Alfonso Silva Navarro Chile Ambassador to the United States
  8. 8. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Craig Hanson Vice President (Food, Forests, Water & the Ocean), WRI
  9. 9. THE OCEAN AS A SOLUTION FOR CLIMATE CHANGE: FIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR ACTION Expert Group in support of the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy October 3, 2019 Co-hosted by WRI and the Embassies of Chile, Fiji, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, Namibia, Norway, and Palau
  10. 10. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019
  11. 11. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Launched at United Nations Climate Action Summit (September 2019)
  12. 12. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Accompanying article in Science
  13. 13. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Convening lead author Expert authors Expert Group Co-chairs Dr. Jane Lubchenco (Oregon State University, USA) Dr. Peter Haugan (Institute of Marine Research, Norway) Hon. Mari Pangestu (University of Indonesia, Indonesia) Ove Hoegh-Guldberg (Global Change Institute, Australia) Ken Caldeira (Carnegie Institution for Science, USA) Peter Haugan (Institute of Marine Research, Norway) Thierry Chopin (University of New Brunswick, France) Jennifer Howard (Conservation International, USA) Eliza Northrop (WRI) Mark Hemer (Ocean and Atmosphere Climate Science Centre, CSIRO, Australia) Manaswita Konar (WRI) Dorte Krause-Jensen (Aarhus University, Denmark) Catherine E. Lovelock (The University of Queensland, Australia) Mark Michelin (California Environmental Associates, USA) Finn Gunnar Nielsen (Bergen Offshore Wind Centre, Norway) Steve Gaines (Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, USA) Robert Parker (Dalhousie University, Canada) Tristan Smith (UCL Energy Institute, UK) Shreya Some (Jadavpur University, India) Peter Tyedmers (Dalhousie University, Canada) Joyashree Roy (Asian Institute of Tech, Thailand) Elizabeth Lindstad (SINTEF Ocean, Norway) The team that developed the report
  14. 14. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Key findings Ocean-based climate action can play a much bigger role in shrinking the world’s carbon footprint than was previously thought It could deliver up to a fifth (21% or 11 GtCO2e/year) of the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions cuts needed in 2050 to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C Reductions of this magnitude are larger than annual emissions from all current coal- fired power plants world-wide
  15. 15. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 The ocean is on the front lines of the battle against climate change . . .
  16. 16. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 . . . but in so doing it has become a victim of climate change
  17. 17. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 However, new analysis has identified five ocean-based climate action areas that can help in the fight against climate change
  18. 18. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Ocean-based mitigation options explored
  19. 19. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Determining mitigation potential
  20. 20. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Summary of global mitigation potential offered by each area of ocean- based climate action
  21. 21. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Potential contribution of five areas of ocean-based action to mitigating climate change in 2050 (maximum GtCO2e)
  22. 22. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Annual emissions from all coal-fired power plants worldwide Taking 2.5 billion cars off the road This is equivalent to . . .
  23. 23. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Contribution of ocean-based mitigation options to closing the emissions gap in 2050
  24. 24. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Ocean-based renewable energy Scaling up offshore wind 0.65 – 3.50 Scaling up other forms of ocean energy 0.11 – 1.90 2050 mitigation potential (GtCO2e/year)
  25. 25. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Decarbonising shipping Reducing emissions from domestic shipping 0.15 - 0.3 Reducing emissions from international shipping 0.75 - 1.5 2050 mitigation potential (GtCO2e/year)
  26. 26. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Coastal and marine ecosystem conservation and restoration Conservation: Halting losses of mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses 0.25 - 0.8 Restoration: Restoring mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses 0.2 - 0.3 Upscaling macroalgal production via aquaculture 0.05–0.3 Ending overexploitation of ocean fisheries Knowledge gaps 2050 mitigation potential (GtCO2e/year)
  27. 27. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Reducing emissions from wild capture fishing vessels 0.1 Reducing emissions from aquaculture 0.04 Increasing share of ocean- based proteins in diets 0.3 – 1.1 Ocean foods 2050 mitigation potential (GtCO2e/year)
  28. 28. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 While there is potential to store CO2 in the seabed, additional research is required to mitigate environmental risks CO2 storage in the seabed 0.5 - 2.0 2050 mitigation potential (GtCO2e/year)
  29. 29. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Ocean-based climate mitigation options have more co-benefits than trade-offs, and will support the achievement of the SDGs
  30. 30. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Access at www.oceanpanel.org
  31. 31. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 PANEL DISCUSSION Dr. Peter Haugan (Programme Director, Institute of Marine Research; Past Chair of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) Dr. Steve Gaines (Dean & Distinguished Professor, University of California Santa Barbara) Manaswita Konar (Ocean Economist, World Resources Institute) Moderator: Craig Hanson (Vice President of Food, Forests, Water & the Ocean at World Resources Institute)
  32. 32. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Q&A
  33. 33. Sherpa Meeting, Lisbon, May 2019 Craig Hanson Vice President (Food, Forests, Water & the Ocean), WRI
  34. 34. THE OCEAN AS A SOLUTION FOR CLIMATE CHANGE: FIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR ACTION Expert Group in support of the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy October 3, 2019 Co-hosted by WRI and the Embassies of Chile, Fiji, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, Namibia, Norway, and Palau

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