Adventures in LCA Transforming the sustainable seafood debate one impact category at a time Astrid Scholz LCA in Foods, Gö...
The world has an insatiable appetite for seafood… Source: FAO
Fish have no place left to hide from global fleets… Map shows decade of highest catch: expansion to Southern Oceans, 1950-...
Biomass of table fish in 1900 (t/km 2 ) (map: V. Christensen, SAUP)   Biomass of table fish in 1999
…  and destructive fishing practices Fishing down the food web…
Aquaculture has its problems, too… <ul><li>Escapes </li></ul><ul><li>Parasites/diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li><...
Is Seafood Consumption Sustainable? Socially Economically Environmentally
 
Working in Salmon Nation <ul><li>Community development from Alaska to California; </li></ul><ul><li>Building a conservatio...
 
Salmon is a good case study <ul><li>Global “super commodity”; </li></ul><ul><li>One of top seafood products; </li></ul><ul...
Impacts along the (sea)food value chain Primary production Processing &  Packaging Transportation Wholesale  to consumptio...
Transforming seafood in North America <ul><li>Regulators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability not integrated into public ...
More People Have Taken Consumer Action Than Political Or Membership Actions Data from The Mellman Group, 1997 Slides court...
Promoting Seafood Choices <ul><li>Seafood Watch ,  Give Swordfish a Break , and  Seafood Lover’s Almanac  — all successful...
Marine Stewardship Council <ul><li>Overfishing is bad for business </li></ul><ul><li>Partners found common ground </li></u...
First Labeled Products
Next?
Industry early adopters &quot;I am determined that Tesco should be a leader in helping to create a low-carbon economy. […]...
TESCO’s carbon footprint: 4.3m tonnes CO 2 e
Wal-Mart’s Green Goals & Targets <ul><li>To create  zero waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25% reduction in solid waste in 3 yea...
When Wal-Mart says “jump”, …
Bon Appétit: Low Carbon Diet <ul><li>American subsidiary of largest food service company in the world: 25 million meals a ...
LCA is a great tool for all that!
Dimensions of Sustainability Socioeconomic Local environmental Global environmental Habitat impacts Overfishing Bycatch Fo...
Impacts along the (sea)food value chain Primary production Processing &  Packaging Transportation Wholesale  to consumptio...
Europe Asia
What we need from you <ul><li>Applied research that consumers and industry can use—make LCA the best available science, ke...
 
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Adventures in LCA

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  • Adventures in LCA

    1. 1. Adventures in LCA Transforming the sustainable seafood debate one impact category at a time Astrid Scholz LCA in Foods, Göteborg, 25 April 2007
    2. 2. The world has an insatiable appetite for seafood… Source: FAO
    3. 3. Fish have no place left to hide from global fleets… Map shows decade of highest catch: expansion to Southern Oceans, 1950-2000; slide courtesy of Daniel Pauly, UBC/SAUP
    4. 4. Biomass of table fish in 1900 (t/km 2 ) (map: V. Christensen, SAUP) Biomass of table fish in 1999
    5. 5. … and destructive fishing practices Fishing down the food web…
    6. 6. Aquaculture has its problems, too… <ul><li>Escapes </li></ul><ul><li>Parasites/diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Feed </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Is Seafood Consumption Sustainable? Socially Economically Environmentally
    8. 9. Working in Salmon Nation <ul><li>Community development from Alaska to California; </li></ul><ul><li>Building a conservation economy: balancing economy, ecology, equity (3E); </li></ul><ul><li>Fisheries, forests, food & farm; First Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Research, ecosystem mapping, decision support tools, investments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shorebank Enterprise Pacific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Capital Fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Pacific Fisheries Trust </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. Salmon is a good case study <ul><li>Global “super commodity”; </li></ul><ul><li>One of top seafood products; </li></ul><ul><li>Both wild caught and farmed… </li></ul>
    10. 12. Impacts along the (sea)food value chain Primary production Processing & Packaging Transportation Wholesale to consumption Biophysical impacts Ecological and socioeconomic indicators
    11. 13. Transforming seafood in North America <ul><li>Regulators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability not integrated into public policy—emphasis is on nutrition, health and safety, and abundance; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 14,000 virtually unknown, only voluntary adoption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labels & certification, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seafood watch cards, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow Food movement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>market incentives, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>response to climate challenge, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whole supply chain management… </li></ul></ul>
    12. 14. More People Have Taken Consumer Action Than Political Or Membership Actions Data from The Mellman Group, 1997 Slides courtesy of Mike Sutton Purchased b/c profits go to enviro cause Contacted media outlet enviro $ contribution Voted for cand on enviro Volunteered at env org Contacted elected officials Not purchased product b/c harmful enviro impact recycle
    13. 15. Promoting Seafood Choices <ul><li>Seafood Watch , Give Swordfish a Break , and Seafood Lover’s Almanac — all successful </li></ul>
    14. 16. Marine Stewardship Council <ul><li>Overfishing is bad for business </li></ul><ul><li>Partners found common ground </li></ul><ul><li>MSC launched in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Market incentives influence politics… </li></ul>
    15. 17. First Labeled Products
    16. 18. Next?
    17. 19. Industry early adopters &quot;I am determined that Tesco should be a leader in helping to create a low-carbon economy. […] We must also help to stimulate the development of low-carbon technology, and work with our suppliers and others to deliver significant CO 2 reductions throughout our supply chain end to end .&quot; Sir Terry Leahy, 18 January 2007
    18. 20. TESCO’s carbon footprint: 4.3m tonnes CO 2 e
    19. 21. Wal-Mart’s Green Goals & Targets <ul><li>To create zero waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25% reduction in solid waste in 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To be supplied 100% by renewable energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stores 25% more efficient in 7 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To sell products that sustain our resources & environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20% supply base aligned in 3 years </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. When Wal-Mart says “jump”, …
    21. 23. Bon Appétit: Low Carbon Diet <ul><li>American subsidiary of largest food service company in the world: 25 million meals a day worldwide… </li></ul><ul><li>“ As you know, we've just introduced the idea of a Low Carbon Diet: first, educating our chefs (at 400 cafes) and changing corporate purchasing and menu-writing behavior; second, educating consumers with an analytical tool that allows them to calculate the carbon load of their meals and commit to reducing it — kind of a Weight Watchers program.” </li></ul>
    22. 24. LCA is a great tool for all that!
    23. 25. Dimensions of Sustainability Socioeconomic Local environmental Global environmental Habitat impacts Overfishing Bycatch Food web Local pollution Etc… Global warming potential Acidification Eutrophication, etc. Value added Wages Working conditions Ownership Etc….
    24. 26. Impacts along the (sea)food value chain Primary production Processing & Packaging Transportation Wholesale to consumption Biophysical impacts Ecological and socioeconomic indicators
    25. 27. Europe Asia
    26. 28. What we need from you <ul><li>Applied research that consumers and industry can use—make LCA the best available science, keep it rigorous </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up those EU projects: European policy sweeps across the Atlantic through trade and market signals </li></ul><ul><li>Work with industry directly: create competitive pressure on industry to be green </li></ul><ul><li>The View from Salmon Nation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More comprehensive impact accounting globally makes our job easier, of building a conservation economy with regional food systems! </li></ul></ul>

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