Use of fertilizer is very low standing at 2-8%
for inorganic fertilizer and 24.9% for organic
fertilizer. IF 1 kg/ha and is below the Sub-
Saharan Africa average of 9.6 kg/ha.
Central region 34.2 11.7
Kampala 23.0 5.5
Central 1 41.5 14.7
Central 2 27.6 9.2
Eastern region 21.9 10.4
East Central 15.4 5.2
Eastern 25.9 13.6
Northern region 9.6 4.4
Mid-North 6.7 3.6
North East 2.1 2.0
West Nile 16.0 6.2
western region 33.9 6.5
Mid-West 15.9 5.9
South-Western 49.0 7.1
Organic fertilizer is largely
ISFM techniques such as
submersion of crop residues,
bunds (soil, grass and stone) to
control soil erosion.
Some use of animal manure
With these practices plus
technologies such as UDP
good increases in yield
• Landfill in Kampala (3 sites)
• Uganda solid waste
funded by World Bank and
managed by National
• Biochar – R&D
SWM - Lira composting facility
Aerobic windrow composting;
leachate is applied to windrow
as a source of composting
35 tonnes p/d SW generated
from 2/4 divisions.
95% of waste received is
C/N ratio is too low at 12.
Two revenue sources; carbon
credits. 2,500 USD received
from 2011; sales 9MT per week,
but, demand is low
Collection and sweeping
isn’t done efficiently
(managed by divisions)
Waste segregation is
done on site manually.
required to cover repairs
15 USD p/t plus transport
High application rates. 2-3
tons p/a for heavy feeder
crops maize, potatoes.
A large percentage of
solid waste still dumped
IFDCCase study 2 – Biochar research,
5km from central Kampala
Raw Materials used to make Biochar organic
• Charcoal powder- helps in retaining water and
nutrients in the soil, stabilizes soil PH. Terra preta.
• Inoculated animal / municipal waste from a bio-
digester.- free from CH4 gases, and rich in Nitrogen.
• Vermiculite and Betonite. –Rich in K, Mg, Ca, P,
and other micro nutrients.
• Ash- Rich in K.
• Phosphates mixed with bamboo vinegar to convert
P to P2O5.
IFDCMunicipal waste/ banana peels
converted into charcoal powder.
Min factory set up of capacity 3 tones daily, Three outlets,
Demonstrations and field trials on different crops in
collaboration with other government research institutions
like UIRI, MUK, NFA, Agriculture etc.
We have also done several laboratory tests
We are in process of securing product certification from
Ministry of Agriculture of Uganda and IMO.
NFA sole supplier of forest inputs.
In general awareness about benefits of composting
Lack of collection and sorting systems
Lack of incentives for private sector
Poor market research/lack of marketing
More emphasis on safe disposal than compost quality
Negative balances may not be offset by MSW (1-3%)
however potential from human excreta greater (17-60%)
Some skepticism about use of inorganic fertilizers
Problems with inorganic fertilizer supply chain
In Kampala 28,000 tons of waste is collected and
delivered to landfill sites every month most of which is
Other urban areas high biodegradable content of SW
Middle class consumer interested in quality
More focus on higher value crops in peri urban use of
processed liquid fertilizer (by mixing and fermenting
molasses, animal droppings and plant tissues), for
orchards, banana plantations, horticulture crops, home