“Funding of advocacy to amplify social investment impact..” funding of activism “against” government, and how corporates can and whether they should fund this?“The Limpopo text books issue is a good one to look at, because many companies fund school improvement programmes in Limpopo. Should they also fund the kind of work Section 27 and others do to improve the system. How do they do this and still stay on the right side of government – is there a trade off?”
Why is support for social justice a business imperative?
Refer to Trevor Manuel interview with the maverick
Refer comments by Mamphele in introduction to 2011 CSI Handbook: “We are under-performing when it comes to the impact of CSI on our society… fragmented once off projects.. Driven by a compliance culture, not by a vision of sustainable investment in the country we all passionately want to live in.”
But civil society is struggling to fund its activities. See p 38 of the CSI handbook. NPOs with income of R500,000 to R20m all experienced either a decrease or a stagnation in funding. However, there is a need for much better monitoring of NGO funding trends, who & what sectors are being affected.
Be your own devil's advocate - Serious Social Investing 2013
CSI and Social Justice advocacy:What are you afraid of?Indicators of serious social investmentPresentation by Mark Heywood, Director, SECTION27Tshikululu, Serious Social Investing workshop, 14 March 2013
Overview+ The state of the nation+ The constitutional imperative for advocacy and the NDP+ How serious is serious social investing? + CSI practice in 2012+ A case study of the outcomes of advocacy in education: + The Limpopo text books „saga‟ and its aftermath+ Civil society, advocacy and social justice: what and who are we talking about? + Building social fabric and accountability+ Achievements/impact of civil society+ What is serious social investing?
The Constitution+ Preamble: + Heal the divisions of the past and establish a society based on democratic values, social justice and fundamental human rights;+ Founding Provisions: + Human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedoms.+ Bill of Rights: + Applies to all, including “juristic persons” + Freedom of expression + Assembly, demonstration and petition + Freedom of association + Political rights – Right to campaign for a political party or cause
The National Development Plan, 2012+ Citizens active in their own development: + “active citizenry and social activism is necessary for democracy and development to flourish.” NDP, Executive Summary p 27
How does social investment relate to the Constitutional vision?+ According to the CSI handbook, 15th edition, 2012: + Total CSI in 2012 = R6.9 bn, 5.4% increase after inflation adjustment (broad definition; narrow definition limited to expenditure =5.1bn) + R2.9bn or 40% of the overall spend is on education; education is supported by 93% of companies + Health has dropped from 68% to 40% of companies+ “the shift towards education comes largely at the expense of health expenditure, which at 12% of CSI expenditure in 2012 has shown a significant decline over the past three years (spending on health and HIV/Aids accounted for 19% of CSI expenditure in 2009).” (p 36)
Safe social investment?+ Corporates contribute almost ¼ of NPO funding, while govt approx 20%+ Trialogue‟s CSI research in 2012 showed that whilst 9% of NPOs engage in advocacy, just over 40% of corporate will not fund it+ Foreign donors contribute 1/5 of funding of NGOs surveyed (but 90% when it comes to advocacy) + TAC + SECTION27
EFFECTIVE SOCIALINVESTMENT?In 2012 R2.9bn wasinvested in education ..What were the results?
Progressive deterioration in numeracy Grade 2012 2011Grade % above 50 % 1 68 631 77% 2 57 552 68% 3 41 283 36% 4 37 284 26% 5 30 285 16% 6 27 306 11% 9 13 *9 2% Source: ANA, 2012 report Learners start off in the system fairly well. But as they progress in the education system their performance declines drastically. Source: Equal Education
Learner retention : Percentage of young people who enter theschool system and leave it with an employable qualification Source: Equal Education
Sensory deprivation: Learners shut out of the modern world+ Census @ Schools, 2009: + 69% of schools had a maths teacher + Less than 25% had a library + Only 53% had a computer + 15% had access to email or the internet + In the community: 35% had access to a library, 31% access to a computer and 20% access to the internet
“Many school environments are notconducive to learning.” NDP Photos: SECTION27
Effects of civil society advocacy+ In 2012 SECTION27 invested: + One attorney + One research fellow + One advocate + A lot of energy and ingenuity + Less than R2m
What were the results?+ 1,2 million text books delivered to grades 1,2,3,10+ Recommendations of a Presidential enquiry+ Books delivered largely on time in 2013 nationally+ Agreement with S27 on a furniture provision plan and toilet and sanitation renovation plan+ National political focus on education & growing social pressure
Who is civil society & what is itsinterest in social justice?Opponents …. Friends … “Counter-revolutionaries; neo- liberals; anti-majoritarians”
Impact: If it was not for activism...+ Two million people would not be on ARVs+ The Umtata medicines depot would have collapsed in 2012+ 1,2 million text books would not have been delivered in 2013 in Limpopo+ An R60m plan for school toilets would not be being implemented in Limpopo+ Corruption Watch would not exist
What is serious social investing?+ Investment in social goods and accountability+ Building social fabric not just providing social goods+ Bravery in investment decisions+ Innovation+ Risk taking
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