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Status Climate Change Strategy
and Implementation,
Lao PDR
Mr. Sivannakone Malivarn
CCAI Lao National Coordinator
Director...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Outlines
1. Climate Change ...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
1. Types of Hazards in Lao ...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Hazards in Lao PDR, continu...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Disasters in Lao PDR
 The ...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Examples of Recent Disaster...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Deputy Prime Minister
Natio...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Chairman
Deputy Prime Minis...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Chairman
Deputy Prime Minis...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Building Resilience by Link...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
4. Key Achievements on DRM ...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
 DRM and Climate change ar...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Key Challenges
1. Capacity ...
Mekong River Commission
2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum
6 – 8 October 2014
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Key Challenges
5. More scie...
1515
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Status climate change strategy and implementation, lao pdr

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Laos doesn’t have major natural disasters, however due to the re-occurrence of these disasters Laos still faces losses every year which creates maladaptive coping mechanisms in communities. The disasters threaten the human and economic development. Therefore one of the main goals of the government is to reduce the impact of the disasters. To build resilience the Department of Disaster Management and Climate Change, MONRE cooperates with the international community. Together they raise public awareness, coordinate, make village disaster management plans and work on a legal framework. The Lao government has made DRM and climate change one of their priorities, it’s been integrated into national-, sub-national and sectoral development planning. However, there are still some challenges

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Status climate change strategy and implementation, lao pdr

  1. 1. Status Climate Change Strategy and Implementation, Lao PDR Mr. Sivannakone Malivarn CCAI Lao National Coordinator Director of GMS Cooperation Division Lao National Mekong Committee, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Lao PDR
  2. 2. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Outlines 1. Climate Change impact in Laos; 2. Institutional responsible; 3. Key achievement on Climate Change Policies and Plans; 4. Key Challenges. 2
  3. 3. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia 1. Types of Hazards in Lao PDR  A hazard assessment conducted in 2011 identified the country as being most prone to the following hazards:  Drought  Flood  Storm  Epidemic  UXO  Landslide  Earthquake Although Lao doesn’t have major hazard events, recurrent hazards pose the biggest problems, leading to losses every year and creating maladaptive coping mechanisms in communities. 3
  4. 4. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Hazards in Lao PDR, continued  Recurrent hazards, such as floods and drought, affect the largest amount of people;  About 33 hazard events were observed from 1970-2010 affecting 9 million people causing $400 million in economic losses (MPI, 2012);  Losses from floods account for some 2.8-3.6% of the country’s GDP and about 2.7% of the government’s total spending annually (World Bank, 2014). Source: Desinventar 4
  5. 5. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Disasters in Lao PDR  The Human Development Report states that persistent vulnerability threatens human development  Reducing the impact of disasters in Lao PDR is a priority of the government due to the increasing number of persons affected and economic development caused by disasters Source: Desinventar 5
  6. 6. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Examples of Recent Disasters in Lao PDR  Drought, Luang Prabang 2013  Flash Flooding, Oudomxay 2013  Typhoon Haima, Northern and Central portions, 2011  Typhoon Ketsana, Southern provinces 2009  Flooding, Vientiane 2008 Photo Credits: MPI, PONRE Xiengkhouane 6
  7. 7. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Deputy Prime Minister National Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (NDPCC) Provincial Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (PDPCC) District Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (DDPCC) Village Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (VDPCC) 2. Disaster Prevention and Control Committee (DPCC) Diagram Department of Disaster Management and Climate Change (DDMCC), MONRE 7
  8. 8. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Chairman Deputy Prime Minister Standing Vice-Chair Minister, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) Vice-Chair - Minister, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) -Minister, Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) - Minister of Labour and Social Welfare (MLSW) Members 1. Vice Minister, Ministry of Public Health (MPH) 2. Vice Minister, Ministry of Interior (MoI) 3. Chair of the Lao RED Cross 4. Vice-Chair, Lao Youth Union 5. Director General, Ministry of Defense 6. Permanent Secretary , Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) 7. Permanent Secretary , Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) 8. Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education (MoE) 9. Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Finance (MoF) 10. Director General of the Department of Mass Media, Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism Organizational Structure of National Disaster Prevention and Control Committee 8
  9. 9. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Chairman Deputy Prime Minister Standing Vice-Chair Minister, MoNRE Vice-Chair Minister, MAF Members 1.Vice Minister, Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) 2.Vice Minister, Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) 3.Vice Minister, Ministry of Finance (MoF) 4.Vice Minister, Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MoIC) 5.Vice Minister, Ministry of Education (MoE) 6.Vice Minister, Ministry of Science and Technology 7.Vice-Chair, Lao Front for National Construction 8.Vice-Chair, Lao Women’s Union 9.Deputy General Secretariat, National Trade and Industry Council 10.Vice-Chair, Lao Youth Union Organizational Structure of National Environment-Climate Change Committee 9
  10. 10. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Building Resilience by Linking DRR and CC  The DDMCC, MONRE is working with government partners and the international community to ensure that lives and livelihoods are protected from disaster  Specific initiatives: 1) Legal Framework-MoNRE is initiating DRM and CC law for a long term disaster and climate change management expected to be finalized in 2017; 2) Village Disaster Management Plans are comprehensive, encompassing the entire disaster management cycle and proposing activities for prevention and mitigation, not solely preparedness and response; 3) Coordination- the government is working to coordinate with all relevant sectors through the NDPCC and Inter-Agency Steering Committee (IASC) and sector working groups; 4) Public Awareness- making the link between environmental sustainability, climate change, and disaster so that local communities understand the consequences of climate change and small actions they can take to mitigate hazards. 10
  11. 11. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia 4. Key Achievements on DRM & CC Policies and Plans  Integrated DRM and CC into the 7th NSEDP, Environmental Protection Law, Revised Urban Planning Law  Strategic Plan on Disaster Management to 2010, 2020 and action plan to 2005  Disaster Management Plan 2012-2015  Draft DRM Decree 2013  National Strategy on Climate Change (NSCC)  National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)  Action Plan on Climate Change (APCC) for the years 2013 to 2020 11
  12. 12. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia  DRM and Climate change are one of the priority areas integrated in to 7th NSEDP (2011-2015):  Participate in the campaign against global warming, climate change and pollution.  Ensure high alert in preventing natural disaster, particularly, forest fires, droughts, floods, and river bank and mountain erosion.  Restore the environment affected by disasters in the past years.  DRM and CC are integrated into education, transport, urban planning, agriculture and health sectors as well as provincial economic development plans (Khammoune, Attapeu, Saravan and Sayabouly provinces).  Working with MPI in integrating into the 8th NSEDP (2016-2020):  Need to give the priority and mainstream to all sectors  Need allocated some fund for climate change and disaster at central and local level Integration of Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management in National, Sub-National and Sectoral Development Planning 12
  13. 13. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Key Challenges 1. Capacity strengthening and guidance for mainstreaming at policy and operational levels  Need further strengthening of TWGCC and other institutions at various levels 2. Cross-cutting multi-sector awareness programs on climate change for decision makers and other stakeholders 3. Effective coordination among relevant line ministries and other stakeholders including the private sector and local communities 4. Programmatic approaches instead of single project oriented approach. 13
  14. 14. Mekong River Commission 2nd Mekong Climate Change Forum 6 – 8 October 2014 Siem Reap, Cambodia Key Challenges 5. More scientific data/information systems and vulnerability and adaptation studies 6. Practical examples of mainstreaming instead of only concepts 7. Technical and financial assistance from multilateral, bilateral and newly established global climate funds 8. Climate finance readiness (e.g., NAMA, NAP, Intended nationally determined contributions (INDC); 14
  15. 15. 1515 ຂອບໃຈ Thank you

Laos doesn’t have major natural disasters, however due to the re-occurrence of these disasters Laos still faces losses every year which creates maladaptive coping mechanisms in communities. The disasters threaten the human and economic development. Therefore one of the main goals of the government is to reduce the impact of the disasters. To build resilience the Department of Disaster Management and Climate Change, MONRE cooperates with the international community. Together they raise public awareness, coordinate, make village disaster management plans and work on a legal framework. The Lao government has made DRM and climate change one of their priorities, it’s been integrated into national-, sub-national and sectoral development planning. However, there are still some challenges

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