Developing a Severe
Are You Prepared?
11 December 2018
• Public spaces need disaster plans – Fairgrounds, Parks
• Private spaces need disaster plans – Community Use Afterhours
• County EMA personnel and first responders need to know those plans
• Personnel utilizing public/private spaces need to know those plans
• 4-H Clubs, Boy/Girl Scouts, Kiwanis, Rotary, Garden Clubs meet in all
sorts of places
What & Why
• NWS issues four types of threat notifications
• What brought to you by Sam Lashley, National Weather Service
Forecast Office, Northern Indiana
• Why brought to you by Steve Cain, Extension Disaster Education
• Issued 1x daily, unless
• Indicators of near and
• Highlight special conditions
• Call to pay attention
• Highly variable by region
• First alert that severe weather
• Likelihood is great enough to
begin preparations should
WATCH be changed to
Severe Weather has
been observed, or
the signs of severe
weather have been
seen on models or
• Your location needs a plan in the event of winter weather,
thunderstorms, or tornadoes.
• Each event is unique in challenges.
• Each location is unique in capacity.
Phase 1 – Form
a Planning Team
Phase 2 – Assess
Set goals and
Phase 3 –
analyze course of
Write the plan
Components of an Emergency Plan
• Situational Overview
• What threat are you dealing with
• Assignment of Responsibilities
• Who is in charge?
• Direction and Control
• How will you get it done?
• Phones (you’ll need numbers)
• Plan Development and
• Resource Requirements
• If you plan for it, you need the
resources to carry out the plan’s
• Where is it posted?
• Is it logical?
Where to Begin?
• Think about your operation /site.
• Identify what assets are vulnerable during different threats
• Insurance and law enforcement can help
• Establish protection measures
• What training might be needed?
Winter Storm Warning - Thoughts
• For liability purposes, ideal decision is close or cancel.
• Shelter-in-place criteria if not closed or cancelled.
• Up to one week of food and drink available
• Snow isn’t technically safe to eat after two days (best in the first half-day)
• Source of back-up heat available in the event of power outage
• Unless most people attending also don’t have a back-up source and criteria one is met.
• In this case, reasonable accommodations in the event of a power outage should be
available (think tons of blankets or a fireplace).
• Brave the storm criteria (send them home)
• Roads will be passable for the next hour.
• Overwhelming majority of attendees have a reliable source of transportation.
Severe Thunderstorm Warning
• Outdoor meetings must be immediately postponed or cancelled at
the first sign of lightning.
• Evacuation to a nearby building to wait is an option.
• As long as an indoor building with a solid roof is available and will
hold all participants, shelter-in-place is advised.
• Vehicles should not be considered an option, although they are the least
acceptable alternative to staying outside.
• EVACUATION IS NOT AN ACCEPTABLE OPTION
• 13 MINUTE LEAD TIME MORE LIKELY TO GET MOTORISTS KILLED
• In the event people without reliable transportation exist, those persons will
not be leaving in time anyway
• Shelter-in-place options nearby must be considered
• 80% of tornadoes are EF-3 or lower, but nearest basement gives best options.
The Living Resource
• AgSEED Team Members
• Hans Schmitz, Posey County
• Amanda Mosiman, Warrick County
• Curt Emanuel, Boone County
• Austin Pearson, Tipton County (NC3 member)
• Steve Cain, retired EDEN director
• Natalie Carroll, Prof. of Extension Education
• Renee McKee, State 4-H Program Leader
• Sam Lashley, NWS – Northern Indiana