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The Sahel: Challenges and Opportunities

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Presentation by SWAC Director Laurent Bossard made at the International Affairs and Foreign Policy Institute (INCIPE) in Madrid on 8 June 2017.

Présentation par Laurent Bossard, Directeur du CSAO, à l'Institut des affaires internationales et de la politique étrangère (INCIPE) à Madrid le 8 juin 2017.

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The Sahel: Challenges and Opportunities

  1. 1. THE SAHEL: CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES Madrid, 8 June 2017 Laurent Bossard Director, Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat
  2. 2. The Sahel
  3. 3. The widespread image of the Sahel
  4. 4. Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger among the top 20 agricultural performers globally Chronic malnutrition is declining steadily Agricultural production  population growth Abundant renewable water resources 80% of irrigable land not yet developed A different perspective
  5. 5. Demographics Urbanisation Migration Climate and conflict Challenges
  6. 6. FERTILITY TRANSITIONS (NUMBER OF CHILDREN PER WOMAN) Demographic challenge (1)
  7. 7. FERTILITY AND SCHOOL ENROLMENT Demographic challenge (2)
  8. 8. URBANISATION AND FERTILITY Demographic challenge (3)
  9. 9. 195019802010 Urban challenge (1) FROM URBANISATION TO CITIES
  10. 10. How can we best leverage the process of urbanisation by limiting its disadvantages and exploiting its potential? Urban challenge (2)
  11. 11. Migration challenge (1) WEST AFRICAN MIGRANTS IN THE WORLD
  12. 12. Migration challenges (2) MALI: TOTAL POPULATION AND AGRICULTURAL POPULATION IN 2005 (X1000)
  13. 13. Migration challenge (3) WEST AFRICAN EMIGRATION WITHIN WEST AFRICA, 2015
  14. 14. Europe 1% 10% 1% 1% 25% 46% Migration challenge (4) PLACES OF RESIDENCE OF SAHELIAN EMIGRANTS, 2015
  15. 15. ? Manage uncertainty Conclusion: Certainty and uncertainty CLIMATE CHANGE: PRECIPITATION
  16. 16. Conclusion: Certainty and uncertainty NIGER: INTERNAL FRAGILITIES & REGIONAL THREATS
  17. 17. Conclusion: Certainty and uncertainty FOOD INSECURITY AND VIOLENT ATTACKS IN NIGERIA
  18. 18. Thank you http://www.oecd.org/swac http://www.oecd.org/swac

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