SIXSeoul13 Day 1: City Talk Bilbao/Basque Case - Gorka Espiau


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SIXSeoul13 Day 1: City Talk Bilbao/Basque Case - Gorka Espiau

  1. 1. City Talk. The Bilbao/Basque case Gorka Espiau Idoiaga. Twitter: @GEspiau
  2. 2. Bilbao and the Basque land, at the heart of Europe
  3. 3. Bilbao and the Basque Country was suffering only 40 years ago the consequences of a cruel dictatorship, a deep economic crisis, the highest unemployment figures in Europe and a violent conflict.
  4. 4. The Basque Country is one of the EU leading territories according to the UN Human Development Index (GDP 31.000€per capita,+literacy 80% high education+ womens life expectancy 85,7). Today, Bilbao is internationally recognized as a successful case of socio economic transformation.
  5. 5. This transformation was possible due to a comprehensive strategy based on public/private partnership, endogenous reactivation of the economy and social innovation.
  6. 6. 80’s: TOUGH economic, social and political crisis. high unemployment collapse of basic industries obsolete infrastructures 80’s: triumph of the neo-liberal focus in the world context: “the best industrial policies are the ones that don’t exist” 30 YEARS FOR A RADICAL TRANSFORMATION 1980: beginning of Basque self- government IN THIRTY YEARS EUSKADI HAS BECOME A NEW COUNTRY. FROM A DECADENT AND OBSOLETE ECONOMY, IT'S TURNED INTO A POTENT, VENTURESOME AND COMPETITIVE CENTER OF BUSINESS •  GDP has grown during the last decade above that of Spain and the EU •  75% of production is exported (50% in medium/ high technology products) •  Unemployment has diminished drastically •  First in Spain in terms of income per capita •  Above the European average in terms of income per capita (136 /100) Tech Desert DURING THE 80's, THE BASQUE ECONOMY UNDERWENT A PROCESS OF INTEGRAL RESTRUCTURING FOLLOWING RECESSION
  7. 7. Keys to understand this transformation: 1st phase: 1980s “Learn to compete”. 2nd phase: 1990s “Learn to compete and cooperate” Public/Private partnerships. 3rd phase: 2000-2010 “Learn to innovate in cooperation” A new ecosystem for social innovation.
  8. 8. Dominant ideas in the past •  Economy of scale •  Centralised and unique industrial and regional policies •  The best industrial policy: the one that does not exist •  Complete separation/ confrontation State- Enterprise •  Exclusive Picking winners •  “Viva el MERCADO” (prominence to the market) •  Tripartite competition: USA- Japan-Europe •  Free rein to International Multilateral Organisations What we believed in … and did •  Interdependence, small is beautiful, posible and essential •  De-concentration of regionalised microeconomic policies •  “Comprehensive” strategy for competitiveness in solidarity •  Public-private and public-public partnerships •  All industry matters •  Transformed public leadership, with committed participation of social entrepreneurs •  Multiple competition / New players •  Guiding principle: each country is unique. Its own and differentiated strategy
  9. 9. Gorka Espiau Idoiaga. Agirre Lehendakaria Center Twitter: @GEspiau Kamsahamnida Eskerrik asko Thank you Then, we decided to build the Bilbao Guggenheim Museum.