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Knowledge Society : Challenges and Opportunities for Economic and Territorial Development

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Lecture of Isam Shahrour Knowledge Society: Challenges and Opportunities for Economic and Territorial Development - Role of Higher Education and Research Institutions” At the Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS), Ramallah, Palestine, December 20, 2011

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Knowledge Society : Challenges and Opportunities for Economic and Territorial Development

  1. 1. Knowledge  Society:   Challenges  and  Opportuni8es  for  Economic  and     Territorial  Development   Role  of  Higher  Educa8on  and  Research  Ins8tu8ons   Isam  SHAHROUR     Vice  President  “Research  and  Valoriza:on”   University  of  Science  and  Technology  of  Lille,  France       Yousif  A.  Sayigh  Development  Lecture  2011   Pales8ne  Economic  Policy  Research  Ins8tute  (MAS),  Ramallah,  Pales8ne,     December  20,  2011  
  2. 2. Ageing     Unemployment   Energy  Crisis   Financial  Crisis   Environment   Clima8c  Change  Health  care   Security   Advanced   Economy   Crises   and  ….   Transport,   Conges8on  
  3. 3. Ageing     Unemployment   Energy  Crisis   Financial  Crisis   Health   Security   Developing   countries   Crises   Corrup8on   Educa8on  and  Higher  Educa8on   Poli8cal  stability   and,…   Transport,   Conges8on   Environment   Clima8c  Change  
  4. 4. What  can  we  do  ?   Which  Solu8on  ?  
  5. 5. The  Knowledge  society  ?     With  globaliza,on  and  the  technological   revolu,on,  knowledge  :    -­‐  has  become  the  key  driver  of  compe88veness     -­‐  is  profoundly  reshaping  the  pa=erns  of   economic  growth  and  ac8vity.  
  6. 6. Q1  :  What  are  the  main  social  and  economic  challenges  ?   Q2  :  Could  the  Knowledge  society  be  a  per,nent  response?   Q3  :  Which  Strategies  are  proposed  for  a  knowledge-­‐based   society  ?   Q4  :  What  is  the  role  of  the  university  ?   Q5  :  What  can  we  do  ?         5  ques8ons    
  7. 7. Q1  :  What  are  the  main  social  and  economic  challenges  ?   Q2  :  Could  the  Knowledge  society  be  a  per,nent  response?   Q3  :  Which  Strategies  are  proposed  for  the  development   of  a  knowledge-­‐based  society  ?   Q4  :  What  is  the  role  of  the  university  ?   Q5  :  What  can  we  do  ?         5  ques8ons    
  8. 8. Energy  crisis   High  consump,on  (transport,   industry,  domes,c,  )       But  with  limited  resources   Organiza8on  for  Economic  Co-­‐opera8on  and  Development  
  9. 9. Energy  crisis  :  Security     Blackout:   •  Italy  2003,  55  Million   •  Indonesia  2005,  100  Million   Black  out,  United  States,  2003    50  Million  people     24  hours  for  full  recovery   Economic  Cost  :     $6  to  $10  billion  
  10. 10. Energy  crisis   Impact  on  the  environment  :     Co2,  Clima,c  Change,  global  warming,..  
  11. 11. Nuclear  power,  the  great  challenge   Ra8o  of  Nuclear  Power  in     Electricity  genera8on  (%)     France   Germany   Fukushima  Disaster  
  12. 12. Globaliza8on,  the  free  market  economy  
  13. 13. Industrial  and  service  Reloca8on       Irvington,  New  Jersey  
  14. 14. Labor  costs  :  operator  Hour     25$   1  $  
  15. 15. Environmental  challenges   Industrial  pollu,on   In  France,   Sites  concerned  
  16. 16. air  pollu8on  in  Europe  :   Cost  up  to  €  170  billion  in  2009  
  17. 17. Agriculture  pollu8on   75%  >  admissible  limit   Pes8cide  Concentra8on  in     water  resources  (France)      
  18. 18. Financial  crisis  
  19. 19. Unemployment     Consequences  on   •  Economy   •  Social  cohesion   •  prosperity   •  Poli,cal  stability    
  20. 20. Unemployment  rate  in  Europe  (2011)      
  21. 21. Unemployment rate in France 2011 >  16%   <  2%  
  22. 22. Popula8on  ageing     •  Re8rement  funding   •  Health  and  social  care   •  Customized  services  
  23. 23. Popula8on  ageing     Dependency  Ra8os   10%     28%    
  24. 24. Dependency  Ra,os   Popula8on  ageing    
  25. 25. Q1  :  What  are  the  main  social  and  economic  challenges  ?   Q2  :  Could  the  Knowledge  society  be  a  per,nent  response?   Q3  :  Which  Strategies  are  proposed  for  the  development   of  a  knowledge-­‐based  society  ?   Q4  :  What  is  the  role  of  the  university  ?   Q5  :  What  can  we  do  ?         2nd  ques8on    
  26. 26. The  Knowledge  society  
  27. 27. Knowledge  versus  Informa8on     Knowledge  Informa8on   Sharing  
  28. 28. Time  to  double  the  interna8onal    “knowledge”     Period   Time   Period  1   1  750  years   Period  2   150  years   Period  3   50  years   Now   5  years   By  2020   73  days   Knowledge  produc8on,  faster  and   faster  
  29. 29. Knowledge  increase       Increase  in  patent  applica8on       During  the  last  20  years  :    increase  from     100  000    to    500  000  
  30. 30. Example,  advances  in  Genome  screening  
  31. 31. Genome  screening  cost     2001   100  Million  $   2007   10  Million  $   2011   20  000  $  
  32. 32. Capacity  to    deal  with   Knowledge   Time   Less  advanced   More  Advanced  
  33. 33. Informa8on  and  communica8on  technology   (ITC)  Revolu8on:    Connected  world  
  34. 34. ICT  Revolu8on:  Connected  people  
  35. 35. Connected  people   July  2010   500  million   October  07   50  million   Now    :  800  million  
  36. 36. Knowledge  Impact     on  the  Economy  
  37. 37. Between  70  and  80%  of  the  economic   growth  is  due  to  new  and  be=er  Knowledge    
  38. 38. Innova,on  :   •  New  ideas  to  do  things  be=er  or  faster.   •  New  products  or  new  services   •  New  skilled  working  force   Knowledge  economy  is  based  on  innova8on  
  39. 39. Focused  on  young  well-­‐educated  workers       Young  are  innova,ve  :  they  do  not  know  the   limits  of  their  knowledge  and  skills,  therefore   they  exceed  them.     Knowledge  economy  is  based  on    innova8on  
  40. 40. Knowledge  and  technology  in  produc8on   TV  Industry    
  41. 41. Knowledge  and  technology  in  the  city   ²  Intelligent  sensors   ²  Communica,on  technology   ²  Real  ,me  monitoring   ²  Ac,ve  control   Stokcholm   Rio  de  Janeiro  
  42. 42. Q1  :  What  are  the  main  social  and  economic  challenges  ?   Q2  :  Could  the  Knowledge  society  be  a  per,nent  response?   Q3  :  Which  Strategies  are  proposed  for  the  development   of  a  knowledge-­‐based  society  ?   Q4  :  What  is  the  role  of  the  university  ?   Q5  :  What  can  we  do  ?         3rd  ques8on    
  43. 43. To overcome social and economic challenges: Strategies at various levels: ²  Europe ²  Country ²  Region ²  Metropolis
  44. 44. The  European  Strategy     (Lisbon  2000-­‐2010)     European  Strategy   Framework  Programs   for  Research  and   Development  
  45. 45. FP7,  50  Billion  €   FP5  15  :    Billion  €   FP2  :  5  Billion  €   FP8,  80    Billion  (??)   FP1  :  3  Billion  €   European  Framework  Programs  for  Research  and   Development  
  46. 46. About  Euro  350  billion   (36%    of  the  EU  budget)    
  47. 47. The  European  Strategy  (Lisbon  2000-­‐2010)  :   Make  the  European  Union  :     -­‐  “The  most  compe,,ve  and  dynamic  knowledge-­‐ based  economy  in  the  world   -­‐  Capable  of  sustaining  growth  with  more  and   be=er  jobs  and  greater  social  cohesion”  
  48. 48. European  Strategy  (By  2020)  
  49. 49. -­‐  Compe,,veness  Clusters  (2005)   -­‐  Na,onal  Strategy  for  Research  and  Innova,on  (2009)   -­‐  Program  «  Investment  for  Future  »  (2010)     Na,onal  Strategy,  France  
  50. 50. Competitiveness Clusters (2005) Public  –  private  partnership  :   Crea,on  of  industrial  &  economic  compe,,ve  clusters   Industry, Companies Higher Education & Research State Local Authorities
  51. 51. Reinforce  the    economic    compe88veness  through  :   Ø  Innova,on     Ø  Support  to  high  technology  Industrial  ac,vity   Ø  Interna,onaliza,on   Ø  A=rac,veness     71  Compe88veness  Clusters    
  52. 52. Na8onal  Strategy  for  Research  and  Innova8on  (2009)   Na8onal  Priori8es:      Aler  a  large  regional  and    na8onal  discussion   involving  academic,  industrial,  local  authori8es,   end-­‐users,.     Ø  Health,  food  and  biotechnologies   Ø  Environment  and  eco-­‐technologies   Ø  Informa8on,  communica8on     Ø  Nanotechnology  
  53. 53. “Investment  for  the  Future”    (32  billion  €)   University     Ø  Excellence  in  research   Ø  Excellence  in  Higher  Educa,on       Ø  Excellence  in  technology  transfer   University  –  Industry  partnership   Ø  Excellence  Research  and  Technology     Ø  Excellence  in  decarbonized  energy   Ø  Excellence  in  Health  and   Biotechnology    
  54. 54. Q1  :  What  are  the  main  social  and  economic  challenges  ?   Q2  :  Could  the  Knowledge  society  be  a  per,nent  response?   Q3  :  Which  Strategies  are  proposed  for  the  development   of  a  knowledge-­‐based  society  ?   Q4  :  What  is  the  role  of  the  university  ?   Q5  :  What  can  we  do  ?         4th  ques8on    
  55. 55. The University : Role and expectations Organisa,on  for  Economic  Co-­‐ opera,on  and  Development   (OECD)     •  Training  of  human  capital  (primarily  through  teaching).   •  Crea,on  of  knowledge  bases  (mainly  through  research).   •  Dissemina,on  of  knowledge  (primarily  through  interac5on   with  users  of  knowledge).   •  Knowledge  conserva,on  (storage  and  intergenera5onal   transmission  of  knowledge).  
  56. 56. For  a  per8nent  role  in  the  knowledge-­‐based  economy,   the  university  should:     1)  Develop  a  new  academic  and  governance  culture  :   Quality,  evalua,on,  interna,onal  openness,  social   accountability       2)  Adapt  the  educa,on  model  :    more  skilled  people,   skills  should  be  updated  regularly  (long-­‐life  learning),       Priority  for  female  par,cipa,on  in  higher  educa,on.    
  57. 57. 3)  Adapt  the  research  approach  :  knowledge  produc,on   in  the  context  of  applica,ons  :     -­‐  Problem  solving  approach   -­‐  Based  on  large  mul,disciplinary  interac,on       Difficulty:     Different  from  the  academic  community  approach    (more   fundamental  and  disciplinary)   For  a  per8nent  role,  the  university  should  :    
  58. 58. •  Europe  :  Excellence,  economic  development   •  State  :  Excellence,  students  professional  enrollment,   economic  development   •  Local  Authori8es  :  Economic  and  social  development   •  Private  sector  :  Capacity  to  deal  with  industrial  issues     •  Students  :  Excellence,  professional  enrollment,  campus  life   quality       Challenges  for  the  university  :     Funding,  compe88veness    
  59. 59. Q1  :  What  are  the  main  social  and  economic  challenges  ?   Q2  :  Could  the  Knowledge  society  be  a  per,nent   response?   Q3  :  Which  Strategies  are  proposed  for  the  development   of  a  knowledge-­‐based  society  ?   Q4  :  What  is  the  role  of  the  university  ?   Q5  :  What  can  we  do  ?         5th  ques8on    
  60. 60. The  Korean  Example  South  Korea     one  of  the  Asian  Tigers       Technology  Valley,  Seoul  
  61. 61. Researcher  per  Million  Inhabitants   Germany   Korea   The  Korean  Example   500   1980   2500   1997  
  62. 62. ² Knowledge,     ² Innova8on   ² Social  responsibility   Are  the  pillars  of  :     ² Economic  development  and     ² Social  prosperity  
  63. 63. Capacity  to     deal  with   Interna8onal   Knowledge   Time   ?
  64. 64. We  should  focus  on  quality  culture,  innova8on  and   evalua8on  in:   •  Educa,on  &  Higher  Educa,on   •  Public  –  Private  partnership     •  Use  of  informa,on  and  Communica,on  Technology   in  industry  and  services   •  Economic  Clustering    (State/Local  authori,es/industry/ university)   Poli8cal  and  social  will  
  65. 65. Construc8on  of  the  Knowledge  Society  should  be     -­‐  the  priority  for  both  public  and  private  funding     -­‐  enhanced  by  regional  and  Interna,onal   coopera,on  
  66. 66. Great  Opportunity   The  Diaspora  and  the  Diaspora  Network    

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