Innovations in housing solidarities international

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Innovations in housing solidarities international

  1. 1. Adapted<br />Solidarites International: Shelter response in Bangladesh<br />Community oriented<br />Tailored<br />
  2. 2. Outline of presentation<br />SIDR and AILA cyclones : shelter response<br /><ul><li>Experience
  3. 3. Approach:
  4. 4. Contextually adapted
  5. 5. Community oriented
  6. 6. Tailored
  7. 7. Lessons learned
  8. 8. Innovation:
  9. 9. Voucher system for shelter rehabilitation</li></ul>Technical notes<br /><ul><li>Vernacular construction
  10. 10. Skills and material availability
  11. 11. What was challenging
  12. 12. What was successful </li></ul>Final comments<br /><ul><li>Coordination
  13. 13. Technical Standardization </li></li></ul><li>Solidarites shelterexperience<br />Post Sidrrecovery phase – MathbariaUpazila – Pirojpur district<br /><ul><li>500 Twoslopesshelter constructions
  14. 14. 1755 shelterrehabilitations</li></ul>Aila response – Shyamnagar and KoyraUpazila<br /><ul><li>170 Four slopesshelter construction
  15. 15. 860 shelterrehabilitations( 380 on process)
  16. 16. 500 emergency shelter kits</li></li></ul><li>What do wewantwhenwebuildshelters in coastalbelt? <br />Privacy and dignity<br />Living space: 16 square feet (10’x16’)<br />Steady<br />Water proof<br />Flood resilient<br />Wind resistant<br />Cyclone resilient<br />
  17. 17. Othersconsiderations to design a shelter<br />What are the mostfrequenthazards in the area?<br />Local traditions and acceptance<br />Environnemental impact<br />Locallyavailablematerials and skills<br />Can the structure beextented?<br />Temperature control and ventilation<br />Sanitation and water supply<br />… <br />
  18. 18. Approach for shelter response<br /><ul><li>Contextually adapted
  19. 19. local trends / acceptance
  20. 20. Wind flow
  21. 21. Flood level
  22. 22. Materials availability
  23. 23. Eco friendly</li></li></ul><li>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Community oriented
  25. 25. Beneficiaries involvement
  26. 26. Capacity building for local carpenters
  27. 27. Community approach
  28. 28. Capacity building ( benef / local carpenter)
  29. 29. Tailored
  30. 30. Tailored BoQ for shelter rehabilitation
  31. 31. Recycling existing material </li></li></ul><li>Vernacular Construction<br /><ul><li>Technicalspecification for Shyamnagar</li></ul>Four slopes roof<br />Main structure in wood<br />Walls in CI sheets<br />Treatment of wood against parasites;<br />Instalment of pillars in concrete deep in soil & base;<br />Settlement of the corner pillar with at least 30 cm between the base border;<br />Improvement of the plinth level (+ 3 or 4 feet)<br />Building of bracing cross with wooden sections<br />Timber post and frame walls 4’’ x 4” posts <br />timber panel and timber plank<br />Timber roof frames<br /><ul><li>Technicalspecification for Mathbaria</li></ul>Two slopes roof<br />Structure and walls in wood<br />Treatment of wood against parasites;<br />Instalment of pillars in concrete deep in soil & base;<br />Settlement of the corner pillar with at least 30 cm between the base border;<br />Improvement of the plinth level (+ 3 or 4 feet);<br />Protection of the wall by a roof extension;<br />Building of bracing cross with wooden sections<br />Timber post and frame walls 4’’ x 4” posts<br /> timber panel and timber plank<br />Timber roof frames<br />
  32. 32. Presentation of Solidarites Shelter<br />
  33. 33. Presentation of Solidarites Shelters<br />2 slopes roof design<br />
  34. 34. 4 slopes roof design<br />
  35. 35. Lessons learned<br /><ul><li>Planning of shelter construction shouldbeanticipatedaccording to the local rainyseason, otherwiseshelter construction and materialdeliverybecomedifficult (winter or summer are the best seasons : December to April)
  36. 36. Shelter design shouldbedeveloppedaccording to the local tradition for a betteracceptancefrom the communities.
  37. 37. Beneficiariesinvolvement in everystep of construction helps to developtheirunderstanding about technicalspecification and requirements of the constructedshelter.
  38. 38. Following a livelihoodapproach and integrating cross-cutting issues consideringgender, disability, disasterpreparedness and vulnerability to housing conditions as a holisticapproach to reach the mostdisaster-affected people.</li></li></ul><li>Problems and solutions<br />PROBLEMS MET<br />1/ Wood quality (providers sometimes want to provide immature wood )<br />2/ Availability of good quality wood in the local market<br />3/ Availability of local masons and carpenters <br />GIVEN SOLUTIONS<br />1/ Need to train the team with the support of experienced carpenter who has indigenous / better knowledge about wood maturity.<br />Also wood treatment oil (locally called “maittatel”) or powder is a must need.<br />2/ Need to foresee according to the context: an order for proper wood should be anticipated to avoid delays in the construction<br />3/ Need to be anticipated from the beginning of the program, otherwise, finding carpenter could delay the construction work.<br />
  39. 39. Innovation<br /><ul><li>Voucher system
  40. 40. Individual MoU with beneficiaries
  41. 41. Community involvement to limit the risk
  42. 42. Community oriented land management for landless</li></li></ul><li>Coordination Recommendations<br />Desperate need for increased reporting and dissemination<br /><ul><li>Assessments
  43. 43. Plans
  44. 44. Progress</li></ul>Clear need for coordination at<br /><ul><li>National
  45. 45. District
  46. 46. And Sub-district level</li></ul>Need to refocus on emergency and transitional shelter needs<br />
  47. 47. Technical Recommendations<br />Programming<br /><ul><li>Refocus on immediate shelter needs
  48. 48. Refocus on broad based simple interventions rather than narrow complete solutions</li></ul>Strategic<br /><ul><li>Support existing successful strategies
  49. 49. Cyclone shelters
  50. 50. Storng embankments
  51. 51. Rapidly repairable housing</li></ul>Land and setting issues<br /><ul><li>Land title and embankments</li></ul>Constructional<br /><ul><li>Preserve and enhance existing reconstruction methods
  52. 52. Support self reconstruction with improved training
  53. 53. Improve Plinth and footing practice
  54. 54. Improve roof framing and wall connection(bracing)
  55. 55. Consider implications of partial or complete tie down</li>

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