Innovations in housing care


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Innovations in housing care

  1. 1. Welcome to Presentation on Shelter Program of CARE Bangladesh
  2. 2. Shelter Prog. of CARE Bangladesh after Sidr <ul><li>CARE Bangladesh supported the Sidr affected people through following shelter programs : </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional shelter : Distribution of shelter materials (Tent with fixation materials). </li></ul><ul><li>Const. of semi permanent family shelter including water and sanitation facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Const. of School Cum-Cyclone Shelter. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Family Shelter constructed after Sidr and Aila <ul><li>Shelter prog. after Sidr </li></ul><ul><li>1,223 family shelters including water and sanitation facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>2 school-cum cyclone shelters. </li></ul><ul><li>2 schools were reconstructed. </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter prog. after Aila </li></ul><ul><li>300 family shelters including water and sanitation facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional shelter for 920 families. </li></ul><ul><li>- Plinth raising for 1,500 households. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Design Feature of the house <ul><li>House size : 15 ft x 18 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>: 2 rooms, 1 kitchen & 1 veranda. </li></ul><ul><li>Ceiling : 9 ft height. </li></ul><ul><li>Roof : Sloping roof made of 0.35mm CI sheet with steel frame. CI sheets are tied by J-bolts. </li></ul><ul><li>Wall cladding : Bamboo made tarza (Tarza is local name). </li></ul><ul><li>Pillar : Pre-cast reinforced cement concrete. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: 5 inch x 5 inch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>: Coarse aggregate -> ½ inch downgraded brick chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>: Fine aggregate -> Minimum 1.5 FM sand. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reinforcement : 40 grade. </li></ul><ul><li>Mix ratio : 1:2:4. </li></ul><ul><li>Plinth : Earthen plinth. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mode of Implementation <ul><ul><li>- Followed direct delivery strategy ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CARE Bangladesh initially constructed 20 houses directly as pilot basis; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After that, different vendors supplied different materials and built the components separately. For example, one vendor supplied tarza fence, one supplied steel frame, one supplied RCC pillar & another one supplied CI sheet; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All construction activities were done under the close supervision of CARE employees; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PIC formed at community participated in the monitoring process under the guidance of CARE. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Strength of the Family Shelter Program <ul><ul><li>Due to the participation of community in the implementation process :- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership developed; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some benefit goes to the community; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of construction was ensured; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water and sanitation facilities was ensured. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Major Challenges <ul><li>Setting up implementation strategy and standard specification; </li></ul><ul><li>Contractors quoted high price. CARE cancelled engaging contractors. As a result some days/months were elapsed; </li></ul><ul><li>Try to find out experienced PNGO in such activities; </li></ul><ul><li>Duplication of funding due to lack of coordination; </li></ul><ul><li>Land issue; </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of material. For example, wood or steel for frame; </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring quality and standard specification; </li></ul><ul><li>CI sheet (at roof) rusted due to technical problem of the manufacturer, which were replaced; </li></ul><ul><li>Material price hike; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Value Added to the community <ul><li>Constructed houses were mid range cyclone resilient. All the houses constructed after Sidr were subsisted with plinth soil erosion only in devastating Aila; </li></ul><ul><li>(But, yet community should go to a nearby RCC cyclone shelter during cyclone). </li></ul><ul><li>Community participation ensured transparency; </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Delivery strategy ensured some benefit for the communities as they were engaged in the process; </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership developed; </li></ul>
  9. 9. After construction of a family house
  10. 10. Drawing for housing
  11. 11. Drawing for housing
  12. 12. Drawing (cont)
  13. 13. Capacity : around 2,000 people.
  14. 14. Facilities provided in Cyclone shelter <ul><li>Provision of school during non cyclone time. </li></ul><ul><li>Stair design is modified to ram for disabled person. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of connecting road is paved for easy access to shelter during cyclone. </li></ul><ul><li>Separate water and sanitation facility for men and women. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of solar energy. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Implementation Strategy <ul><li>LGED implemented engaging contractors; </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. PPR followed in the const. process; </li></ul><ul><li>CARE & LGED jointly monitored the const. activities; </li></ul><ul><li>Fund released uppon joint certification of CARE & LGED; </li></ul>