Lawn and Ornamental Equpment and Applications.pdf

P
Lawn and Ornamental Equipment and Uses
Types of Application
• LAWN
• Fertilization
• Weed control
• Insect/Fungi control
• Ornamentals
• Fertilization
• Insect/Disease control
2
Treating Lawn Areas
• Application should include wetting of
entire surface with no areas of over
concentration
• It’s very important to make uniform
applications to prevent leaving
bands and other damage from over
application
• Make sure to calibrate equipment
before application by knowing your
walking speed and how much
product is being applied based on
said speed
3
Equipment Used
for Application
• Involves two types of
application systems:
• Liquid (sprayers)
• Granular spreaders
4
Sprayers
• Rig-mounted sprayers
• Compressed air
sprayers
5
Rig-mounted Tank
Sprayers
• Work especially well when treating
large surface areas such as lawns
• Allows you to not have to refill the
tank over and over
• Tank size can range from 200– 600
gallons
6
Rig-mounted Sprayer
PPE & Mixing
• Make sure to wear all protective
equipment required by the product
label to protect from pesticide
exposure
• After mixing and before each
application make sure to run the
motor to mix pesticide through
continued agitation of the product.
7
Calibration Process Rig-mounted
Sprayers
• Measure an area of 1,000
square feet
• Add a specific amount of water
to the spray tank, treat the
area, and then measure the
amount of water remaining in
the tank
• The amount used is calculated
by taking your starting amount
and subtracting the remaining
amount left in the tank
8
Calibration
Granular
Spreaders
• Granular spreaders can be
used for large and small
areas
• When treating a large area,
you may choose to go with a
push spreader due to its
ability to hold more product
• In smaller areas like beds and
landscape areas a hand-held
spreader often works well
Improved
granular
application
techniques
will
include:
• Selecting the right equipment.
• Keeping the equipment in good working
condition.
• Calibrating the application equipment to:
• Prevent streaking of pesticides.
• Avoid a reduction in control with
pesticides.
• Apply proper amount of product.
• Selecting good quality product.
10
Calibration with Spreaders
• To calibrate your spreader for an application of fertilizer to your lawn:
• Determine the amount of fertilizer needed for 100 sq. ft. For example, the
fertilizer bag weighs 25 lbs. and covers 5,000 sq. ft.:
25 lbs × (100 sq ft ⁄ 5,000 sq ft) = 0.5 lb
• Place this amount in the spreader.
• Mark off the area. For a rotary spreader, use a 10-foot by 10-foot area
(100 sq. ft). For a single pass with drop spreaders, the length required
would depend on the width of your spreader: for a 1½, 2, and 3 foot
spreader use 66 2/3, 50, and 33 1/3 feet respectively.
• Apply using the suggested setting.
• Measure results and determine calibration rate.
Calibration includes:
• Calculating the amount of product needed.
• Mixing properly and safely.
• Adjusting the equipment to deliver the desired rate uniformly.
• Determining effective swath/overlap.
• Checking accuracy during operation.
• Detecting and correcting errors.
12
Importance
of
calibration:
• All spreaders should be calibrated
with the operator and the product
being used.
• Many product suppliers furnish
recommended settings and swath
width.
• Equipment manufacturers also make
setting recommendations.
13
Calibrating granular spreaders:
• Improves weed, insect,
and disease control.
• Lowers incidences of
using wrong amounts.
• Minimizes potential
problems to the
environment.
• Protects the safety of
people, pets and
non-target organisms
14
Ornamental
Treatments
• Most labels call for the
application to be at the
point of runoff on the
plant
• This can be very hard to
achieve due to the
different shapes and
sizes of ornamentals.
• A lot of care must be
taken in this area to
protect the plants
15
Compressed Air
Sprayers
• This type of spray is best suited for
smaller area treatments
• Ornamental treatments and weed
control are two great examples
• Most of these sprayers hold 5
gallons of product or less
• These sprayers may be pump style
or battery operated
16
Calibration
Procedure
(Backpack
Sprayers)
• Add a specific amount of water to the
sprayer.
• Spray the water as uniformly as possible
to the point of runoff.
• Take the amount of water left in the
sprayer and subtract it from the starting
amount in the sprayer in the beginning
17
Spot Treatment Sprayers
• Great for treating around
fences.
• Help control weeds in beds
and landscaping
• Calibrate sprayer same as in
compressed air sprayers,
but estimate area of spots
to be covered when figuring
amount of water and
product to add to spray
tank.
• Treat to point of run off.
18
Applying Products
Incorrectly:
• Without proper care, you may end
up applying incorrectly
• Misapplication of products is one of
the biggest issues in the industry
• This affects the quality of the
treatment, can damage the
property and can cost a company a
significant amount of money in
reapplication and/or damage
repairs
19
Product
Labels
• Product labels are of the
utmost importance in lawn
and ornamental applications
• The label is the law and must
be followed accordingly
• Don’t be the applicator that
thinks they already know the
label by heart
• Labels change periodically
and must be reviewed on a
regular basis
20
Label
Importance in
Pest and Disease
Control
• Always use the recommended
rates when treating disease
and pests
• The “nuke em” theory that
more is better actually works
against you
• Products have been
extensively tested and
approved by the EPA and are
proven to work in the
concentrations on the label
Client
Education
• Educate clients of their roles in controlling pests and diseases in
lawn and ornamental services
• Make sure the client understands the optimum watering
schedules and amount of water
• Lawn mowing and pruning of ornamentals is as important as
anything a L&O professional can do
• On each service visit let the client know their involvement and
role
• Set realistic expectations when services are performed
Review
• There are many types of equipment
and product to be considered when
performing a Lawn and Ornamental
application
• Knowledge of how the equipment
and products are vital
• Following product labels is
imperative to reaching optimal
levels of control
• Educating yourself and the client is
crucial to success since this is a
team effort
1 of 23

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Lawn and Ornamental Equpment and Applications.pdf

  • 1. Lawn and Ornamental Equipment and Uses
  • 2. Types of Application • LAWN • Fertilization • Weed control • Insect/Fungi control • Ornamentals • Fertilization • Insect/Disease control 2
  • 3. Treating Lawn Areas • Application should include wetting of entire surface with no areas of over concentration • It’s very important to make uniform applications to prevent leaving bands and other damage from over application • Make sure to calibrate equipment before application by knowing your walking speed and how much product is being applied based on said speed 3
  • 4. Equipment Used for Application • Involves two types of application systems: • Liquid (sprayers) • Granular spreaders 4
  • 5. Sprayers • Rig-mounted sprayers • Compressed air sprayers 5
  • 6. Rig-mounted Tank Sprayers • Work especially well when treating large surface areas such as lawns • Allows you to not have to refill the tank over and over • Tank size can range from 200– 600 gallons 6
  • 7. Rig-mounted Sprayer PPE & Mixing • Make sure to wear all protective equipment required by the product label to protect from pesticide exposure • After mixing and before each application make sure to run the motor to mix pesticide through continued agitation of the product. 7
  • 8. Calibration Process Rig-mounted Sprayers • Measure an area of 1,000 square feet • Add a specific amount of water to the spray tank, treat the area, and then measure the amount of water remaining in the tank • The amount used is calculated by taking your starting amount and subtracting the remaining amount left in the tank 8 Calibration
  • 9. Granular Spreaders • Granular spreaders can be used for large and small areas • When treating a large area, you may choose to go with a push spreader due to its ability to hold more product • In smaller areas like beds and landscape areas a hand-held spreader often works well
  • 10. Improved granular application techniques will include: • Selecting the right equipment. • Keeping the equipment in good working condition. • Calibrating the application equipment to: • Prevent streaking of pesticides. • Avoid a reduction in control with pesticides. • Apply proper amount of product. • Selecting good quality product. 10
  • 11. Calibration with Spreaders • To calibrate your spreader for an application of fertilizer to your lawn: • Determine the amount of fertilizer needed for 100 sq. ft. For example, the fertilizer bag weighs 25 lbs. and covers 5,000 sq. ft.: 25 lbs × (100 sq ft ⁄ 5,000 sq ft) = 0.5 lb • Place this amount in the spreader. • Mark off the area. For a rotary spreader, use a 10-foot by 10-foot area (100 sq. ft). For a single pass with drop spreaders, the length required would depend on the width of your spreader: for a 1½, 2, and 3 foot spreader use 66 2/3, 50, and 33 1/3 feet respectively. • Apply using the suggested setting. • Measure results and determine calibration rate.
  • 12. Calibration includes: • Calculating the amount of product needed. • Mixing properly and safely. • Adjusting the equipment to deliver the desired rate uniformly. • Determining effective swath/overlap. • Checking accuracy during operation. • Detecting and correcting errors. 12
  • 13. Importance of calibration: • All spreaders should be calibrated with the operator and the product being used. • Many product suppliers furnish recommended settings and swath width. • Equipment manufacturers also make setting recommendations. 13
  • 14. Calibrating granular spreaders: • Improves weed, insect, and disease control. • Lowers incidences of using wrong amounts. • Minimizes potential problems to the environment. • Protects the safety of people, pets and non-target organisms 14
  • 15. Ornamental Treatments • Most labels call for the application to be at the point of runoff on the plant • This can be very hard to achieve due to the different shapes and sizes of ornamentals. • A lot of care must be taken in this area to protect the plants 15
  • 16. Compressed Air Sprayers • This type of spray is best suited for smaller area treatments • Ornamental treatments and weed control are two great examples • Most of these sprayers hold 5 gallons of product or less • These sprayers may be pump style or battery operated 16
  • 17. Calibration Procedure (Backpack Sprayers) • Add a specific amount of water to the sprayer. • Spray the water as uniformly as possible to the point of runoff. • Take the amount of water left in the sprayer and subtract it from the starting amount in the sprayer in the beginning 17
  • 18. Spot Treatment Sprayers • Great for treating around fences. • Help control weeds in beds and landscaping • Calibrate sprayer same as in compressed air sprayers, but estimate area of spots to be covered when figuring amount of water and product to add to spray tank. • Treat to point of run off. 18
  • 19. Applying Products Incorrectly: • Without proper care, you may end up applying incorrectly • Misapplication of products is one of the biggest issues in the industry • This affects the quality of the treatment, can damage the property and can cost a company a significant amount of money in reapplication and/or damage repairs 19
  • 20. Product Labels • Product labels are of the utmost importance in lawn and ornamental applications • The label is the law and must be followed accordingly • Don’t be the applicator that thinks they already know the label by heart • Labels change periodically and must be reviewed on a regular basis 20
  • 21. Label Importance in Pest and Disease Control • Always use the recommended rates when treating disease and pests • The “nuke em” theory that more is better actually works against you • Products have been extensively tested and approved by the EPA and are proven to work in the concentrations on the label
  • 22. Client Education • Educate clients of their roles in controlling pests and diseases in lawn and ornamental services • Make sure the client understands the optimum watering schedules and amount of water • Lawn mowing and pruning of ornamentals is as important as anything a L&O professional can do • On each service visit let the client know their involvement and role • Set realistic expectations when services are performed
  • 23. Review • There are many types of equipment and product to be considered when performing a Lawn and Ornamental application • Knowledge of how the equipment and products are vital • Following product labels is imperative to reaching optimal levels of control • Educating yourself and the client is crucial to success since this is a team effort