Pre Clinic Theory Care Plan

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Pre Clinic Theory Care Plan

  1. 1. Pre-Clinic Theory Dental Hygiene Care Plan Darby Chapter 17
  2. 2. Planning <ul><li>Planning is the phase of the DENTAL HYGIENE PROCESS in which priorities are set, client goals are established and interventions & outcome measures are determined </li></ul>
  3. 3. Planning CARE PLAN <ul><li>Its purpose is to develop the plan of care that will target the resolution of an oral health problem amenable to dental hygiene care, the prevention of a problem, or the promotion of oral health </li></ul>
  4. 4. CARE PLAN <ul><li>Therefore, the phrase CARE PLAN , rather than TREATMENT PLAN , is consciously used to denote the broad range of preventive, educational, therapeutic, & support services within the scope of dental hygiene practice </li></ul>
  5. 5. CARE PLAN <ul><li>Given the human need for responsibility for oral health, the dental hygienist actively involves clients, according to their ability & motivation, in the process & obtains the informed consent of the client (or the client’s guardian) before initiation of care </li></ul><ul><li>The tangible outcome of the planning phase is the dental hygiene care plan </li></ul>
  6. 6. To formulate a care plan, the dental hygienist must: <ul><li>Possess a sound background in dental hygiene theory </li></ul><ul><li>Be thoroughly familiar with the parameters or standards of dental hygiene care </li></ul><ul><li>Possess the ability to collect, analyze, & interpret client data </li></ul><ul><li>Develop dental hygiene diagnoses </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate client goals </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Select supportive dental hygiene intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesize the collected information into a written plan </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate oral health need to clients effectively </li></ul><ul><li>View the dental hygiene care plan within the context of the total treatment plan developed by the dentist </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dental Hygiene Care Plan <ul><li>Is a written BLUEPRINT that directs the dental hygienist & client as they work together to meet the client’s oral health goals </li></ul><ul><li>The plan increases the likelihood that the oral healthcare team will work COLLABORATIVELY to deliver client-focused, goal-oriented, individualized care to clients </li></ul><ul><li>The plan facilitates the monitoring of client progress, ensures continuity of care, serves as a vehicle for communication among healthcare professionals & increases the likelihood of quality care </li></ul>
  9. 9. CARE PLAN <ul><li>The plan specifies the dental hygiene diagnoses, client goals, dental hygiene interventions, & evaluative strategies to measure the proposed & expected outcomes </li></ul>
  10. 10. CARE PLAN <ul><li>Once the CARE PLAN is written & shared with the client, the CARE PLAN becomes a legal contact between the dental hygienist and the client </li></ul><ul><li>Once the diagnosis is made, client-centered goals are established by the dental hygienist in conjunction with the client </li></ul>
  11. 11. CARE PLAN <ul><li>From the established client goals, interventions & expected outcomes can be drafted </li></ul><ul><li>With client input, priorities for each goal are established and then appointment planning can begin </li></ul><ul><li>Once priorities are established, the dental hygienist estimates the time necessary to complete each intervention </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rationale for Developing a Formal Dental Hygiene Care Plan <ul><li>Individualized dental hygiene care </li></ul><ul><li>Focus care on priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate communication & collaboration among healthcare professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Establish client-centered goals </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a foundation on which evaluation of dental hygiene interventions can be based </li></ul>
  13. 13. Rationale for Developing a Formal Dental Hygiene Care Plan <ul><li>Evaluate the client’s response to dental hygiene care (outcomes) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote professional dental hygiene practice </li></ul>
  14. 14. Planning Phase of the Dental Hygiene Process ASSESSING DIAGNOSING PLANNING: DENTAL HYGIENIST & CLIENT TOGETHER DISCUSS CLIENTGOALS, PRIORITIES, & INTERVENTIONS FOR GOAL ATTAINMENT. SET GOALS, IDENTIFY INTERVENTIONS,ESTABLISH PRIORITIES WRITE CARE PLAN IMPLEMENTING EVALUATING
  15. 15. Care Plan Evaluation <ul><li>Goal of Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation in the dental hygiene process ensures quality dental hygiene care that facilitates the client’s human need fulfillment related to oral health & wellness </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation is a critical component to the successful outcome of dental care </li></ul>
  16. 16. Evaluation <ul><li>Evaluation allows the clinician’s to measure the short-term achievements of client-centered goals as well as to anticipate the client’s long-term prognosis in maintaining the goals achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation includes the monitoring or reassessing the client’s self-care, changes in self-care behaviours, and/or parameters of oral health & disease at continued care </li></ul>
  17. 17. Evaluation <ul><li>Although evaluation is indicated as the 5 th phase of the dental hygiene process, an evaluation strategy is determined in conjunction with the planning phase and is evident during the implementation of care </li></ul>
  18. 18. Evaluation <ul><li>The evaluation of dental hygiene interventions directed at the achievement of client goals occurs periodically so that the dental hygienist can decide to: </li></ul>
  19. 19. Evaluation <ul><li>Modify the plan because the client is having difficulty in achieving the goal </li></ul><ul><li>Continue the plan because the client needs more time to achieve goals </li></ul><ul><li>Terminate the plan of care because the client has achieved the goals </li></ul>
  20. 20. Evaluation phase of the Dental Hygiene Process ASSESSING DIAGNOSING PLANNING IMPLEMENTING EVALUATING: DENTAL HYGIENIST & CLIENT, IN COLLABORATION, MEASURE OUTCOMES IN TERMS OF CLIENT’S GOALS. AN EVALUATIVE STATEMENT FO EACH GOAL IS RECORDED. 1 MODIFY PLAN & CONTINUE THE DENTAL HYGIENE PROCESS OR 2 TERMINATE DENTAL HYGIENE CARE
  21. 21. SUMMARY <ul><li>EXPLAIN TO THE CLIENT THE IMPORTANCE OF DEVELOPING A PLAN OF CARE </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLAIN HOW THE NEEDS & VALUES OF THE CLIENT ARE INCORPORATED INTO THE CARE PLAN (EX. CLIENT’S CHIEF COMPLAINT, CLIENT-CENTERED GOALS) </li></ul><ul><li>BE SURE THE CLIENT HAS PARTICIPATED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLIENT-CENTERED GOALS & IS IN COMMITTED TO THE GOALS </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>EXPLAIN TO THE CLIENT HOW THE GOALS WILL BE USED & HOW CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF CARE WILL BE RELATED TO THE ORIGINAL GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>REINFORCE THAT THE DENTAL HYGIENIST & CLIENT ARE WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP, AS CO-THERAPISTS, TO ACHIEVE THE CLIENT-CENTERED GOALS </li></ul>

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